Chapter 10 Study Guide

Chapter 10 Study Guide
The Union in Peril
Section I:
1. Wilmot Proviso
2. Secession
3. Compromise of 1850
4. Daniel Webster
5. Millard Fillmore
6. Stephen A. Douglas
7. Popular Sovereignty
Review Questions:
1. What were the main industries in the North?
2. How was the South dependent on slavery?
3. What was the Wilmot Proviso and why did Southerners oppose it?
4. What problems were created by California’s application for statehood?
5. What was the Southern response to the ideas of banning slavery in the territories?
6. What were the provisions of the Clay’s compromise of 1850?
7. What action did Stephen A. Douglas take on Clay’s Compromise?
Chapter Objectives:
Describe the growing differences between the North and South in their economies and ways
of life.
Explain why the Wilmot Proviso failed to pass and why the issue of California statehood
became so important.
Analyze how the efforts of Clay, Webster, and Douglas produced the Compromise of 1850
and a temporary halt to talk of secession.
Section II:
1. Fugitive Slave Act
2. Personal liberty laws
3. Underground Railroad
4. Harriet Tubman
5. Harriet Beecher Stowe
6. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
7. Kansas-Nebraska Act
8. John Brown
9. Bleeding Kansas
Review Questions:
1. What did Northern states do to counter the Fugitive Slave Law?
2. What was the Underground Railroad?
3. What did Harriet Beecher Stow do to inflame passions between North and South?
4. What was popular sovereignty?
5. What effect did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the Compromise of 1850?
6. What caused the violence in Kansas?
7. What was the Pottawattomie Massacre?
8. Why did Preston Brooks attack Charles Sumner?
Chapter Objectives
Describe the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Law and how abolitionists and the Underground
Railroad succeeded in defying this law.
Explain how Douglas’s desire for a northern transcontinental railroad route helped.
destroy the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850.
Describe the violence that occurred in Kansas in the fight over establishing slavery in the
Section III:
1. Franklin Pierce
2. Nativism
3. Know-Nothing Party
4. Free-Soil Party
5. Republican Party
6. Horace Greely
7. John C. Fremont
8. James Buchannan
Review Questions:
1. How did the slavery issue affect the Whig Party?
2. What was nativism and how did it affect American politics?
3. What did the Free-Soil Party believe in?
4. What issue united people in the Republican Party?
5. What were the issues and outcome of the Election of 1856?
Chapter Objectives:
Identify the political parties that emerged as the North and the South forged new political
Explain the reasons that led voters to align with a particular party and why Buchanan won
the election of 1856?
Section IV:
1. Dred Scott
2. Roger B. Taney
3. Abraham Lincoln
4. Freeport Doctrine
5. Harpers Ferry
6. Confederacy
7. Jefferson Davis
Review Questions:
1. What was the effect of the Dred Scott decision on the North?
2. What event made Stephen A. Douglas a hero in the North?
3. What were the issues that divided Douglas and Lincoln?
4. What was the Freeport Doctrine?
5. What was the response to John Brown’s raid in the North and South?
6. How did John Brown’s execution further divide the country?
7. How did Lincoln come to be nominated for president?
8. How did Lincoln win the election of 1860?
Chapter Objectives:
Explain the impact of the Dred Scott decision and the Lecompton Constitution on the political
crisis over slavery.
Explain why Douglas believed that popular sovereignty was the key to eliminating slavery
and why Lincoln believed Free-Soil legislation was required for voters to remove slavery.
Describe the events at Harpers Ferry and their effect on the North and South.
Describe the events that led to Lincoln’s election and the establishment of the Confederate
States of America.