Chapter 5 & 6 Study Guide: Forming a Government/The Constitution Name: __________________________________ 1. What is a constitution? 2. What is suffrage? 3. How does the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom relate to modern ideas about religious freedom? 4. What are the Articles of Confederation? 5. How did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 help to create new states? 6. What was Shay’s Rebellion? 7. Why did Madison and Hamilton call for a Constitutional Convention? 8. Explain the New Jersey Plan. 9. Explain the Virginia Plan. 10. What is the Great Compromise? 11. What is the Three-Fifths Compromise? 12. What is federalism? 13. What are the three branches of government? 14. Explain the purpose of each branch of government. 15. What does it mean that are government has a system of “checks and balances”? 16. What is one weakness of the Articles of Confederation? 17. What are the views of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists? 18. What is the Bill of Rights? 19. What are amendments? 20. When did the Constitution go into effect? 21. You will need to be able to summarize all 10 amendments in the Bill of Rights (know the number of the amendment). 22. What are the two houses of the legislative branch called? 23. How many members are in the House of Representatives? 24. How many Senators come from each state? 25. Which amendment limits the president to serving two terms? 26. How can Congress override a veto? 27. What are two duties of the president? 28. What is the Court of Appeals? 29. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? 30. Who was the first African American Supreme Court justice? 31. Name one power of the national government and one power of the state governments. 32. Why is freedom of the press an important right? 33. How does the Revolutionary War relate to the 2nd, 3rd and, 4th amendments? 34. What protections does the 8th amendment provide for people accused of crimes? 35. How can a person become a US citizen? 36. How can citizens participate in the political process? 37. Summarize amendments 13, 15,19,22 and 26.