The Winds of War Compromise and concession Slavery and territory Wilmot Proviso prohibited slavery in any territory gained from the Mexican War. Defeated in the Senate by Southern Senators Election of 1848 Democrats: General Lew Cass promoted the idea of popular sovereignty. Whigs: Zachary Taylor Hero of the Mexican War No previous political experience. Slave owner A New Party and election results Free Soil Party Anti-slavery third party. Martin Van Buren ran. Diverted enough votes away from Cass in New York to give Taylor the election. California as bargaining chip Gold rush hits in early 1848. Lawlessness demands need for government. Citizens draft a constitution, outlawing slavery, and submit it straight to Congress. Southern concerns ??? Upsetting the apple cart. Compromise of 1850 Last hurrah for Clay, Calhoun and Webster. Clay, the “great pacificator” engineers a new compromise. Supported by Webster and a new figure: Stephen A. Douglas. They urge concessions on both sides. Calhoun pleas to leave the South alone, return runaway slaves and restore the political balance. (2 prez) More ………... Webster’s Seventh of March speech. Urges concessions to the South including a strong fugitive slave act. “God already passed the Wilmot Proviso” Remember his stance on the Union. The nuts and bolts of the Compromise of 1850 What did the North get out of it? California as a free state. Territory disputed by New Mexico and Texas goes to New Mexico. Abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia. What did the South get out of it? Mexican Cession territory to be open to popular sovereignty. Texas receives $10 million as compensation. A stronger Fugitive Slave Law (replaced the Act of 1793) Fugitive Slave Act Replaced the 1793 Law. Required Northern assistance in returning slaves. “Crooked” courts…the 5/10 split. Energized moderate abolitionists and furthered the cause. That’s, that’s all folks………….