Timeline of the Meiji Period (1868-1912) 1868 Emperor Mutsuhito creates the Five Charter Oath that ends exclusive rule by the bakufu and introduces a more democratic government. 1870 A family register system identifies the Ainu as being Japanese, no longer recognizing them as a distinct people. 1889 The Constitution of the Empire of Japan creates the Imperial Diet, elected House of Representatives and the House of Peers. 1885 Yukichi Fukuzawa writes an essay "Leaving Asia"arguing that Japan should become one of the civilized countries of the world. His writing influences many economic and technological developments. During this period, Japan employs over 3000 foreign experts and sends many Japanese students overseas to seek new knowledge. Japan takes control of much of Asia’s market for manufactured goods, especially textiles. Ainu people are forced to farm government plots or work in the fishing industry and their language is outlawed. Government-sponsored telegraph cable links are established in all major Japanese cities.