Study Guides


Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art


1-7 Woman from Willendorf, c. 24,000 BCE, Limestone, Willendorf,




Hall of the Bulls, c. 15,000 BCE, painting, Lascaux cave, France

Bird-Headed Man with Bison, c. 15,000 BCE, painting, Lascaux cave,


1-13 Bison, c. 12,500 BCE, painting, Altamira cave, Spain

1-21 Stonehenge, 2750-1500 BCE, stone, Wiltshire, England

Important terms and ideas: post-and-lintel mortise-and-tenon joints composite form (book uses the term composite pose) abstraction naturalism realism sculpture in the round relief sculpture

Chapter 2: Art of the Ancient Neareast


2-1 Stele of Naram-Sin, 2254-2218 BCE, limestone, Susa, Iran

2-2 Ruins of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temple, 3300-3000 BCE, Uruk, Iraq

2-4 Votive Figures from the Square Temple, 2900-2600 BCE, limestone, alabaster and gypsum, Iraq p. 35 The Great Lyre with Bull’s Head, 2550-2400 BCE, gold leaf and lapis lazuli over wooden core, Royal Cemetery, Ur, Iraq p. 35 Sound Box of The Great Lyre

2-7 Reconstruction of the Nanna Ziggurat, 2100-2050 BCE

2-8 Votive Statue of Gudea, 2090 BCE, diorite, Girsu, Iraq p. 38 Stele of Hammurabi, 1792-1750 BCE, diorite, Susa, Iran

2-10 Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions, 875-860 BCE, alabaster, from the Palace of

Assurnasirpal II, Nimrud, Iraq

2-11 Reconstruction of citadel of Sargon II, 721-706 BCE, Dur Sharrukin, Iraq

2-12 Guardian figures at Gate A of the Citadel of Sargon II During its

Excavation, Dur Sharrukin, c. 721-706 BCE (Lamassu Figures)

Important terms and ideas:

stele votive figures iconography idealization hieratic scale registers cuneiform ziggurats

Chapter 3: Art of Ancient Egypt


3-1 Funerary mask of Tutankhamun, 1332-1322 BCE, gold with inlay of glass and semiprecious stones, Eighteenth Dynasty, Thebes p. 52 The Narmer Palette, 2950 BCE, green schist, Early Dynastic period


Reconstruction Drawing of Djoser’s Funerary Complex, Saqqara, 2630-

2575 BCE

3-3 The Step Pyramid, and Sham Buildings, Funerary Complex of Djoser,

Saqqara, limestone, height of pyramid 204’

3-4 Great Pyramids, 2575-2450 BCE, Fourth Dynasty, Giza

3-8 Khafre, 2520-2494 BCE, anorthosite gneiss, Fourth Dynasty, Giza

3-9 Menkaure and a Queen, 2490-2472 BCE, graywacke with traces of red and black paint, Fourth Dynasty, Giza

3-10 Seated scribe, 2450-2325 BCE, painted limestone, Fifth Dynasty, Saqqara

3-14 Rock-cut tombs, 1938-1755 BCE, Twelfth Dynasty, Beni Hasan

3-18 Reconstruction Drawing of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak, New

Kingdom, c. 1579-1075 BCE

3-19 Reconstruction drawing of the Hypostyle hall, Temple of Amun, 1292-

1190 BCE, Nineteenth Dynasty, Karnak

3-20 Ruins of the Great Temple of Amun at Karnak, 1579-1075 BCE

3-22 Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut, 1473-1458 BCE, Eighteenth Dynasty, Deir el-Bahri

3-25 Akhenaten, 1353-1336 BCE, sandstone, Eighteenth Dynasty, Karnak

3-26 Akhenaten and His Family, 1353-1336 BCE, limestone sunken relief, Tell el-Amarna, Egypt

3-28 Nefertiti, 1353-1336 BCE, painted limestone, Eighteenth Dynasty,

Tell el-Amarna


Inner Coffin of Tutankhamun’s Sarcophagus, 1332-1322 BCE, gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones, Eighteenth Dynasty, Thebes

Important terms and ideas: mastaba hypostyle hall stele

necropolis clerestory

Chapter 4: Art of the Ancient Aegean


4-2 Figure of a Women, 2600-2400 BCE, marble, Cycladic Islands

4-4 Reconstruction of the Palace Complex, Knossos, Crete, 2000-1375 BCE

4-5 Kamares Ware Jug, 2000-1900 BCE, Phaistos, Crete

4-6 Bull Leaping, 1550-1450 BCE, fresco, Knossos, Crete

4-7 Woman or Goddess with Snakes, 1700-1550 BCE, faience, Palace of

Knossos, Crete

4-10 Octopus Flask, 1500-1450 BCE, Palaikastro, Crete

4-12 Landscape (Spring Fresco), before 1630 BCE, fresco, Akrotiri, Thera

Important terms and ideas:

