Anatomy Test

Form A
Objective 1: Students will be able to define anatomy and physiology
1. What is Anatomy?
2. What is Physiology?
3. __________________________ is the study of the human body by organ
systems, and this is how we study anatomy.
Objective 2: Students will be able to describe the seven levels of organization of the
body, and give the major characteristics of each level.
Please provide the missing level of organization, or explain/give an example.
1. Chemical 2. This level contains small structures within cells that have specific functions
3. Cell 4. This level consists of a group of cells
5. Organ 6. This level is classified as a group of organs b/c they have a common set of functions
7. Organism Objective 3: Students will be able to identify and describe the organ systems and
give the major functions of each.
Please list 5 organ systems and describe their major functions/characteristics of each
Objective 4: Students will be able to describe the characteristics of life.
Please either list the characteristics of life or describe the one given, as related to the
human body.
1. Metabolism +6
2. This characteristic of life refers to the formation of new cells or even a new
3. Responsiveness 4. This characteristic of life is the parts of an organism (such as yourself) have specific
relationships to each other (like you as well :-) and those parts interact to perform specific
5. Growth 6. This characteristic of life pertains to the change in cell structure and function from
generalized to specific (i.e. from an embryonic stem cell to a liver cell)
Form A
Objective 5: Students will be able define homeostasis and explain why it is
1. What is homeostasis?
2. Give an example of how the body maintains homeostasis.
Objective 6: Students will be able to diagram a negative-feedback mechanism and a
positive-feedback mechanism, and describe their relationship to homeostasis.
1. During physical exercise, respiration rate increases. What mechanism is active in
the body?
2. Why?
3. Diagram/graph a positive-feedback mechanism, when heart rate increases.
4. Diagram/graph a negative-feedback mechanism, when blood pressure increases.
Objective 7: Students will be able to use directional terms for the human body in
order to locate specific body structures, as well as describe a person in the
anatomical position.
The wrist is __________ to the elbow.
When a boy is standing on his head, his nose is ________ to his mouth.
The forearm is ____________ to the arm.
Your knee is ____________ to your ankle.
Your navel is _____________ to your nose.
Your ears are _____________ to your eyes.
Your chin is __________and __________ to your neck.
Your breastbone is _____________ to your heart.
Objective 8: Students will be able to name and describe the major planes of the
body and an organ.
+6 4/5 =
1. This plane separates the body into superior and inferior parts
2. This plane separates the body into posterior and anterior parts
3. This plane separates the body into left and right parts
4. Insert/draw a cut through the intestine showing an oblique section
5. Insert/draw a cut through the intestine showing a longitudinal section
6. Insert/draw a cut through the intestine showing a transverse section
Form A
Objective 9: Students will be able to identify the regions and parts of the body,
including the major cavities and serous membranes.
1. The ____________________cavity is bound primarily by the abdominal muscles and
the superior bones of the pelvis.
2. Cavity surrounded by the rib cage, bounded inferiorly by the diaphragm, and divided
into right and left parts by the mediastinum is called the __________________ cavity.
3. The urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs will be found in the
____________________ cavity.
4. The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominal cavity by the ________________.
5. The _________________________ is a midline area/partition that divides the thoracic
cavity into right and left sides/parts and contains the heart.
6. The _______________
membrane immediately surrounds each
7. The ______________
______________ membrane surrounds the outer edge of
the cavity that surrounds the heart.
Diagram +5