Imperialism and World War I 1. Throughout the 1800's, an increased

Imperialism and World War I
1. Throughout the 1800’s, an increased need for both raw materials and new markets for
manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue policies of
2. Which statement best describes President Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy position
toward Latin America in the early 1900’s?
A. The United States should reduce its involvement in Latin American affairs.
B. The Monroe Doctrine permits the United States to intervene actively in the affairs of
Latin American nations.
C. Latin American nations should form an organization to help them achieve political and
economic stability.
D. The United States should give large amounts of financial aid to help the poor of Latin
3. Which argument was used to support United States acquisition of overseas possessions
in the late 1800’s?
A. The United States needed to obtain raw materials and new markets.
B. The spread of Marxist ideas had to be stopped because they threatened world peace.
C. The United States should be the first world power to build a colonial empire.
D. The doctrine of Manifest Destiny had become obsolete.
4. Why was building the Panama Canal important?
It made travel between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans more efficient.
It protected business interest in Panama.
It proved that the United States was the world police.
It improved foreign relations with nations around the world.
“But today we are raising more than we can consume. Today we are making more than we
can use. Today our industrial society is congested; there are more workers than there is
work; there is more capital than there is investment. We do not need more money—we
need more circulation, more employment. Therefore, we must find new markets for our
produce, new occupation for our capital, new work for our labor. . . .” — Senator Albert J.
Beveridge, 1898
5. This statement provides a reason why political leaders of the late 1800s adopted the
policy of
collective security
6. Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare
war on Spain in 1898?
isolationist policy
labor union pressure
yellow journalism
unrestricted submarine warfare
7. Which generalization is consistent with the ruling of the United States Supreme Court in
Schenck v. United States?
The freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights are virtually unlimited
Government has the right to suspend any rights at any time.
Individual rights can be limited in the national interest
The balance between individual rights and the general social welfare almost always
favors individual rights.
8. The terms listed above are:
A. effects of the war
C. Political scandals
B. causes of the war
D. Spanish atrocities
Use the map and your knowledge of history to answer the following question.
9. In 1898, what international conflict occurred?
A. Cuban was in a revolution for their independence
B. World War I started
C. the eruption of the Spanish-American War
D. Havana became part of Cuba
10. American foreign policy in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s was
influenced by ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A. Roosevelt Corollary.
B. Dollar Diplomacy.
C. Monroe Doctrine.
D. Laissez-faire
Use the map and your knowledge of history to answer question 11.
11. This event caused President McKinley to declare war with Spain?
A the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine
B. the Spaniards attacking Cuba
C the attack on San Juan Hill
D. the destruction of the Spanish fleet
12. The main theme of the Roosevelt Corollary was:
A. The neighbors of the United States could not enter entangling
agreements with foreign governments.
B. The United States would establish itself as a world power
C. The United States would protect its neighbors against any foreign
D. All of the above.
Please read the quote and answer question 13.
“By far the most important action I took in foreign affairs….related to the
Panama Canal. Here again there was much accusation about my having acted in
an unconstitutional manner… and at different stages of the affair believers in a
do nothing policy denounced me as having an unsurped authority---which
meant, that when nobody else could or would exercise efficient authority, I
exercised it.”
Teddy Roosevelt
13. Based upon this reading, which ideology did Teddy Roosevelt
A. Anti-Imperialism
B. Populism
C. Progressivism
D. Imperialism
14. Which United States President championed imperialism?
A. Teddy Roosevelt
B. Calvin Coolidge
C. Woodrow Wilson
D. William McKinley
15. In 1898, President McKinley signed a treaty annexing this state for
its sugar market. It was also admitted to the United States as the
50th state. What state is being described?
A. Puerto Rico
C. Montana
B. Louisiana
D. Hawaii
“In our infancy we bordered upon the Atlantic only; our youth
carried our boundary to the Gulf of Mexico; today, maturity sees
us upon the Pacific. Whether they will it or not, Americans must
now begin to look outward.”
16. This statement can best illustrate the beliefs of which movement?
A. Imperialist
C. Progressive
B. Anti-Imperialist
D. Populist
17. The United States became interested in expanding overseas in the
late 19th century. Most of their motivation was solely based on:
A. To create new alliances and defend old ones.
B. To obtain new lands for leisure and travel.
C. The need for raw materials and new markets to sell their goods.
D. To spread Christianity.
18. Why did the United States favor building a canal across Panama?
A. It would help Latin America prosper.
B. Because it would reduce the cost of shipping on freight being
linked from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
C. It would make the United States the international police.
D. It would help increase the spread of Christianity in Latin
American countries.
“His majesty the Emperor of all the Russias agrees to cede to the United
States…..all the territory and dominion now possessed by his said majesty on
the continent of the America and in the adjacent islands…..”
19. This quote is discussing the transaction made by the United States
purchasing land that became our 49th state. What track of land is
the passage describing?
A. Alaska
B. Hawaii
C. Louisiana
D. California
“This lawful government……was overthrown without the drawing of a sword or
the firing of a shot by the process every step of which…is directly traceable
to…the United States acting through its diplomatic and naval representatives…I
instructed Minister Willis to advise the Queen and her supporters of my desire
to aid in the restoration of the status existing before the lawless landing of the
United States forces…..”
20. The rebellion being discussed was located in:
A. Hawaii
C. Puerto Rico
B. Cuba
D. Guam
21. This is when the United States pumps money into the economy to make the
nation stronger and in doing so, hopes to not have to send military aid. This is:
A. Dollar Diplomacy
C. Roosevelt Corollary
B. Monroe Doctrine
D. Moral Diplomacy
22. The United States declared that all countries should be able to trade in China on
equal terms. This was known as:
A. spheres of influence
C. Bayonet Constitution
B. Open Door policy
D. favorable Balance of Trade
23. The Monroe Doctrine was updated with the___________. This doctrine
still applies today and established the United States as the “international
Police.” What is being described?