Potter’s wheel abstract forms labyrinth minotaur dry fresco (fresco secco) wet fresco (true fresco) corbel vault, corbeling

Chapter 5: Art of Ancient Greece


5-1 Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a game, 540 BCE, Orvieto, Italy

5-2 Funerary Vase (krater), from the Dipylon cemetery, 750-700 BCE,

Athens, Greece

5-9 Plan and Exterior of Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, 550-540



Metropolitan Kouros, 600 BCE, marble, 6’ tall

5-18 Anavysos Kouros, 530 BCE, marble, Anavysos, Greece, 6’ 4” tall


“Peplos” Kore, 530 BCE, marble, from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece

22 Exekias, Achilles and Ajax playing a game (detail), 540 BCE, Orvieto,


5-26 Warrior, 460-450 BCE, bronze, Riace, Italy

5-31 Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, 447-432 BCE, Athens, Greece

5-32 Photographic Mock-Up of the East Pediment of the Parthenon (including

The Three Goddesses), 447-432 BCE

5-33 Lapith Fighting a Centaur, 447-432 BCE, metope from Parthenon, Athens,

Greece p. 134 Polykleitos, Spear Bearer (Doryphorus), 450-440 BCE, Roman marble


copy after the bronze original

5-35 Marshals and Young Women, Panathenaic Festival frieze, 447-432 BCE, marble, Parthenon, Athens, Greece

5-39 Nike (Victory) Adjusting her Sandal, 410-405 BCE, Temple of Athena

Nike, Athens, Greece

5-45 Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, 350 BCE, Roman marble copy

5-52 Dying Gallic Trumpeter, 220 BCE, Roman copy

5-54 Athena Attacking the Giants, from the Altar of Pergamon, 175-150 BCE, marble


Hagesandros, Polydoros, and Athenodoros of Rhodes, Laocoön and His sons, 1 st

century, marble, 8’

Important terms and ideas:

Geometric period

Archaic period

Classical period

Hellenistic period doric ionic corinthian entabulature pediment frieze kouros, kore archaic smile red-figure and black-figure painting contrapposto relief sculpture expressionism emotionalism

Chapter 6: Etruscan and Roman Art


6-3 Reconstruction of an Etruscan temple p. 170 Patrician Carrying Portrait Busts of Two Ancestors, end of 1 st


BCE or beginning of 1 st

century CE, marble, height 5’5”

6-13 Portrait Head of an Elder, 80 BCE, marble, life size p. 172 Pont du Gard, late 1 st

century BCE, Nîmes, France

6-16 Temple, perhaps dedicated to Portunus, late 2 nd

century BCE, Rome, Italy

6-18 Augustus of Primaporta, early 1 st

century BCE, marble copy of bronze

original, Primaporta, Italy p. 176 Ara Pacis Augustae, 13-9 BCE, Rome, Italy p. 177 Imperial Procession, south façade of the Ara Pacis, 13-9 BCE, Rome, Italy

6-23 Peristyle Garden, House of the Vettii, rebuilt 62-79 CE, Pompeii, Italy

6-29 Cityscape, Late 1 st

century CE, from a bedroom in the House of Publius

Fannius Syistor, Boscoreale, Italy

6-32 The Arch of Titus, 81 CE, Rome, Italy

6-33 Spoils from the Temple of Solomon, scene from the Arch of Titus

6-35 Flavian Amphitheater, The Colosseum, 70-80 CE, Rome, Italy

6-43 Column of Trajan, 113-116 or after 117 CE, forum of Trajan, Rome, Italy

6-44 Column of Trajan Detail




Pantheon, 118-128 CE, Rome, Italy (exterior)

Reconstruction Drawing of the Pantheon

Interior of the Pantheon

6-52 Equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius, 176 CE, bronze, Rome, Italy

6-53 Commodus as Hercules, 191-192 CE, marble

6-54 Caracalla, Early 3 rd

century CE, marble

6-55 Baths of Caracalla, 211-217 CE, Rome, Italy

6-56 Plan of the Baths of Caracalla, 211-217 CE, Rome, Italy

6-63 Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine (Basilica Nova), 306-313 CE,

Rome, Italy

6-65 Reconstruction drawing of the Basilica Nova, 306-312 AD

6-66 Constantine the Great, 325-326 CE, Rome, Italy

Important terms and ideas from Chapter 6: patricians plebians veristic/verism amphitheater atrium peristyle garden velarium intuitive perspective continuous narrative frieze frigidarium, tepidarium, caldarium

