2011-12 Midterm Study Guide Photography

2011-12 Midterm Study Guide Photography - Vocabulary and Concepts
 Review: First reading packet (composition), teacher PowerPoint presentation, in-class
lecture/discussion notes on the camera and techniques, vocabulary test, 10 Clippings test, Purposeful
project, and the Check Your Understanding project
Rule of Thirds
frame — framing your composition / subject
Frame within a Frame
vantage point / point of view / the photographer’s perspective
focal point / subject / center of interest
visualize / pre-visualize
depth of field (shallow or large/deep)
SLR (single lens reflex) vs. Point and Shoot cameras
symmetrical vs. asymmetrical balance
dominant lines and directional lines
focusing versus framing
dominant shapes
“hunter” vs. “builder”
megapixel(s) - what are they good for?
zoom - digital versus optical
golden hour
repetition of line and/or shape
 Review: reading packet “A Short History of Photography,” DVD film “Photography - The Precursors,”
in-class lecture/discussion notes, and on your laptop open the Encyclopedia Britannica Ultimate
Reference Suite, then search “photography” and scroll (way) down to “History of Photography”
Consider and respond to: What is the link between photography and history?
Joseph Niepce - 1st photograph (1826)
Louis Daguerre - Daguerreotype
George Eastman – Eastman Kodak Company - roll film
Alfred Stieglitz - Pictorialism - Camera Work (magazine)
FSA - Farm Security Administration
Dorothea Lange - famous photo “Migrant Mother” - hired by Farm Security Administration (FSA) during the
Great Depression as a documentary photographer
Edwin Land - Polaroid Land Camera – processing was in the paper!
Ansel Adams - famous for pictures of Yosemite National park, started Group f/64 to move away from
Pictorialism (soft artsy focus) to sharp focus (f/64)
2011-12 Midterm Study Guide Photography - Vocabulary and Concepts
Henri Cartier-Bresson – father of modern photojournalism, co-founder of Magnum Photos, known for his
concept of the “decisive moment”
Calotype – Henry Fox Talbot – first negative-positive process, from one negative a large number of positive
prints could be made
Wet-collodion process – Scott Archer – produced at sharper negative than the calotype, but required a portable
darkroom to keep the plates wet (they had to be used immediately)
Dry-plate process – retained light-sensitivity after drying. More convenient than wet-collodion process
 From reading packet “Photography, Ethics, and the Law,” and in-class lecture/discussion - Review your
test on this info too!
4 Types of Invasion of Privacy — appropriation, intrusion, publication of private matters, false light
expectation of privacy
documentary vs. trade/advertising — the rules regarding manipulation of content
ethical vs. legal
where/what can and cannot be photographed
 Re-read your Photo Critique and be prepared to write one on test day
Three paragraphs:
Literal Level - describe the photo in detail,
Compositional Content Level - describe the composition and photographic techniques,
Meaning Level - describe why you think the photographer may have taken the photo