Great Awakening 1730s - 1740s What was the Great Awakening? Religious revival movement. Evangelicalism-- “new birth” is the ultimate religious experience. Followers accept that they are sinners and ask for salvation. Before the Great Awakening Before 1730s, most colonies had established religions: Congregationalists in New England (basically Puritans) Anglicans in New York and Southern Colonies (same as Church of England) “Old Lights” vs. “New Lights” Churches that grew as a result of the Great Awakening: Presbyterianism, Methodism, Baptism (“New Lights”) Great Awakening challenged authority and hierarchy of established churches (“Old Lights:” Congregationalists and Anglicans). Great Awakening said anyone could be converted or “born again”; you didn’t need traditional church leadership to decide whether or not you belong. Leaders of the Great Awakening George Whitefield Jonathan Edwards Today’s Question: Why was George Whitefield so popular?