Study Guide Study Guide 1) The Ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia began as command economies, in which a central government decides what goods will be made and who will receive them. Study Guide 2) A piece of artwork from a particular period in history would be considered a primary source. Study Guide 3) In 1974 paleontologist Donald Johanson discovered the 3.2 million-year-old partial skeleton of an early human ancestor named Lucy on the continent of Africa. Study Guide 4) Historians call the time period between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1400 the middle ages. Study Guide 5) The state of having understanding or knowledge – awareness 6) The movement of people from one place to settle in another place – migration Study Guide 7) The set of beliefs, behaviors, and traits shared by a group of people – culture 8) One half of the globe when divided into North and South or East and West – hemisphere Study Guide 9) A topic that is studied or a special quality that connects ideas – theme 10) Information, usually facts and figures - data Study Guide 11) The address of an online resource – URL 12) To present someone’s work as your own without giving that person credit – plagiarize Study Guide 13) To disobey or break a rule or law – violate 14) Something that gives confidence that a person is qualified for a task – credentials Study Guide 15) the ability of people to do work – labor 16) a map that shows land and water features – physical map Study Guide 17) Something that is useful – resource 18) A map that shows the names and borders of countries – political map Study Guide 19) A map that shows themes or patterns – special purpose map Study Guide What does the law of demand say? 20) The lower the price of a good or service, the more of it people will want to buy Study Guide 21) Which essential element of geography might be used to study how glaciers shape the Earth’s surface? Physical systems Study Guide 22) When were the terra – cotta warriors discovered in China? A.D. 1974 Study Guide 23) The East African States and Trade map is what type of map? Special Purpose map Study Guide 24) Which resource was used by early civilizations whose rulers needed many workers for large projects? labor Study Guide 25) Why were replicas of the terra-cotta warriors created? More people from all over the world would be able to see them Study Guide 26) The Julian calendar was not exactly right because it Lost one day ever 128 years Study Guide 27) An item you purchased for 10 dollars last year costs 11 dollars this year. What is this an example of? Inflation Study Guide 28) Because the U.S. Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 A.D., it would be classified as an event that occurred in Modern history Study Guide 29) Heinrich Schliemann discovered an ancient city’s remains. Study Guide 30) The Period of History that extends from 3500 B.C. to A.D. 500 is referred to as Ancient History. Study guide 31) The U.S. government provides many freedoms. What must its citizens do in return? Carry out certain responsibilities Study Guide 32) An example of a research project topic that might be too narrow in its focus would be Primary schools in London in 1720. Study Guide 33) The most important part of a history research project is selecting a topic that is workable. 34) Historians divide the past into larger blocks of time known as eras. Study Guide 35) The main job of a historian is to examine the causes or reasons that something happened in the past. Study Guide 36) Historical research should rely on facts and primary sources. 37) A class of individuals with similar characteristics is a species. Study Guide Europeans traded wool, gold and silver with Asians for rare goods such as silk and spices. Why did the Europeans import the silk and spices? They wanted goods that were hard to find in their own land.