Medea Side Notes Prequel Medea was a devotee of the goddess Queen Hecate, and one of the great sorceresses of the ancient world. She was the daughter of Aeetes of Colchis, and the granddaughter of Helios, the sun god. In “Jason and the Argonauts,” Medea helped Jason procure the Golden Fleece from her father, and she fell in love with Jason. She killed her younger brother on the way to Iolcus. When she and Jason arrived in Iolcus, Jason’s homeland, she restored the you of Jason’s father Aeson with a magical potion. Pelias usurped Aeson’s throne, became the king, and Medea tricked Pelias’s daughter into killing him and Medea and Jason left Iolcus for Corinth. Start Euripides’s Medea. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/m/medea.html Sisyphus Sisyphus was considered the most cunning knave on Earth. He was the founder and first king of Corinth. Hades came to him personally when he died, to bring him into the kingdom of the dead. Sisyphus tricked Hades and locked Hades up in secrecy for a long time (unknown). During this time, no one could die. Finally, Hades was released and Sisyphus was ordered into the Underworld (Tartarus) to live out his eternal assignment. When he reached Tartarus, he complained to Persephone, that his wife didn’t bury him properly, and he couldn’t cross the river Styx to perform his assignment. Persephone allowed Sisyphus to travel back to Earth to finish the burial, but he left it go for a long time. Eventually he was dragged back to Tartarus, and put on trial for his tricks. For commiting crimes against the gods, he was condemned to rolling a boulder uphill for all eternity. Whenever the boulder would reach the peak of the hill, it would roll down the hill and he’d have to start over. http://www.cultures.com/greek_resources/greek_encyclopedia/greek_entry.html/sissyphu s_e.html Phoebus “The Radiant One,” literally. An epithet of Apollo because of his connection to the sun or as the descendant of the Titaness Phoebe (his grandmother). The Romans venerated him as Phoebus Apollo. The lamp of Apollo is the sun. God of: Sun, Music, Prophecy. http://tree_shaman.tripod.com/Myths.html http://www.pantheon.org/articles/p/phoebus.html Euxine Sea The Black Sea. Ino Daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. Second wife of King Athamas. His first wife, Nephele, complained to Hera about her husband’s infidelity. Ino tried to have Nephele’s son killed, as to have one of her own sons inherit the kingdom. He was on the altar, about to die, when a golden ram saved his life. He sacrificed the ram to Zeus for saving him and gave the fleece to Aeetes (Hence, Jason and the Golden Fleece: enter Medea). Hera struck Athamas with madness. He killed one of Ino’s sons, prompting Ino to flee with her other son. He chased them to the Molurian Rock, where she jumped to her death, dragging her son with her. She was the first woman to kill her own child. http://www.pantheon.org/articles/i/ino.html Scylla A nymph, fisherman-turned-sea-god Glaucus fell in love with her. She fled away from him to the land, he could not chase her up there. He visited Circe to get a potion to make Scylla fall in love with him, but in telling the tale, Circe fell in love with Glaucus and began to hate Scylla. She put a potion in Scylla’s bath water to turn her into a monster. She then had 12 arms and 6 heads, each with 3 rows of teeth, as well as “legs” made of beasts that barked constantly like a dog.