CIVICS AND ECONOMICS FINAL EXAM

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CIVICS AND ECONOMICS FINAL EXAM
Study Guide
GOAL 1
1. Constitutional Convention and the Great Compromise
2. Differences in the beliefs of the Federalists and Anti Federalists.
3. Why did Britain crack down on the Colonies after 1763?
4. The contribution of the Mayflower Compact and House of Burgesses to the
development of democracy in America.
5. The political, economics and cultural differences between the New England,
middle and southern colonies.
6. The Northwest Ordinance and its effect on the development of the western
territories.
7. Characteristics of democracy.
8. 1st Amendment freedoms
9. 5th Amendment and due process
10. 6th Amendment and the right to an attorney
GOAL 2
1. US Supreme Court
a. Appointed by __________, confirmed/approved by ________.
b. Jurisdiction
2. Examples of federalism, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances and their
purpose in the US Constitution.
3. Census
4. Electoral College
a. Purpose
b. How is the number of votes a state gets determined?
c. What happens if no candidate gets 270 electoral votes?
5. Internal Revenue Service
6. Judicial Review
7. Due Process
8. 13th, 15th 19th, 23 and 26th Amendments
9. Miranda vs. Arizona
10. Marbury vs. Madison
11. Gideon vs. Wainwright
12. Plessy vs. Ferguson
13. Mapp vs. Ohio
14. Brown vs. Topeka BOE
15. Korematsu vs. US
16. Tinker vs. Des Moines
17. NJ vs. TLO
18. Which branch of government makes the laws?
GOAL 3
1. State vs. Mann
2. Leandro vs. NC
3. Annexation
4. How do you become a judge on the NC Court?
5. Referendum
6. Referendum and the NC Constitution
7. Convicted felons lose some of their citizenship rights including the right to vote.
8. Taxes
a. Local governments collect property taxes
b. State governments collect Income and sales taxes.
c. The Federal government collects income taxes.
GOAL 4
1. Political Action Committees
2. Primary Election
3. General Election
4. Voter apathy
GOAL 5 AND 6
1. Examples of state and federal crimes
2. Adversary system of justice
3. NC Courts and their jurisdiction
4. The State troopers’ primary responsibility is the Interstate highways.
a. The Sheriff’s primary responsibility is the area outside of the city limits.
b. The jurisdiction of the city police is within the city limits.
5. Steps in a criminal case
6. Purpose of lobbyists
7. Rehabilitation and the prison system
8. Who is the plaintiff in a civil case?
9. Examples of administrative, constitutional, statutory and common law.
GOAL 7
1. Characteristics of
a. Market Economy
b. Command Economy
c. Traditional Economy
d. Mixed Economies
2. Human Capital
3. Entrepreneurship and the factors of production
4. Opportunity costs
5. Trade offs
6. Law of diminishing returns
7. Division of labor and specialization
8. The relationship between scarcity and choices.
GOAL 8
1. Perfect competition
2. Monopoly
3. Budget surplus
4. Budget deficit
5. Law of Demand
6. Law of Supply
7. Horizontal merger
8. Vertical merger
9. Credit cards and interest
10. Labor Unions and collective bargaining
11. Advantages and disadvantages of businesses owned as a
a. Sole Proprietorships
b. Partnerships
c. Corporations
GOAL 9
1. NAFTA
2. Examples of progressive and regressive taxes
3. Income taxes are the federal government’s greatest source of revenue.
4. Free trade vs. trade restrictions (tariffs and quotas) of protectionism
5. Consumer Price Index (CPI)
6. Contraction in the business cycle
7. Causes of inflation
8. Federal Reserve and the money supply
GOAL 10
1. The relationship and education and earning power.
2. Examples of duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
3. Tossed Salad theory-Various ethnic groups come to a country, but keep many of
the values and customs of their previous country.
4. E. Pluribus Unum-Latin for “out of 1 many”
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