Chapter 29 Objectives- Civil Rights (1954-1968) U.S. History- Moberg 1954 1955 Brown v. Board Montgomery of Education bus boycott decision orders begins. the desegregation of public schools. 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower is reelected. 1957 School desegregation crisis occurs in Little Rock, Arkansas. 1959 Fidel Castro assumes power in Cuba. 1960 John F. Kennedy is elected president. 1962 South African civil rights leader Nelson Mandela is imprisoned. 1963 Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president upon John F. Kennedy’s assasination. 1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected president. Congress passes the Civil Rights Act. 1967 Race riots occur in major U.S. cities. 1968 Richard M. Nixon is elected president. 1969 U.S. astronauts walk on the moon. Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated. Tet offensive begins in Vietnam. Section One: Activism and a series of Supreme Court decisions advanced equal rights for African Americans in the 1950s and 1960s. 1. 2. 3. 4. Explain how legalized segregation deprived African Americans of their rights as citizens. Summarize civil rights legal activity and the response to the Plessy and Brown cases. Trace Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s civil rights activities, beginning with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Describe the expansion of the civil rights movement. Section Two: Civil rights activists broke through racial barriers. Their activism prompted landmark legislation. 1. 2. 3. 4. Identify the goal of the freedom riders. Explain how civil rights activism forced President Kennedy to act against segregation. State the motives of the 1963 March on Washington. Describe the tactics used by civil rights organizations to secure passage of the Voting Rights Act. Section Three: Disagreements among civil rights groups and the rise of black nationalism created a violent period in the fight for civil rights. 1. 2. 3. 4. Compare segregation in the North with segregation in the South. Identify the leaders who shaped the Black Power movement. Describe the reaction to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Summarize the accomplishments of the civil rights movement. Civil Rights: pp. 930-931 1. Trace (via a timeline) the evolution of civil rights.