Poetry terms to know 1. Alliteration -­‐ The repetition of initial consonants He clasps the crag with crooked hands 2. Allustion – reference to a historical event or work of literature “Banererges” is a biblical translation means “Sons of Thunder” 3. Assonance – the repetition of vowel sounds WITHIN words A huge Blueness in the air 4. Consonance – the repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words A Brick in her back yard 5. Hyperbole-­‐ exaggeration for emphasis Make a mountain out of a molehill 6. Imagery-­‐ words or phrases that appeal to the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell and help create mental images 7. Internal Rhyme-­‐ rhyme that occurs within a line 8. Line – unit of poetry signaled by a break 9. Metaphor – figure of speech in which a word or phrase used to describe one thing is used to describe a different thing (without using like or as) 10. Onomatopoeia – technique of using words that imitate sounds 11. Personification – figure of speech in which an animal, object, or idea is given human qualities/characteristics 12. Repetition – the repeating of a sound, word, phrase or line 13. Rhyme – two or more words that end with the same or similar sounds 14. Rhythm – a pattern of sound created by the arrangement of stresses and unstressed syllables in words 15. Similie – figure of speech that directly compares two or more unlike things by using the words like or as 16. Stanza – group of lines that form a section of a poem 17. Symbol-­‐ a person, place, object, or action that stands for something else beyond itself.