World History- 2nd Sem. FINAL Review Sheet For the final exam, you are to know the basic information (Who, What, When, Where, Why) for the following items and specific examples to support a written response. 70 points total: 35 multiple choice @ 1 pt. ea. = 35 pts. 7 short answer @ 5pts. ea. = 35 pts. Renaissance • Definition of • Began in what country? • 3 major characteristics • Famous ruling family- Medici in Florence • Machiavelli- The Prince- what was that book about? Said people need to understand human nature • Characteristics of nobles • What was unique about marriages? • Roles of the father, mother, and children • Fresco- what is this? • Used perspective- realistic portrayal of people • Famous artists (think Ninja Turtles) • Sistine Chapel Scientific Revolution • 3 major things it did • Copernicus- Heliocentric Theory • Kepler- Laws of Planetary Motion • Galileo- improved telescope, Galilean Moons- Jupiter • Bacon- Scientific Method • Descartes- Cartesian Coordinates • Newton- 3 Laws of Motion Reformation • Martin Luther- why was he upset with the Catholic church? • 95 Theses- what are they? What purpose did they serve? • Edict of Worms • Peace of Augsburg • Calvinism- John Calvin • Predestination- what is this? • Henry VIII and his wives- most famous? Exploration • 3 G’s- what are they? • Magellan • • • • • Sailing technologies Henry the Navigator Dias Da Gama Columbus African Slave Trade • Why did it began? • Between which 3 areas was it most popular? Triangular Trade, Middle Passage • Where did most of the slaves come from? Which part of Africa? • Slave ship conditions • Effects of the Slave Trade Enlightenment Thinkers/French Revolution • Hobbes • Locke • Voltaire • Danton, Robespierre, Radicalism • Reign of Terror • Napoleon • Coup de’etat • New government system- 2 chambers • King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette Industrial Revolution • Industrialization- what is it? • Where did it begin? • Why did it spread? • Agricultural changes • Transportation changes • Communication changes • New labor- women, children • Working conditions • World impact • Know major people and inventions European Political & Social Changes • New rulers- Bismarck, Nicholas II • Universal male suffrage/ democracy • Women’s rights/feminism • New societal rules • Impressionism Imperialism • Which areas of the world were impacted? • What were the main motives? • How is imperialism still evident today?