Chapter 1 &2 - Bement High School

Study Guide
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1) The Ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia
began as command economies, in which a central
government decides what goods will be made and who
will receive them.
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2) A piece of artwork from a
particular period in history
would be considered a
primary source.
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3) In 1974 paleontologist Donald
Johanson discovered the 3.2
million-year-old partial
skeleton of an early human
ancestor named Lucy on the
continent of Africa.
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4) Historians call the time
period between A.D. 500 and
A.D. 1400 the middle ages.
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5) The state of having
understanding or knowledge –
6) The movement of people from
one place to settle in another
place – migration
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7) The set of beliefs, behaviors, and
traits shared by a group of people –
8) One half of the globe when
divided into North and South or
East and West – hemisphere
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9) A topic that is studied or a
special quality that connects
ideas – theme
10) Information, usually facts and
figures - data
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11) The address of an online
resource – URL
12) To present someone’s work as
your own without giving that
person credit – plagiarize
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13) To disobey or break a rule or
law – violate
14) Something that gives
confidence that a person is
qualified for a task – credentials
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15) the ability of people to do
work – labor
16) a map that shows land and
water features – physical map
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17) Something that is useful –
18) A map that shows the names
and borders of countries –
political map
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19) A map that shows themes or
patterns – special purpose map
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What does the law of demand
 20)
 The
lower the price of a good or
service, the more of it people will
want to buy
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21) Which essential element of
geography might be used to study
how glaciers shape the Earth’s
 Physical
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22) When were the terra – cotta
warriors discovered in China?
 A.D. 1974
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23) The East African States and
Trade map is what type of map?
 Special Purpose map
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24) Which resource was used by
early civilizations whose rulers
needed many workers for large
 labor
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25) Why were replicas of the
terra-cotta warriors created?
More people from all over the
world would be able to see
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26) The Julian calendar was not
exactly right because it
 Lost one day ever 128 years
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27) An item you purchased for
10 dollars last year costs 11
dollars this year. What is this an
example of?
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28) Because the U.S. Declaration of
Independence was signed in 1776
A.D., it would be classified as an
event that occurred in
 Modern
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29) Heinrich Schliemann
discovered an ancient city’s
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30) The Period of History that
extends from 3500 B.C. to A.D.
500 is referred to as Ancient
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31) The U.S. government provides
many freedoms. What must its
citizens do in return?
 Carry
out certain responsibilities
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32) An example of a research
project topic that might be too
narrow in its focus would be
Primary schools in London in
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33) The most important part of a history
research project is selecting a topic that
is workable.
34) Historians divide the past into larger
blocks of time known as eras.
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35) The main job of a historian
is to examine the causes or
reasons that something
happened in the past.
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36) Historical research should rely
on facts and primary sources.
37) A class of individuals with
similar characteristics is a species.
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 Europeans traded wool, gold and silver
with Asians for rare goods such as silk
and spices. Why did the Europeans
import the silk and spices?
They wanted goods that were hard to find
in their own land.