CIVICS AND ECONOMICS FINAL EXAM

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CIVICS AND ECONOMICS FINAL EXAM

Study Guide

GOAL 1

1.

Constitutional Convention and the Great Compromise

2.

3.

4.

Differences in the beliefs of the Federalists and Anti Federalists.

Why did Britain crack down on the Colonies after 1763?

The contribution of the Mayflower Compact and House of Burgesses to the

5.

development of democracy in America.

The political, economics and cultural differences between the New England, middle and southern colonies.

6.

The Northwest Ordinance and its effect on the development of the western territories.

7.

8.

Characteristics of democracy.

1 st

Amendment freedoms

9.

5 th

10.

6 th

Amendment and due process

Amendment and the right to an attorney

GOAL 2

1.

US Supreme Court a.

Appointed by __________, confirmed/approved by ________. b.

Jurisdiction

2.

Examples of federalism, Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances and their purpose in the US Constitution.

3.

4.

Census

Electoral College a.

b.

Purpose

How is the number of votes a state gets determined? c.

What happens if no candidate gets 270 electoral votes?

Internal Revenue Service 5.

6.

Judicial Review

7.

8.

Due Process

13 th

, 15 th

19 th

, 23 and 26 th

Amendments

9.

Miranda vs. Arizona

10.

Marbury vs. Madison

11.

Gideon vs. Wainwright

12.

Plessy vs. Ferguson

13.

Mapp vs. Ohio

14.

Brown vs. Topeka BOE

15.

Korematsu vs. US

16.

Tinker vs. Des Moines

17.

NJ vs. TLO

18.

Which branch of government makes the laws?

GOAL 3

1.

State vs. Mann

2.

3.

Leandro vs. NC

Annexation

4.

5.

How do you become a judge on the NC Court?

Referendum

6.

7.

8.

Referendum and the NC Constitution

Convicted felons lose some of their citizenship rights including the right to vote.

Taxes a.

b.

c.

Local governments collect property taxes

State governments collect Income and sales taxes.

The Federal government collects income taxes.

GOAL 4

1.

Political Action Committees

2.

3.

4.

Primary Election

General Election

Voter apathy

GOAL 5 AND 6

1.

2.

Examples of state and federal crimes

Adversary system of justice

3.

4.

NC Courts and their jurisdiction

The State troopers’ primary responsibility is the Interstate highways. a.

b.

The Sheriff’s primary responsibility is the area outside of the city limits.

The jurisdiction of the city police is within the city limits.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Steps in a criminal case

Purpose of lobbyists

Rehabilitation and the prison system

Who is the plaintiff in a civil case?

Examples of administrative, constitutional, statutory and common law.

GOAL 7

1.

Characteristics of a.

Market Economy

2.

3.

4.

5.

b.

c.

d.

Command Economy

Traditional Economy

Mixed Economies

Human Capital

Entrepreneurship and the factors of production

Opportunity costs

Trade offs

6.

7.

8.

Law of diminishing returns

Division of labor and specialization

The relationship between scarcity and choices.

GOAL 8

1.

2.

3.

4.

Perfect competition

Monopoly

Budget surplus

Budget deficit

5.

6.

Law of Demand

Law of Supply

7.

8.

9.

Horizontal merger

Vertical merger

Credit cards and interest

10.

Labor Unions and collective bargaining

11.

Advantages and disadvantages of businesses owned as a a.

b.

c.

Sole Proprietorships

Partnerships

Corporations

GOAL 9

NAFTA 1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Examples of progressive and regressive taxes

Income taxes are the federal government’s greatest source of revenue.

Free trade vs. trade restrictions (tariffs and quotas) of protectionism

Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Contraction in the business cycle

Causes of inflation

Federal Reserve and the money supply

GOAL 10

1.

2.

The relationship and education and earning power.

Examples of duties and responsibilities of citizenship.

3.

Tossed Salad theory-Various ethnic groups come to a country, but keep many of the values and customs of their previous country.

4.

E. Pluribus Unum-Latin for “out of 1 many”

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