Unit 8 – Study Guide “Gunpowder Empire” – Ottoman Empire – Sultan – Suleiman the Magnificent – Janissaries – Safavid Empire – Shah – Shah Abbas – Mughal Empire – Babur – Akbar (Mughal Empire) – Divine Faith – Taj Mahal – Qing Dynasty of China – Manchus – Kangxi – Japanese feudalism – Daimyo – Shogun – Samurai – Oda Nobunaga – Tokugawa Ieyasu – Unit 8 Reading Guide—The Gunpowder Empires, China and Japan Chapter 18, Section 1 Who were the Ottomans? How did the Ottoman Empire grow? What were two of Suleyman’s accomplishments? Who were the janissaries and what role did they play? Chapter 18, Section 2 Why were there conflicts between the Shi’a and Sunni Muslims? What were four reforms made by Shah Abbas? Why weren’t there strong leaders after Shah Abbas? Chapter 18, Section 3 How did the Mughal Empire begin? What are some examples of Akbar’s policy of fair rule? How did Aurangzeb rule as compared to Akbar How did the Mughal Empire change after Akbar? Chapter 19, Section 2 How did China change during the Qing Dynasty? Why was trade a problem during the Qing Dynasty? Which parts of society improved during this time, and which continued to be the same? Chapter 12, Section 4 What was the native religion of Japan? Name two parts of the Chinese culture that Japan adopted. Who were the samurai? How was Japanese feudalism similar to European feudalism? Chapter 19, Section 3 What role did Oda Nobunaga play in Japan? What role did Tokugawa Ieyasu play in Japan? Why did the Japanese seal almost all of their borders?