Review for Midterm

First Test Review: Speech Science I
The notes follow the book.
Chapters 1-6
Chapter 1:
1. Chapter 1 is an overview of the book. Don’t commit this chapter to memory.
Chapter 2: Nature of Sound
Know this chapter. Review the bolded terms throughout the chapter.
Be familiar with the various measures of air pressure
Understand the movement of air
Understand the concepts of air pressure, volume, and density
Understand the changes in air pressure, elasticity, wave motion of sound
Know the characteristics of sound waves.
Understand the attributes of sound…frequency, amplitude, duration
Know free vs. forced vibration, types of resonators, acoustic resonators, filters,
Chapter 3: Clinical Applications of Frequency and Intensity Variables
1. Know the average Fo, speaking Fo, Fo variability and max phonation frequency
2. Know the average amplitude level, amplitude variability
3. Know some of the voice disorders and how their voice intensity, and frequency
4. Know the impact of cochlear implant on voice and age differences of CI and
voice Fo
Chapter 4: Respiratory system (no labeling of pictures)
1. Be familiar with the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system
a. Know the spinal vertebrae, ribs
b. Know 3 major muscles of respiration
2. Understand how the lungs work due to pleural linkage
3. Describe the four difference between life breathing and speech breathing
4. Understand the air pressure and flows involved in respiration
a. Know definitions and be able to label lung volumes and capacities below:
5. Understand the speech breathing patterns for deaf and normal hearing
Chapter 5:
Conditions that Affect Speech Breathing
1. Be able to describe differences in lung volumes and capacities with the 7
conditions affecting breathing
On Final:
Chapter 6: Phonatory System
1. Be familiar with the anatomy of the laryngeal structure (p 113)(p 117 Table 6.1)
2. Know the difference between the extrinsic and intrinsic muscles of the larynx (do
not memorize the muscles)
3. Study the myoelastic-aerodynamic theory of phonation
4. Study harmonic spacing
5. Do not spend time on jitter and shimmer…but know their definition