Chapter 7: Jewish, Early Christian, and Byzantine Art


7-6 The Good Shepherd, second half of the 3 rd century, marble



Interior of Santa Sabina, 422-32, Rome, Italy

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, 359, marble, Rome, Italy

7-14 Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, 425-26, Ravenna, Italy

7-15 Interior of Mausoleum of Galla Placidia

7-16 Christ as the Good Shepherd, 425-26, mosaic from the Mausoleum of

Galla Placidia

7-17 Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Church of Hagia Sophia,




532-37, Istanbul, Turkey plan and section of the Church of Hagia Sophia

Church of Hagia Sophia, Interior

Plan and Cutaway drawing, Church of San Vitale, 520-48, Ravenna, Italy

7-21 Church of San Vitale, Interior, 520-48

7-22 Christ Enthroned, Flanked by Angels, St. Vitalis and Bishop Ecclesius,

Church of San Vitale, Ravenna, Mosaic

7-23 Emperor Justinian and His Attendants, 547, mosaic, San Vitale

7-24 Empress Theodora and Her Attendants, 547, San Vitale


The Transfiguration of Christ with Sant’Appolinare, First Bishop of

Ravenna, 549, apse mosaic, Church of Sant’Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna, Italy

Important terms and ideas: basilica nave narthex, vestibule apse transept side aisles ambulatory central planned church cruciform mosaics

Byzantine, Byzantium pendentives hieratic scale mandorla iconoclasm

Chapter 8: Islamic Art


8-4 Cutaway Drawing of the Dome of the Rock

8-5 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691 p. 268 Prayer Hall, Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, begun785/786 p 269 Plan, Greak Mosque, Cordoba, Spain p. 269 Dome in front of the Mihrab, Great Mosque, Cordoba, Spain, 965

8-20 Qu’ran Frontispiece, Cairo, 1368, ink, pigments and gold on paper

8-22 Sinan, Mosque of the Sultan Selim, Edirne, Turkey, 1568-1575

8-23 Plan of the Mosque of the Sultan Selim

8-24 Interior of the Mosque of Sultan Selim

Important terms and ideas: mosque minbar mihrab aniconism arabesques qibla minaret horseshoe arches

Chapter 14: Early Medieval Art of Europe


14-5 Page with Man, Gospel Book of Durrow, Gospel of St. Matthew, second half of the 7 th century, ink and tempera on parchment, Iona, Scotland

14-18 Page with Matthew the Evangelist, Ebbo Gospels, Gospel of Matthew, second quarter of the 9 th

century, ink, gold, and colors on vellum

14-19 Crucifixion with Angels and Mourning Figures, Lindau Gospels, outer cover, 870-80, gold, pearls, sapphires, garnets, and emeralds

14-24 Doors of Bishop Bernward, 1015, Abbey Church of Saint Michael,

Hildesheim, Germany, 16’6”

Important terms and ideas: biomorphic, organic, zoomorphic forms manuscript illuminations

Chapter 15: Romanesque Art


15-3 Interior, Church of Sant Vincenc, Cardona, 1020s-30s

15-11 Cathedral Complex, Pisa, Italy, cathedral begun 1063, baptistery begun

1153, campanile begun 1174

15-16 Interior, Speyer Cathedral, Germany, c. 1080-1106

15-17 Exterior, Speyer Cathedral, Germany, c. 1080-1106

15-18 Nave, Durham Cathedral, England, 1087-1133 p. 478 Giselbertus, Last Judgment, tympanum on west portal, Cathedral of Saint-

Lazare, Autun, France, ca. 1120-30 p. 484 Bayeux Tapestry, embroidered wool on linen, 1066-82

Important terms and ideas:

feudalism campanile mandorla wall elevation, façade elevation tympanum, lunette

Chapter 16: Gothic Art of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries


Introduction to Gothic architecture:

16-2 Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, Plan

16-3 Interior, Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, Choir, France, 1140-44

Chartres Cathedral:


West Façade, Chartres Cathedral, France, begun 1134, rebuilt after 1194


Royal Portal, West Façade, Chartres Cathedral, 1145-55

16-8 Royal Portal, West Façade, Chartres Cathedral, Prophets and Ancestors of

Christ jamb statues, 1145-55

16-11 Nave, Chartres Cathedral, 1194-1220

16-13 Chartres Cathedral, North Transept, Rose window and Lancets, 1220

Reims Cathedral:

16-15 West façade, Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Reims, France, ca. 1225-1290

16-16 West Façade, Central Portral, Visitation and Annunciation figures, Reims


16-17 Nave, Reims Cathedral, 1220

The Epitome of Gothic architecture:

P. 509 Upper Chapel, Sainte-Chapelle, Paris, France, 1243-48

Important terms and ideas: gothic rib vault sexpartite vault rose window triforium flying buttresses jamb figures, jamb sculpture