Form of government where the ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people he or she governs
Gain power through heredity or marriage
“Divine Right of Kings”
King Mswati III, Swaziland
King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia
a monarchy governed according to a constitution that limits and defines the powers of the monarch
Today most monarchs give up power, position is title only
Govern by rules, not personal feelings
King Abdullah II, Jordan
Sheikh Saad Al Abdullah Al Salim Al Sabah, Kuwait
Form of government in which the party with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor.
The parties in the minority serve in opposition to the majority and have the duty to challenge it regularly.
The prime minister may be removed from power whenever he loses the confidence of a majority of the ruling party or of the parliament
Members of Parliament elected to serve a certain period of time
Early Elections Possible
Need majority to stay in power
Avoid legislative gridlock
A system of government where an executive branch is led by a president who is often elected by the people.
This branch exists separately from the legislature.
Direct Elections, President elected by people
Checks & Balances: President and legislature work separate from each other
President and Legislature serve fixed terms
Checks & Balances
The form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a single person/dictator.
Dictator holds unlimited power
Actions easily taken
Strict rules, little freedom
Form of government in which the official policy is to be governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided
Government guided by specific religion
“Rule of God”
"God” himself is recognized as the head of the state
Hierarchy of the government identical with the administrative hierarchy of the religion or….
Government hierarchy subordinate to the religious hierarchy