Chapter 2 Geography of the Fertile Crescent Tigris and Euphrates Rivers These 1)rivers have several smaller rivers which feed into the system. The area is known as 2)Mesopotamia. As part of the larger 3)Fertile Crescent, it saw the earliest 4)urban civilization. It is often called the “5)Cradle of Civilization". Irrigation in Mesopotamia The 6)irrigation systems of Mesopotamia were different from ones in modern day They had some major components: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 7)Canals 8)Gated ditches 9)Levees 10)Gates Irrigation in Mesopotamia This invention had two main purposes – ◦ To 11)protect Mesopotamia from the threat of 12)flooding ◦ Provide 13)water into areas that were not close to the rivers 14)edge. Benefits of Irrigation (15)Surplus (having more than you need) of food Division of Labor provided for: ◦ (16)Quicker work ◦ (17)Better work ◦ (18)Specialized Work ◦ (19)Structure and Rules Mind Map Your Topic is Irrigation Use all 6 bubbles Make sure to use less than 4 words or a picture. Sumer The word means “20)land of the civilized lords" or “21)native land" Located in the region of southern 22)Mesopotamia(mod ern Iraq) It was first settled between 23)4500 and 4000 BC They drained the marshes for 24)agriculture Sumer Developed 25)trade Established industries including: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 26)Weaving 27)Leatherwork 28)Metalwork 29)Masonry 30)Pottery Mind Map Your Topic is Sumer Use all 6 bubbles Make sure to use less than 4 words or a picture. Brain Pop-Sumerians Growth of the City State The Sumer people were 31)farmers Around 32)2000 BC people moved into 33)cities. Combining the rural and 34)urban centers we see the rise of 35)city states. Gilgamesh The fifth king of (36)Uruk According to the Sumerian king list he reigned for (37)126 years The (38)Epic of Gilgamesh is the oldest written story on Earth. It was originally written on 12 (39)clay tablets Gilgamesh It is about the (40)adventures of the historical King of (41)Uruk These stories were the first written (42)mythology. Video Mind Map Your Topic is Gilgamesh Use all 4 bubbles Make sure to use less than 4 words or a picture. Sumerian Religions They practiced 43)polytheism (many gods) They worshipped a god named 44)An as their primary god. The 45)gods each had associations with different 46)cities Their religious 47)importance often changed according to how power the 48)cities were. Sumerian Religions The 49)gods were said to have created human beings from 50)clay. They often expressed their 51)anger and frustration through 52)earthquakes and storms. The 53)religion seemed to imply that humanity was at the 54)mercy of the gods. Ziggurats The 55)ziggurats were not places for public worship or 56)ceremonies. They were believed to be 57)dwelling places for the gods. Only 58)priests were permitted inside. It was their 59)responsibility to care for the gods and attend to their 60)needs As a result the 61)priests were very powerful members of 62)Sumerian society. Mind Map Your Topic is Sumerian Religion Use all 6 bubbles Make sure to use less than 4 words or a picture.