Allen High School Fall Semester Midterm Exam Elements of Art • Form • Line • Shape • Color • Texture • Space • Value Line • A continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point • 2D = pencil mark • 3D = wire • Implied = series of unconnected points that cause your eye to create a line • Outline or Contour More lines! Color • How light reacts when it reflects on an object or surface Color - Intensity Color & Value Shape • Enclosed space defined by other elements of art. • Usually 2D • Can be 3D (but used as a general term) Shapes- 2 Types Organic or Geometric Form • 3D • Encloses Volume, as a kind of “visual weight” • Examples: • Cubes, Spheres, Cylinders Color • Has 3 Properties: 1. Hue- the name of the color 2. Intensitybrightness or dullness 3. Value- lightness or darkness Color - Intensity Color & Value Value • Describes the darkness or lightness of a color. • Value is needed to express Volume Value makes Volume = Value: • The lightness or darkness of a color Texture • Refers to the surface quality or “feel” of an object • Roughness or smoothness • Hardness or softness • Texture can be felt in 3D works or “implied” in visual/2D drawings, paintings or photographs Texture Actual & Implied Space • The distance or area between, around, above or within things • It can be a description of both 2D & 3D works Space Both Positive & Negative Space are important! Principles of Design • Emphasis • Balance • Harmony • Variety • Movement • Rhythm • Proportion • Unity Rhythm • A type of movement • Seen in repeating shapes and colors • Alternating light and dark shapes also creates rhythm • Also called Pattern or Repetition Balance • Sense of stability • Can be created by repeating shapes or repeating the feeling of weight within a work • 3 Types of Balance: • Symmetrical, Asymmetrical & Radial Balance – 3 Types Symmetrical & Asymmetrical & Radial Radial Balance Asymmetrical Balance Symmetrical Balance Proportion • Also called Scale • Refers to the relationships of size of objects in a work • Smallness & largeness Repetition: Using the same image over and over again Harmony • Using similar elements throughout the work. • Gives artwork an “uncomplicated” feel Unity • The feeling of oneness • The parts equal a whole • Elements of Art tie everything together. • No confusion Emphasis • Developing points of interest to pull a viewer's attention (“focal point”) • Or thematic emphasis= focusing on one idea or theme Movement •Adds excitement to work by showing action and direction. •Moves viewer’s eye throughout work Variety • Using different shapes, textures, colors & values to make a piece interesting Contour Line Lines creating boundaries that separate one area from another; they define the edges and surface ridges of an object Outlines • The outside edge of an object. Blind Contour Drawing in which only contour lines are used to represent subject matter. Artist keep their eyes on the object they are drawing and concentrate on direction and curves. GESTURE DRAWING • More generally, a gesture drawing may be any drawing which attempts to capture action or movement. Thumbnail Sketch • A brief/small sketch of ideas for brainstorming and composition Composition • The overall arrangement and organization of visual elements on a 2D surface Color 1. Hue- the name of the color 2. Intensitybrightness or dullness Primary Colors – exist by themselves You can NOT mix them! Secondary Colors – Purple Green Orange Tints of colors 1 color + white = Tint Shade 1 Color + Black = Shade Complementary Colors Are OPPOSITE on the color wheel! Red and Green Orange and Blue Yellow and Purple Analagous Colors Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel Warm Colors • Colors that suggest warmth • Yellow, Orange, Red and some Purples Cool Colors • Colors that suggest coolness • Green, Blue, most Purples What are different techniques to show Value? 1. Hatching – parallel lines 2. Cross-hatching – perpendicular lines 3. Stippling - dots Hatching Cross Hatching Stippling: • The act of drawing with small dots Noli Novak Achromatic • To be without color or pigment • Greyscale • Black and White only Monochromatic – 1 color with black and white Implied Line • A series of unconnected points that cause our eyes to create a line What is a critique? Using knowledge to evaluate or analyze a work of art. To review, discuss or compare an artwork You do it every time you complete a RUBRIC! 21. Color Pencil Questions a) Linear – color pencil technique showing contour and value change, use of LINES b) Mixing – using light pencil pressure with a color pencil in an already existing GRAPHITE drawing 23. (continued) c) Scraffito- scraping away or scratching into the outer surface to reveal underneath d) Burnishing – using white (or any light color) with heavy pressure over an area of color for a blended/glossy effect. e) Wax bloom – the hazy finish that sets in on a color pencil drawing after a period of time 23. Continued f) Layering – overlapping graphite pencils with colored pencils. g) Frottage – creating a texture or pattern by coloring over a texture surface. A rubbing.