Analysis of Unknown Solutions AP Chemistry Lab #4

Analysis of Unknown Solutions
AP Chemistry Lab #4
Name_______________________________ Date__________________ Period____
In this lab you will be given three solutions of unknown concentrations. You will
also be given a variety of equipment and additional chemicals to work with. Your goal
will be to devise a procedure to determine the concentration of each unknown, to
perform the procedures, and to correctly determine the concentrations. Please use the
smallest possible quantities of all solutions to minimize waste.
Here is the equipment available to you: volumetric flasks, filter paper, glass funnels,
burets, pipets, spectrophotometer, electronic balance, phenolphthalein (an acid-base
indicator), assorted other glassware (beakers, Erlenmeyer flasks, graduated cylinders,
cuvettes, etc.)
1) Determine the concentration of a potassium iodide solution. You may use the
saturated lead (II) chloride solution to help you.
2) Determine the concentration of a copper (II) chloride solution. You may use the
spectrophotometer and a 0.10 M CuCl2 solution to help you.
3) Determine the concentration of a hydrochloric acid solution. You may use the
0.25 M sodium hydroxide solution to help you.
Procedures should be detailed and have step by step instructions. Once you come to
lab, you and your partner should agree upon a procedure. Perform each experiment
and collect the necessary data so that you can determine the unknown concentrations.
Display all data collected (both quantitative and qualitative) in appropriate tables.
Include all necessary explanations and balanced equations, as well as all calculations.
Be sure to explain your calculations. Once you’ve done that, obtain the true values and
calculate your percent error.
Write a brief paragraph summarizing the lab and your findings, and analyzing the error.