Heartsaver CPR and Heimlich Maneuver 1. What are the 4 life threatening emergencies in adults? ~ Heart Attack ~ Cardiac Arrest ~ Choking ~ Stroke 2. The 4 links or actions in the AHA Adult Chain of Survival ~ early access ~ early CPR ~ early defibrillation ~ advance care 3. A heart attack occurs when… One of the hearts major blood vessel becomes blocked so oxygen cannot get to the heart. 4. The most common symptom of a heart attack is… Severe pressure or pain in the center of the chest. 5. Not all victims of heart attack have typical symptoms; women, elderly and diabetics may have vague symptoms such as… ~ aches in the chest ~ heart burn ~ indigestion ~ lower back pain 6. A cardiac arrest occurs… …when the heart stops pumping blood. 7. What are the signs of a cardiac arrest victim? ~ no response ~ no normal breathing ~ no sign of circulation 8. The ABC’s of CPR are: Airway Breathing Circulation 9. What are the 3 things you should do to check if the victim is breathing? ~ LOOK (to see if the chest is rising) ~ LISTEN (for breathing) ~ FEEL (for breathing on your cheek) 10. If a victim is not breathing normally, you should… Give 2 slow rescue breathes. 11. What should you do it a victim shows no signs of circulation? Begin chest compressions with rescue breathing. 12. What should you do if a victim does respond but is not breathing normally? Continue rescue breathes without chest compressions. (1 every 5 seconds) If a victim is still not responsive after 2 rescue breathes, you should begin CPR with 30 chest compressions and 2 breathes. 13. What does AED stand for and what does it do? Automated External Defibrillator It can analyze heart rhythm, recognize if a shock is needed and administer a shock when ready. 14. What are the 4 special situations you should look for before using an AED? ~ children ~ water ~ implanted pacemaker ~ transdermal medication (patch) 15. How do I know if someone is choking? Choking occurs when the windpipe is blocked. Face turns red A choking person cannot breath or talk Face will turn bluish 16. How do I help a person who is choking?