Systems of Government


 Form of government where the ruler has complete authority over the government and the lives of the people he or she governs

 Unrestricted Power

 Gain power through heredity or marriage

 “Divine Right of Kings”

 Positives?

 Negatives?

 King Mswati III, Swaziland

 King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia

 a monarchy governed according to a constitution that limits and defines the powers of the monarch

 Limited Power

 Today most monarchs give up power, position is title only

 Pros:

 Govern by rules, not personal feelings

 Cons:

 Irrelevant

 Expensive

 King Abdullah II, Jordan

 Sheikh Saad Al Abdullah Al Salim Al Sabah, Kuwait

 Form of government in which the party with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor.

 The parties in the minority serve in opposition to the majority and have the duty to challenge it regularly.

 The prime minister may be removed from power whenever he loses the confidence of a majority of the ruling party or of the parliament

 Members of Parliament elected to serve a certain period of time

Early Elections Possible

Need majority to stay in power


 Avoid legislative gridlock


Easily Replaceable


 Easily Replaceable

 India

 Japan

 A system of government where an executive branch is led by a president who is often elected by the people.

This branch exists separately from the legislature.

 Direct Elections, President elected by people

 Checks & Balances: President and legislature work separate from each other

 President and Legislature serve fixed terms


People decide

Checks & Balances



 Gridlock

 United States

 South Africa

 The form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a single person/dictator.

 Dictator holds unlimited power

 Censorship

 One-party rule


 Actions easily taken



Strict rules, little freedom

 North Korea

 Form of government in which the official policy is to be governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided

 Government guided by specific religion

 “Rule of God”

 "God” himself is recognized as the head of the state

 Hierarchy of the government identical with the administrative hierarchy of the religion or….

 Government hierarchy subordinate to the religious hierarchy

 Iran