Directed Reading Activity (DRA) I. Strategy: Directed Reading Activity (DRA) II. Type of Strategy: Comprehension III. Type of Text: Fiction and Nonfiction IV. Grade Level: K-5 V. Type of Learner: Intensive, Strategic, Proficient, Advanced VI. Purpose of Using Strategy: Directed Reading Activity uses the text to help students make, verify, and adjust predictions. VII. Steps: 1. Teacher introduces the text to the students before beginning to read. 2. Teacher shows the cover of the text and asks the students to make predictions based on the title and pictures. 3. Teacher reads the text to a specific point, students share with shoulder partners providing information to confirm or reject their predictions. 4. Teacher continues reading, teacher pauses, stopping at different points to repeat Step 3. 5. After reading, students individually reflect on their predictions and write a one page summary or by drawing a picture to represent the main idea of the text (K – 1). VIII. Tips: 1. Provide a follow-up activity to link important ideas and extensions. IX. Resources: Tompkins, Gail E. 50 Literacy Strategies Step by Step, Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, 2nd Ed.