Name___________________________________________ Block_________ Biology Unit 5 DNA Science and Technology Learning Objectives DNA Science and Technology Content Objectives 5.1.1 Diagram and label the basic structure of DNA; describe who first developed the structure. 5.1.2 Define key terms including nucleotide, gene, codon, anticodon, 5.1.3 Describe the purpose, process and product of replication, including the role of enzymes. 5.1.4 Describe the purpose, process and product of transcription, including the role of enzymes. 5.1.7 Describe the purpose, process and product of translation. 5.1.5 Describe and illustrate how the code of DNA is translated into messenger RNA and is utilized to synthesize a particular protein (central dogma). 5.1.6 Explain how messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA are involved in the transcription of translation of genes. 5.1.7 Discuss how eukaryotes regulate transcription of genes. Relate gene regulation and mutations. 5.1.8 Explain how a mutation may affect a protein’s shape and function. 5.1.9 Describe how selective breeding is used to produce organisms with desired traits. 5.1.10 Explain why test crosses are used in selective breeding; predict the phenotype of offspring from a test cross. 5.1.11 Define genetic engineering; explain several applications. 5.1.12 Describe how recombinant DNA is made and manipulate, including the role of restriction enzymes. 5.1.13 Describe the components of the human genome; explain how information from the human genome can be used to diagnose and treat human disease. 5.1.14 Explain how scientists use DNA fingerprinting in many applications. 5.1.15 Describe the purpose of cloning and several applications. College Readiness Skills 5.2.1 Create a model to illustrate the DNA structure, DNA replication and protein synthesis. 20E.1 Select a simple hypothesis, prediction, or conclusion that is supported by a data presentation or model. 24E.2 Identify key issues or assumptions in a model. 13I.1 Select a single piece of data (numerical or nonnumerical) from a simple data presentation. 16I.3 Find basic information in a brief body of text. 16I.4 Determine how the value of one variable changes as the value of another variable changes in a simple data presentation. 20I.3 Translate information into a table, graph or diagram. Biology Unit 5 DNA Science and Technology – Chapter 12 and 13 Score Activity Lab #14 Modeling DNA and Protein Synthesis Lab #15 DNA Extraction Lab #16 DNA Fingerprinting How Genes Work Deciphering Genetic Code The Power of Genes Decoding DNA Cloning Webquest Not Guilty Race Without Color Text book review questions Activities Total DNA Science and Technology test Description Manipulating building materials to model DNA structure, DNA replication, and protein synthesis Extracting DNA from a mixture of fuit Virtual lab about solving a crime by using DNA fingerprints Practice for learning DNA structure Practice decoding DNA and RNA Video questions that focus on DNA technology Cooperative practice decoding sample DNA molecule and the insulin gene Virtual exploration of the cloning process Article describing the use of DNA to help solve a crime and free a wrongly accused prisoner Article describing the connection between genetics and race Section Assessments: P. 332 2-5; P. 3351,2,4; P. 341 1-4; P. 349 1,2,4,7; P. 362 1,3-6; P. 371 1,3,4 P. 379 1-4 Unit test covering all objectives, homework, activities, labs, and lectures *All answers should be written in logical statements or sentences, do not answer with a letter or single word.