A. Roosevelt Corollary
C. Bayonet Constitution
B. Jones Act
D. Moral Diplomacy
24. President Woodrow Wilson proposed an international peace plan that
ended secret treaties or alliances, granted freedom of the seas,
disarmament of the Central Powers and self-determination.
What was the name of this plan?
A. the Wilson Doctrine
B. the Wilson Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
C. the Fourteen Points
D. the Treaty of Versailles
25. After the First World War, what did President Wilson promote by touring the nation in
a railroad train?
A. tourism
B. the League of Nations
C. the Wilson Doctrine
D. the Wilson Corollary
26. In what year did Germany sink the Lusitania?
A. 1914
C. 1917
B. 1915
D. 1918
27. In what year did the United States enter the war?
A. 1914
C. 1916
B. 1915
D. 1917
28. This Supreme Court case established the “Clear and present danger
doctrine” limiting 1st Amendment rights after 16,000 letters were
written to drafted men urging them not to show up for duty. What
case was this?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
C. Scottsboro Case
B. Miranda v. Arizona
D. Schenck v. United States
29. Which of the following Presidents led the United States into and
Out of World War I?
A. Warren G. Harding
C. Teddy Roosevelt
B. Woodrow Wilson
D. William McKinley
30. Which of the following is true about the Great Migration?
A. Mexicans were encouraged to move North for job opportunities
B. African Americans were encouraged to move north for jobs
C. Women were encouraged to move to areas where there were
job shortages
D. All of the above
31. The Zimmerman Telegram was a coded message that was sent to
Mexico from:
32. Which of the following statements is NOT correct about the United States
government during World War I?
A. The government established the Committee of Public Information to promote patriotism.
B. The government established the National Security League which promoted patriotic
C. The government encouraged rationing and started daylight savings time.
D. The government failed to employ the draft system.
Examine the chart and answer question 33-34.
Submarine Sinkings 1917-1918
Tonnage Sank
No Information
No Information
33. What is the BEST possible title for this chart?
A. Militarism draws nations into war
B. U-Boats assault the Allies
C. Imperialism causes rivals
D. Nationalism created enemies
34. According to the graph, what was the main reason the United
States entered World War I?
A. Unrestricted submarine warfare
B. The sinking of the Lusitania
C. The Zimmerman Telegram
D. All of the above
35. What event started World War I?
A. Assassination of Austrian Archduke Frances Ferdinand.
B. Disagreement between Russia and Poland.
C. Serbian Nationalist assassinated a German Prince.
D. French Premier made an alliance with Italy.
36. Which statement BEST reflects Woodrow Wilson’s mobilization
of the home front during World War I?
A. The government followed the philosophy of laissez-fairre.
B. Businesses and the military had no functional relationship.
C. Many businesses aided the Central Powers.
D. Government regulation of the economy was extensive.
37. 120+ Americans were killed when the British passenger liner
the ________ was sunk by German U-boats.
A. Lusitania
C. Arizona
B. Sussex
D. Maine
Please read the following quote and answer question 38.
“What we demand in this war, therefore, is nothing peculiar to ourselves. It is that the world be made
fit and safe to live in; and particularly that it be made safe for every peace-loving nation which, like
our own, wishes to live its own life, to determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair
dealing by the other peoples of the world against force and selfish aggression.”
38. Who is the author and source of the quote?
David Lloyd George, British War Plan
Georges Clemenceau, French Surrender Treaty
Vittorio Orlando, War Declaration
Woodrow Wilson, 14 Point Plan
39. _____________ was Woodrow Wilson’s plan for permanent peace
after World War I.
A. Versailles Treaty
B. 14 Point Plan
C. League of Nations
D. Article 10
40. During World War I the federal government asked the United
States citizens to:
A. buy Victory and Liberty Bonds
B. Ration specific foods
C. Conserve fuel
D. All of the above
41. Who was the leader of the Republican opposition to the
League of Nations?
A. John J. Pershing
C. William Gibbs McAdoo
B. Henry Cabot Lodge
D. Warren G. Harding
42. What action caused the United States to enter World War I?
A. The invasion of France
B. Resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare
C. The sending of the Zimmerman Note
D. Sinking of the Lusitania
43. Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Point Plan included:
A. Freedom of the Seas
B. Freedom of all colonies
C. World disarmament
D. Equal trading rights of all nations
44. During World War I which nation was involved with a revolution
and overthrow of government?
A. Russia
C. Italy
B. France
D. Germany
45. What was the major turning point of the war in 1917?
A. Russian withdrew from the war and the United States entered.
B. Italy was totally defeated and became a German colony.
C. German U-boats kept Great Britain from receiving supplies.
D. Germany withdrew from the war.
46. Which statement is true about the Treaty of Versailles?
A. Great Britain received all of Germany’s colonies overseas.
B. Germany was not punished.
C. It included most of Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Point Plan.
D. The Central Powers were all carved into new geographical
47. The draft was established by:
A. War Industries Board
C. Selective Service Act
B. Council of National Defense D. Espionage & Sedition Act
48. Which statement is NOT true about women during the war?
A. women’s efforts during the war helped persuade Americans to
support the 19th Amendment
B. women were asked to fill jobs left open by the men who had left
for war
C. Women were affected very little by the war
D. women who did not work rationed and encourage the war effort
49. Congressmen who did not ratify the peace treaty were called:
A. Reservationist
C. Democrats
B. irreconcilables
D. Progressives
50. The 14 Point Plan in Wilson’s document established:
A. the League of Nations
B. the United Nations