Sophomore English Mr. Dow Vocabulary Lesson Five Name: _________________________ Date: ______ dearth diffident embark infallible plod pungent virulent unfeigned altruistic assent benefactor indomitable remiss temerity repose facile chivalrous clemency discrepancy truculent DIRECTIONS: Match the word from above with the definition below. ____________ 1. mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness (noun) synonyms: leniency, forbearance, gentleness antonyms: harshness, severity, cruelty ____________ 2. fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh (adjective) synonyms: savage, belligerent, vitriolic antonyms: gentle, mild, unthreatening ____________ 3. marked by honor, courtesy, and courage (adjective) synonyms: civil, valiant, courtly antonyms: uncouth, churlish, loutish ____________ 4. one who does good to others (noun) synonyms: patron, humanitarian antonyms: misanthrope, malefactor ____________ 5. to express agreement (verb); agreement (noun) synonyms: consent, concur antonyms: disagree, differ, dissent ____________ 6. to walk heavily or slowly; to work slowly (verb) synonyms: lumber, trudge antonyms: scamper, skip, prance ____________ 7. causing a sharp sensation; stinging or biting (adjective) synonyms: sharp, spicy, piquant, racy antonyms: unappetizing, colorless, insipid ____________ 8. sincere, real, without pretense (adjective) synonyms: genuine, heartfelt antonyms: insincere, simulated, phony ____________ 9. extremely poisonous; full of malice; spiteful (adjective) synonyms: noxious, baleful, spiteful antonyms: harmless, benign ____________ 10. to go aboard; to make a start; to invest (verb) synonyms: commence, begin, board ____________ 11. unselfish, concerned with the welfare of others (adjective) synonyms: selfless antonyms: selfish, self-centered ____________ 12. rashness, boldness (noun) synonyms: recklessness, foolhardiness, effrontery antonyms: timidity, fearfulness ____________ 13. a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine (noun) synonyms: insufficiency, want, paucity antonyms: surplus, oversupply, glut, abundance ____________ 14. shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved (adjective) synonyms: timid, bashful, unassertive, withdrawn antonyms:bold, brash, audacious, jaunty ____________ 15. easily done or attained; superficial; ready, fluent; easily shown but not sincerely felt synonyms: effortless, assured, poised, specious antonyms: labored, awkward, halting ____________ 16. free from error; absolutely dependable (adjective) synonyms: unerring, certain antonyms: imperfect ____________ 17. neglectful in the performance of one’s duty; careless (adjective) synonyms: negligent, lax, slack antonyms: scrupulous, dutiful, punctilious ____________ 18. to rest; lie; place (verb); relaxation, peace of mind, calmness (noun) synonyms: sleep (verb) tranquility, respite (noun) antonyms: exertion, wakefulness, tumult ____________ 19. a difference; a lack of agreement (noun) synonyms: disagreement, divergence, inconsistency antonyms: agreement, convergence ____________ 20. unconquerable, refusing to yield (adjective) synonyms:unbeatable, invincible, unyielding antonyms: surrendering, submissive, yielding DIRECTIONS: Complete the following sentences with the appropriate vocabulary word. 1. _____________________________ in his duties – he left his post without permission for a cigarette break, the sailor was put in the brig for two weeks. 2. The accountant earned a reputation for being _________________________ because she never made mistakes. 3. After a long day at work the harvesters ______________________ home to dinner and a good night’s rest. 4. Romeo and Juliet knew they would never gain their feuding families' _____________________ to marry. 5. EEE is one of the most _________________________ threats for residents of the lake shore community who are annually pestered by mosquitoes. 6. The tears on her face were _______________________ evidence that the break-up really devastated her. 7. The judge showed ______________________________ to the accused man by giving him a suspended sentence. 8. The young gentleman was __________________________ by giving up his seat on the bus for the elderly woman. 9. The ________________________ garbage put into the compost in our backyard put a frown on our neighbors’ faces when the wind was blowing through our yard to theirs. 10. Without the help of many ___________________________, most charities would be unable to carry out their work. 11. Columbus ___________________________ upon his famous journey to the Americas after he received money from the king and queen of Spain to buy ships. 12. His support of a program to help the less fortunate in this world is ________________________. 13. A _______________________ of qualified candidates caused the company to readvertise the position. 14. Jacquelyn Smith was voted the most ________________________ student of the graduating class of 2014. Most students didn’t even know her name. 15. The ________________________________ between my weekly salary and the cost of living put me into debt. 16. Superman is all but ______________________________ considering his susceptibility to kryptonite. 17. The ______________________________ kidnappers bound and gagged their victims. 18. The chain gang ___________________ alongside the trench they had been digging, enjoying the short break that the guards gave them. 19. ____________________ is a punishable behavior in the marines where strict compliance with the rules and respect for superior officers are required. 20. Typing is ____________________ for someone who knows the finger placement on the keyboard.