Determining the Density of Unknown Liquids

```Determining the Density of Unknown
Liquids
Pre-Lab Questions:
1. What is an intensive property? List five intensive properties.
2. What is the density of water? What is the mass of 10 ml of water?
3. Using the concept of density, explain how metal boats are able to float on water.
Background: One of the most important intensive properties of matter is the density.
Intensive properties are those that do not depend on the amount of the substance present.
These are especially important to help determine the identity of a substance. In other
words, the density of a substance can be crucial in determining the identity of an
unknown substance. Here is a table of some common substances and their densities.
Density Table
Substance
air
ice
water
sea water
ethanol
aluminum
glycerol
iron
silver
Isopropyl alcohol
Density g/cm3
0.0013
0.917
1.00
1.03
0.790
2.70
1.261
7.86
10.50
0.786
Purpose: Determine the identity of three unknown liquids based on your calculations of
density.
Safety information: Whenever you are dealing with substances you cannot identify, you
must exercise extreme caution. Wear your goggles at all times during this lab and wash
Materials
1 250 mL beaker
Calculator
Substances A, B, C
Procedure:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Pour approximately 100 ml of substance A into a 250mL beaker.
Use a graduated cylinder to measure 10 mL of Substance A.
Measure the mass of the 10mL of Substance A.
Determine the density of this amount of the substance.
Repeat steps 2-4 using 20mL of Substance A.
Repeat steps 2-4 using 30mL of Substance A.
Return Substance A to the appropriate “Source beaker” and rinse your 250mL
beaker thoroughly.
8. Pour approximately 100 mL of Substance B into your 250 mL beaker.
9. Repeat steps 2-7 using Substance B.
10. Again repeat steps 2-7 but now use Substance C.
Questions to Consider (Conclusion)
1. Use the density table on this lab to identify your three substances. Verify your guesses