The Unique Tourism Product Characteristics that make tourism a

The Unique Tourism Product
Characteristics that make tourism a unique product:
Tourism is intangible. It consists of experiences and memories. There must be
a high degree of trust between the seller and the consumer.
Travel is a costly product. Consumers expect quality for their vacation since
they save up for it over a period of time.
Tourism products are highly perishable. Tourism professionals are selling
time. For example millennium celebrations had to be promoted to be sold. It
was a once in a life time experience so the tourism industry wanted to take
advantage of its uniqueness. Another example would be airline seats that are
not sold. Every empty seat means lost revenue. That is why airlines have seat
sales and last-minute discounts.
The tourism product cannot be stored. The tourism industry takes advantage
when demand is high (i.e. trips south in the winter).
There is a fixed supply of the product and it cannot be easily altered. A hotel
is only so large!
The tourism product is highly seasonal. For example Oaklawn Farm closes in
mid-November so they must make as much revenue during the in-season.
The use of the product is curbed by time restraints. Most people do not have
endless vacations.
The quality of the individual product often depends on factors beyond the
control of the seller. For example, while a hotel may offer exceptional service,
etc., the tourist may have encountered a rude customs agent when he/she
arrived in the country.
In addition to the constraints listed above, tourism marketing agencies must also consider
the “elasticity of demand”. If a product has an inelastic demand people will purchase it
not matter what the price. The purchase of gas is a good example. However elastic
demand is price sensitive. The lower the price, the more the demand. For example, during
the millennium celebrations overpriced motel rooms were left unsold and huge parties
were cancelled due to poor sales.