Review Question #26 • What was event #1 for causes leading to the Civil War? Why was this event challenged after the war with Mexico? Event #2 • The Compromise of 1850 • The proposed plan had 5 parts to it, Henry Clay: – Urged Congress to let California enter the Union as a free state – Called for the rest of the Mexican Session to be organized as federal territories • Popular Sovereignty would decide the status of slavery in these territories Compromise of 1850 Cont. – Called for Texas to give up its claim to all the land east of the upper Rio Grande. In exchange the federal government would pay Texas’s debt from their fight for independence – Called for an end of the slave trade – not slavery – in the country's capital (Washington, D.C) – Called for a new, more effective slave law The Compromise of 1850 The North Gets The South Gets California admitted as a free state No slavery restrictions in Utah or New Mexico Territories Slaveholding permitted in Washington, D.C Slave trade prohibited in Washington, D.C Texas loses boundary dispute with New Mexico Texas gets $10 million Fugitive Slave Law The Compromise of 1850 • The compromise was passed into law on September 1850. • Like the Missouri Compromise 30 years earlier it helped cool the fire for the time being.