Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics Do you know how the earliest writing started thousands of years ago? In about 3,000 BC, two types of writing were developed. They were called Cuneiform and Hieroglyphics. In some ways they are different, yet they are also similar. Cuneiform writing was developed in Mesopotamia to keep track of records. It consisted of wedged-shaped symbols. They also produced works of stories. The oldest form of literature is the story called Epic of Gilgamesh. An epic is a long poem that talks about heroes; Cuneiform was written on clay tablets. To write in the clay, they had to use a reed that grew on the side of the Nile River to make the symbols. On the other hand, hieroglyphics were created in Egypt, not Mesopotamia. Hieroglyphics were usually written on papyrus and stone. These symbols are pictures of objects that represent words and sounds. For an example, to communicate the idea of a boat then a scribe would draw a boat. Other objects stood for sounds, like letters in the American alphabet. They both represent thousands of words about things about trade, and rules. They’re two of the most important earliest types of writing. They were both developed thousands of years ago by scribes who both men and boys. Finally, these ancient forms of writing from long ago are similar and different in ways.