Name _____________Period_____ Digestive System 1. List and explain the THREE functions of the digestive system? 2. Define the following terms. Mastication, Peristalsis, Saliva, Bile, Sphincter 3. List the structures and organs involved in both ingestion and digestion. 4. What are some causes of indigestion and how can one prevent food related indigestion? Excretory/Urinary System 1. What is the function of the urinary system? 2. Describe the function of the kidneys. 3. Define these structures in the urinary system. Ureters, Bladder, Urethra 4. How does drinking plenty of water each day promote a healthy urinary system? Respiratory System 1. What is the primary function of the respiratory system? 2. List in order the structures through which air passes on its way into the lungs. 3. What are the functions of the mucous membranes and the cilia in the nose? 4. Name and briefly describe 3 serious respiratory diseases. Circulatory System 1. What are the functions of the circulatory system? 2. What are the 3 main parts of the circulatory system and briefly explain the function of each? 3. What are the four parts of blood? What is the function of each? 4. What are the three basic types of blood vessels and their specific functions? Nervous System 1. What is the function of the nervous system? 2. What are the two main divisions of the nervous system? What is the function of each? 3. List and explain the 3 basic parts of a neuron. 4. List the three major divisions of the brain. What is the function of each? Endocrine System 1. What is the function of the endocrine system? 2. Define the following terms. Glands and Hormones 3. List the glands of the endocrine system. 4. Which gland is called the “master gland”? Why? Where is it located? Skeletal System 1. List the functions of the skeletal system. 2. List and explain the two main divisions of the skeletal system. 3. Define the terms cartilage, ligaments, tendons, joints, fractures, and osteoporosis. 4. List 4 types of bones and 4 types of joints. Muscular System 1. List the functions of the muscular system. 2. What are the three types of muscle? Describe each. 3. Name and describe the two types of muscle movement. 4. Describe 2 injury related muscular problems. Immune System 1. What is the function of the immune system? 2. List and explain the body’s 4 nonspecific defenses against infection. 3. What are the two types of lymphocytes and what is their purpose? 4. Explain the difference between the body’s innate immune system and the adaptive immune system. Integumentary System 1. List the functions of your integumentary system/skin. 2. State and define the two main layers of your skin. 3. What is melanin and what is its function? 4. Name and explain 3 different skin problems.