Myth Madness - Herscher CUSD #2

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Myth Madness

Reading

Mrs. Schultz

Chaos

The only being at the beginning of time.

What came from Chaos?

Uranus

—Sky God

Gaia or Gaea

—Earth Goddess

Cronus

Son of Uranus and Gaia

Killed his father, Uranus

Prophecy was that Cronus would be killed by his child

Cronus swallowed his children whole

Rhea

Wife of Cronus

Tricked him into swallowing a rock instead of son Zeus

Zeus was raised by another family and came into greatness so Cronus spared him.

Cronus was defeated!

Cronus had the help of the titans.

Zeus had the help of the Cyclopes and the

Hundred-Handed Ones.

Zeus divides the power

Zeus

—God the Sky

Poseidon

—God of the Sea

Hades--God of the Underworld

Where do the gods live?

Mount Olympus, Greece

Chapter 2:

Let’s Start With the Ladies—The

Goddesses

Demeter

– Goddess of Crops and Agriculture

– Happy—fields are green, grasses grow

– Sad—fields and grass suffer

– Mother of Persephone

– Myth explains seasonal changes

Let’s Start With the Ladies

The Goddesses

Hera

– Sister and wife of Zeus

– Queen of the Gods

– Mean, jealous

– Hated Heracles (Hercules)

– Drove Heracles to kill his own sons

– Often tried to kill him; always lost

Let’s Start With the Ladies

The Goddesses

Hestia

– Halo over her head

– Guardian Angel of Goddesses

– Helped orphans and lost children

– Helped people enjoy family life

Let’s Start With the Ladies

The Goddesses

Athena

– Goddess of Wisdom

– Born from Zeus’s head (big headache!)

– Hephaestus hit Zeus in the head with an ax and out popped Athena.

– She came out full grown and with a sword

Athena and a Contest

A human girl, Arachne, bragged about being the best weaver around even though

Athena invented weaving.

Athena challenged her to a contest and

Arachne lost.

Arachne hung herself; Athena turned her into a spider. (Hmmm…arachnids?)

Aphrodite

Goddess of Love

Born from the sea and the dismembered pieces of Uranus

Most beautiful woman ever seen!

Men brought her gifts, and Hera made her choose Hephaestus

Women can start wars!

The goddesses were arguing over who was the most beautiful. Paris chose

Aphrodite in order to get the most beautiful girl in the world, Helen of Troy.

Helen left Menelaus and caused the

Trojan War.

The Trojan War

Spartans vs. Trojans

All because of Helen of Troy!

Chapter 3: Let’s Hear It for the Boys

The Gods

Hades

– God of the Underworld

– Ruled the dead

– God of Wealth

– Invisible helmet

– Kidnapped Persephone

The Gods

Poseidon

– God of the Sea

– Uses a three-pronged trident

– Violent and unpredictable

– Greedy

– Second in command to Zeus

The Gods

Zeus

– God of the Sky

– Father of them All

– King of all Gods

– Fathered many gods and goddesses

Chapter 4:

The Many Children of Zeus

Apollo

– God of the Sun

– Most handsome

– Son of Zeus and Leto

– Taught wisdom not material gifts

– Invented music

– Killed Marsyas and nailed his skin to a tree where a river formed

—still there today!

The Many Children of Zeus

Ares

– God of War

– Son of Zeus and Hera

– Always in armor and wearing a helmet

– Out of control temper!

– Loves Aphrodite

The Many Children of Zeus

Dionysus

– God of the Vine

– Invented Wine

– Brings joy and anger to people

– Wine is both sweet and sour

– Known to drive people crazy

– Born from Zeus’s thigh

The Many Children of Zeus

Hephaestus

– God of Smithing

– Son of Zeus and Hera

– Born small and ugly

– Hera threw him off a cliff

– Amazing craftsman

(thunderbolts, jewelry, trident)

– Married Aphrodite

The Many Children of Zeus

Hermes

– Messenger God

– Son of Zeus and Maia

– Rotten and mischievous

– Stole Apollo’s cows

– Played the lyre

– Winged shoes

– Worked for Hades and Zeus

The Many Children of Zeus

Perseus

– Son of Zeus and Danae

– Grandfather sent Perseus and Danae away

– King Polydictes raised them; King wanted to marry Danae

– Sent Perseus to get Medusa’s head

– Gets head and kills grandfather

– Saved Andromeda

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

The Erinyes (Tisiphone, Mageara, Alecto)

– Responsible for punishing crimes

– Also called “Furies”

– Followed bad, evil people and drove them to their deaths

– Came from the blood of Uranus

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Eris

– Unpopular

– One of the women to indirectly caused the

Trojan War

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Eros

– God of Love (Cupid)

– Son of Aphrodite

– Blinded because love is blind

– Arrows he throws are magically treated

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

The Fates

– Decided each person’s identity

– Chose if you were good or evil

Clotho-Spinner, Spun the thread of life

Lacheis-Measurer, Decided the length

Atropos-Shears or cuts the thread

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

The Graces

– Sang and danced for the gods

– Daughters of Zeus and Eurynome

Aglaia

—splendor

Euphrosyne

—mirth

Thalia

—good cheer

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Hebe

– Goddess of Youth

– Daughter of Zeus and Hera

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

The Muses

Clio

—History

Urania

—Astronomy

Melpomene

—Tragedy

Thalia

—Comedy

Terpsichore

—Dance

Calliope

—Epic Poetry

Erato

—Love Poetry

Polyhymnia

—Songs to the Gods

Euterpe

—Lyric Poetry

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Nemesis

– Helped to avenge those who were wronged

– People were scared of her!

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Pan

– God of Goatherds and Shepherds

– Son of Hermes (half goat/half man)

– Goat horns and feet

– Term “panic” comes from him

Chapter 5: Top Ten Lesser Gods

Thanatos

– God of Death

– Friendly with Hades

– Lived in the Underworld

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

Medusa

– Mortal girl

– Athena changed her hair to snakes when she caught her with Poseidon in Athena’s palace

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

Medea

– Wife of Jason, she could cast spells

– Jason left her and she made his new bride a wedding dress that killed her

– She killed her own sons to get back at Jason

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

King Midas

– Everything he touched turned to gold

– His daughter turned to gold

– He asked to be changed back and was

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

Daedalus

– Great inventor

– Killed his nephew Talos because he was bragging about being a better inventor

– Athena forced him to leave Athens

– Escaped the Labyrinth with his son Icarus

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

Pandora

– Made by Hephaestus out of clay

– Athena breathed life into her

– She opened the box that brought disease and bad thoughts to the world.

Chapter 6: Foolish Mortals

King of Thessaly

– His children were rescued by the magical ram

Narcissus

– In love with himself

Chapter 7: Top Ten Monsters

Argus

– AKA Panoptes

– 100 eyes

– Giant

– Killed by Zeus

Chapter 7: Top Ten Monsters

Centaurs

– Part human and part horse

Cerberus

– 3 Headed Watch-Dog

– Guarded the Underworld for Hades

Chapter 7: Top Ten Monsters

Charybdis

– Daughter of Poseidon

– Killed people for fun

Cyclopes

– One eye in forehead

– Gigantic monster

Chapter 7: Top Ten Monsters

Harpies

– Face of a woman

– Body of a vulture

Nymphs

– Fairies in the woodlands and ponds

Chapter 7: Top Ten Monsters

Pegasus

– Winged flying horse

– Son born out of Medusa’s head

Phoenix

– Bird of Apollo

– Could burn and rise from the dead

Sirens

– Half bird/Half woman

– Enchanting songs lured sailors to death

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