Name_________________________________ Morelli|WH9 Period___ Date__________ World History 9 Midterm Review 2013-2014 Below is the material that will be covered on your midterm exam. Your midterm will be held over two days: ____________________. The first day will be a written portion, in which you will have to respond to questions from five of the seven units. You will have these questions in advance to prepare, and you will be allowed to bring notes into the exam to help you. You will write five paragraphs in total. The second day will be an objective portion: multiple choice and matching. You will not be allowed to use notes for this section. This will cover material from all of the units and you will not have a choice on the questions. We will spend several days in class reviewing for this exam. During the first few days, we will spend half of class answering questions about the content to refresh your memory. The other half will be spent working on traditional flashcards or Quizlet online flashcards to share with each other and with me, and/or working on your essay prep – it is your choice which you decide to work on, but you will have due dates for when the flashcards and the essay notes are due. On the last day before the exam, we will play Jeopardy as a class to review all of the content. Remember: CHS policy requires you to take a final exam at the end of the year. What’s better – to put in the work now, so you only have to review HALF of the year’s material, or to have to take a final exam in June with ALL of the information from September? You can do this! And of course, I am here to help after school by appointment. NOTE: Whenever it says HL below, that means Human Legacy (your textbook). DT means Discovery Techbook. I put in the chapter references to help you out. However, you should also make extensive use of your LATIC folders and your activities from these units. Late Middle Ages and Renaissance (HL Chapter 15, DT Chapter 17.2, Chapter 18.1 and 18.2) DUE _____________ Black Death Mongols Individualism Humanism Secular Italian City-States Signoria Republicanism Renaissance Machiavelli The Prince Michelangelo Sistine Chapel Patrons of artists Andreas Vesalius Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg Leonardo da Vinci 1. What were the social and economic effects of the Black Death for Europe? 2. What was the role of religion in the Middle Ages? How did that start to change during the Renaissance? 3. Why did the Renaissance start in Italy? Consider both geography and the Black Death. 4. Explain how both the Islamic world and the Greeks and Romans influenced the Renaissance. 5. What were the major cultural contributions of the Renaissance? [Hint: go back to your activities for this one!] The Protestant Reformation (HL Chapter 15, DT Chapter 20.1) Protestant Reformation Papacy Leo X Indulgences Tetzel Martin Luther Diet of Worms Charles V Henry VIII Anne Boleyn DUE _____________ annulment Katherine of Aragon Counter-Reformation Council of Trent Jesuits (Society of Jesus) 1. What is the difference between the Protestant Reformation and the CounterReformation? 2. What were the major abuses of the Catholic Church in the late Middle Ages? 3. What is the story of Martin Luther? Why did he break away from the Church? Did he intend to? 4. Why did Luther’s ideas become popular in Germany and all over Europe? 5. What happened at Luther’s trial at the Diet of Worms? Why did the German princes ensure that Luther was not executed? 6. Why did Henry VIII decide to break from the Catholic Church? What happened with his love triangle between Katherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn? Trade in the Atlantic World: Exploration/Encounters/Invasions (HL Chapter 16, DT Chapter 19) Christopher Columbus Vasco da Gama Caravel Astrolabe Compass DUE _____________ Hernando Cortes Aztec Empire Francisco Pizarro Inca Empire conquistador encomienda Treaty of Tordesillas Triangle Trade Middle Passage Columbian Exchange 1. Explain how the Age of Exploration led directly to the Atlantic Slave Trade. 2. Why did Europeans begin exploring in the first place? 3. Once the Spanish arrived in the Americas, what happened between the Native Americans and the Europeans? Be prepared to consider examples of how these interactions could be considered exploration, encounters, or invasions. Asian Empires: Mongols, Ottomans, Mughals (Mongols: HL Chapter 11, DT Chapter 13.2) (Ottomans: HL Chapter 17) (Mughals: HL Chapter 17) Mongols Genghis Khan Kublai Khan Yuan Dynasty Pax Mongolia 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Marco Polo Ottoman Empire sultan Janissaries Devshirme DUE _____________ Suleiman the Magnificent Mehmet the Conqueror Istanbul/Constantinople Hagia Sophia Akbar the Great Din-i-llahi Shah Jahan Taj Mahal Mughal Empire Explain why the Mongols’ military tactics made them so successful. What happened to the Mongol Empire after Genghis Khan died? Why? Compare and contrast Kublai Khan with Genghis Khan. What was life like for people who lived in the Mongol Empire? Why was Constantinople such an important goal/prize for the Ottomans? Consider both religion and geography in your answer. Why was the Devshirme system such a successful way of running the military for the Ottomans? What was life like for people who lived in the Ottoman Empire? Give details to explain. Who is Suleiman the Magnificent? Why was he so magnificent? Explain how Akbar the Great’s religious and social policies differed from other Muslim empires. Ming/Qing China and Feudal Japan (HL Chapter 17, DT Chapters 13.3 and 14.2) Yongle Zheng He Matteo Ricci Qianlong Kangxi Daimyo Samurai Shogun Haiku Bushido DUE _____________ Tokugawa Ieyasu Kabuki 1. How did the Mongol Empire end and the Ming Dynasty begin? 2. What technology allowed Zheng He to complete his voyages? Where did he go and why did he stop? 3. What were Ming foreign relations like? How was this related to Ming economy and society? 4. Which dynasty defeated and replaced the Ming Empire? How? 5. Compare and contrast Ming and Qing foreign relations and accomplishments. 6. Explain the Japanese feudal system. Who was most powerful and most valued and why? 7. How did the shoguns rise to power? 8. How did the Japanese treat Christians in Japan, and why? The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment (HL Chapter 19, DT Chapter 20.2 and 20.3) DUE _____________ Rationalism Individualism Relativism Montesquieu Scientific Revolution Salons Geocentricity Brahe Kepler Bacon Descartes Rousseau Locke State of Nature Social Contract Enlightenment Induction Deism Copernicus Galileo Heliocentricity Newton Deduction 1. What was the Old View of Science? How did Aristotle and Ptolemy help shape it? 2. What is the significance of Copernicus’ breakthrough? Why did he wait until he was dead to publish his findings? 3. Who deserves more credit for the Scientific Revolution, Galileo or Copernicus? Why? 4. Why did Galileo get in so much trouble with the Church? What happened to him? 5. Compare and contrast inductive and deductive reasoning 6. How did the Scientific Revolution grow out of the Renaissance? 7. How did the Enlightenment grow out of the Scientific Revolution? 8. How did Enlightenment ideas spread? Why were salons so important? Absolute Monarchies (HL Chapter 18) Divine Right of Kings Absolute Monarchy Louis XIV Versailles Wars of Aggression Intendant System Charles I Parliament English Civil War Oliver Cromwell DUE _____________ William and Mary English Bill of Rights Glorious Revolution constitutional monarchy 1. Why did absolute monarchy NOT mix well with the Enlightenment ideas floating around Europe, particularly France, in the 1700s? 2. How did Louis XIV “keep his friends close and his enemies closer”? Why was the Sun King such a good example of absolute monarchy? 3. Compare and contrast absolutism in France with absolutism in England. Why did Parliament make a difference in England? 4. Why did the English Civil War happen? Who won? What happened next? 5. Why did the Glorious Revolution happen in England? 6. Compare and contrast absolute monarchy with constitutional monarchy.