Sociology in our Times Study Guide for Chapter 5-7 & 12 9/12/2015 CHAPTER 5 1) Definition Social Interaction 2) Define Social Structure 3) What are the two types of statuses? What are the differences? Hint: Ascribed and Achieved 4) What is a master status? 5) What are status symbols? Examples? Hint: wedding ring, fancy car, house with a pool 6) What is a role? 7) Know about Role Expectations/Role Performance/ Role Conflict/Role Strain/Role Exit 8) Name the two types of groups? Hint: Primary and Secondary 9) What are the differences in the two types? 10) What are social institutions? 11) What are the essential tasks of social institutions? 12) Name the 5 types of Social Institutions. Hint: Family, Religion, education, economy, government 13) Know the difference between Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. 14) What is the Social Construction of Reality? Is it the same for everyone? 15) What is the Self Fulfilling Prophecy? 16) What are the things that make up Non verbal Communication? 17) Why is Non Verbal Communication important? CHAPTER 6 1) Define a Social Group 2) What are the differences between Aggregates and Categories? 3) What is the difference between In groups and Out groups? 4) What is a reference group? 5) How does networking help you? 6) Define a dyad and a triad 7) What are the types of Leaderships styles? Hint: Instrumental, expressive, authoritarian, democratic and laissez-faire 8) What did Milligram’s experiments demonstrate? Hint: the shocking of strangers 9) What are the types of formal organizations? Hint: Normative, coercive and utilitarian CHAPTER 7 1) Define Deviance 2) What are some examples of deviance from the past and the present? 3) How is Deviance relative? 4) Define Crime? 5) What is juvenile delinquency? 6) In studying deviance, what are sociologists trying to discover? 7) What is the difference between Internal and External Control? 8) What purpose does deviance have according to the functionalist perspective? 9) How do people adapt according to the Strain Theory? Hint: Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism, Rebellion 10) What is the opportunity theory of crime? 11) What does the Marxist/Conflict theory say about crime? 12) What are the parts of the Interactionist Perspective on crime? Hint: Differential associations, Rational Choice, Social Control/Social Bonding and Labeling theory 13) What are the two types of crimes? Felonies and Misdemeanors 14) Know the Classification of Crimes: Violent, Property, Public Order, Occupational (white collar), Corporate, Organized, and Political 15) What are some problems with Crime Statistics? 16) What gender, race and age groups are the most likely to commit crimes? 17) What are the parts of the Criminal Justice System? CHAPTER 12 Aging: 1) Define Aging 2) What is Life Expectancy? 3) What is the study of aging and older people? 4) Age Stratification-what are the levels? Hint: Infancy/Childhood, Adolescence, Young Adulthood, Middle Adulthood, Late Adulthood 5) What are some of the differences in the levels? 6) Define Ageism 7) How are wealth, poverty and aging related? 8) What is Elderly Abuse? 9) What are the statistics on aging, race and poverty? 10) What do the various theories or perspectives say about Aging? 11) What are the stages of Dying?