Acronym • A word formed from the first letters in a word or phrase Examples: NATO, laser, NASA Alliteration • The repetition of initial consonant sounds in words Allusion • A literary reference to a familiar person, place, thing or event. Analogy • A comparison of two or more similar objects suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects they will probably be alike in other ways. Antonym • Pairs of words that are opposite in meaning Connotation • Meaning or feeling of a word it suggests beyond the dictionary definition Couplet • A pair of lines of verse of the same length that usually rhyme Denotation • Direct dictionary meaning of a word Drama • The form of literature known as plays. Also refers to the type of serious play that is often concerned with the leading characters’ relationship to society Empathy • Putting your self in someone else’s place and imagining how that person must feel Epic • A long narrative poem that tells the deeds and adventures of a hero Epithet • Word or phrase used in place of a person’s name; it is a characteristic of that person Figurative Meaning • Language that goes beyond the normal meaning of the words used Foil • Someone who serves as a contrast or a challenge to another character Idiom • Phrase or expression that means something different from what the words actually say Illusion • A false picture or idea Literal Meaning • The actual meaning of a word; language that means what it appears to mean Onomatopoeia • The use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning Oxymoron • Combination of contradictory words Paradox • A statement that seems contrary to common sense, yet may, in fact, be true Pun • A phrase that uses words that the sound the same in a way that gives them a funny effect. Rhetoric • The art of using language effectively and persuasively. Satire • A literary tone used to make fun of human vice or weakness, often with the intent of correcting or changing the subject of attack. Soliloquy • A speech that is delivered by a character when he/she is alone on stage. It is as though the character is thinking out loud. Sonnet • A poem of 14 lines of iambic pentameter. Synonym • A pair of words with the same meaning. Tragedy • A literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some character flaw. That struggle ends in the defeat of the hero.