Systems of Government

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Form of government where the ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people he or she governs

Unrestricted Power

Gain power through heredity or marriage

“Divine Right of Kings”

Positives?

Negatives?

King Mswati III, Swaziland

King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia

 a monarchy governed according to a constitution that limits and defines the powers of the monarch

Limited Power

Today most monarchs give up power, position is title only

Pros:

Govern by rules, not personal feelings

Cons:

Irrelevant

Expensive

King Abdullah II, Jordan

Sheikh Saad Al Abdullah Al Salim Al Sabah, Kuwait

Form of government in which the party with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor.

The parties in the minority serve in opposition to the majority and have the duty to challenge it regularly.

The prime minister may be removed from power whenever he loses the confidence of a majority of the ruling party or of the parliament

Members of Parliament elected to serve a certain period of time

Early Elections Possible

Need majority to stay in power

Pros:

Avoid legislative gridlock

Accountability

Easily Replaceable

Cons:

Easily Replaceable

India

Japan

A system of government where an executive branch is led by a president who is often elected by the people.

This branch exists separately from the legislature.

Direct Elections, President elected by people

Checks & Balances: President and legislature work separate from each other

President and Legislature serve fixed terms

Pros:

People decide

Checks & Balances

Stability

Cons

Gridlock

United States

South Africa

The form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a single person/dictator.

Dictator holds unlimited power

Censorship

One-party rule

Pros:

Actions easily taken

Cons:

Oppressive

Strict rules, little freedom

North Korea

Form of government in which the official policy is to be governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided

Government guided by specific religion

“Rule of God”

"God” himself is recognized as the head of the state

Hierarchy of the government identical with the administrative hierarchy of the religion or….

Government hierarchy subordinate to the religious hierarchy

Iran

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