Biology 112 Chapter 9

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Biology 110 Chapter 9
1. An enlargement of the thyroid gland is known as a(n) ______________________.
2. Protruding eyes resulting from hyperthyroidism is called ___________________________.
3. Uncontrollable muscle spasms caused by lack of calcium is called _____________________.
4. Aldosterone is a type of _____________________________.
5. The enzyme produced by the kidneys when blood pressure drops, thereby causing the release of
aldosterone, is called ___________________________________.
6. Male sex hormones are called _______________________________.
7. Another name for epinephrine is ________________________________.
8. Insulin and glucagon are produced by _____________________ ________________ __________.
9. Insulin is produced by the ______________ _____________ of the pancreatic islets.
10. Insulin decreases blood glucose level, therefore it is said to be ____________________________.
_____1. Hormone concentrations are USUALLY regulated by _______.
a. positive feedback mechanisms
b. negative feedback mechanisms
c. neurological control
d. hypothalmic control
e. tropic hormone control
_____2. The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients is
called _____________________ stimulus.
a. hormonal
b. humoral
c. cell-mediated
d. neural
e. steroid
_____3. Tropic hormones ____________.
a. stimulate the pineal gland
c. stimulate other endocrine glands
e. stimulate prostaglandins
b. stimulate the thymus gland
d. stimulate nervous tissue
_____4. Which of the following is NOT an anterior pituitary hormone?
a. prolactin
b. adrenocorticotropic hormone
c. follicle-stimulating hormone
d. antidiuretic hormone
e. interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
_____5. Which of the following is NOT produced by the hypothalamus?
a. releasing hormones
b. inhibiting hormones
c. thyroid-stimulating hormone
d. antidiuretic hormone
e. oxytocin
_____6. Which of the following hormones exerts its effect primarily on the reproductive organs?
a. follicle-stimulating hormone
b. adrenocorticotropic hormone
c. prolactin
d. thyroid-stimulating hormone
e. growth hormone
_____7. Which of the following is NOT a thyroid hormone?
a. thyroxine
b. calcitonin
c. T3
d. parathormone
e. T4
_____8. The antagonist to calcitonin is ________.
a. prolactin
c. parathormone
e. thyroxine
b. melatonin
d. aldosterone
_____9. Tetany indicates a malfunction of the ______________.
a. pineal gland
b. thymus
c. parathyroid glands
d. adrenal cortex
e. posterior pituitary
____10. Insulin has a(n) ______________________ effect.
a. hypoglycemic
b. hyperglycemic
c. enzymatic
d. neurologic
e. tropic
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