Great leaders critique their own leadership performance

GREAT LEADERS – Study them, become one. The purpose of this site is first to
identify the attitudes, behaviors, careers, decisions, and effect of leaders who have
changed the world and made it a better place. Second, when you found one, study them
carefully and become a leaders’ apprentice. Perhaps their character will rub off and
change your own life story.
What are the qualities or traits of a leader?
What must a leader accomplish to be “great”?
Are all leaders great and powerful people?
Who are the leaders in your life? - Why do you think of these people as leaders?
How can you be a leader?
Why don’t we see great leaders more often?
stand up for what is right even if they have to stand alone. Leaders who will acutely
understand that what is popular is not always right, and what is right is not always
popular. “We won’t see great, leaders until we see great women leaders”
Data on personality, personal competencies, emotional
intelligence, motivation and team dynamics
Alphabetical Listing of Leaders (please pick one).
Ali, Muhammad (Cassius Clay)
One of the world's best known
athletes, Muhammad Ali is an Olympic
gold medalist and a heavyweight boxing
American Horse (Sioux)
Amundsen, Roald
Roald Amundsen knew from a very
young age that he wanted to be a polar
explorer. Learn more about Amundsen
as he prepares himself for such
adventures as well as what it was like
to be on them.
Anthony, Susan B.
A pioneer of the women's suffrage
movement, Susan B. Anthony greatly
influenced the creation of the 19th
amendment which gave women in the
United States the right to vote.
Armstrong, Neil
On July 21, 1969, Neil Armstrong
took a step out of the Apollo 8 lunar
craft onto the moon. This giant leap for
mankind made Armstrong the first man
to walk on the moon.
Black Elk (Lakota)
Black Hawk (Ute)
Big Bear (Cree)
Bigfoot (Lakota)
Abel Bosum (Cree)
Joseph Brant (Mohawk)
Dale Carnegie Carnegie (1888-1955), born in Maryville, Missouri, started out as a
travelling salesman. He
began teaching public speaking at a New York YMCA in 1912. His book Art of Public
Speaking was published in 1915.
Cochise (Apache)
Corn Planter
Crazy Horse/Tashunkewitko (Lakota)
Chagall, Marc
With floating figures and sketchy lines,
Marc Chagall was a unique artist of the
twentieth century.
Chaplin, Charlie
Master of the silent screen, Charlie
Chaplin was an actor, director,
producer, and writer. Chaplin became
a twentieth century icon with his
character, the Little Tramp.
Churchill, Sir Winston
A leader, statesman, author, and
orator, Sir Winston Churchill helped
lead his country and the Allies to
victory as the prime minister of Britain
during World War II.
Dull Knife (Cheyenne)
Disney, Walt
Much more than just the creator of
Mickey Mouse, Walt Disney shaped
the twentieth century by bringing joy to
millions of people - young and old.
Eagle og Delight
Earhart, Amelia
A famous female aviator, Amelia
Earhart was the first woman - and
second person - to fly solo over the
Atlantic. Unfortunately, Earhart
disappeared in 1937 while trying to fly
around the world.
Edison, Thomas
Thomas Edison was successful in
obtaining 1,093 U.S. patents. Learn
more about this famous inventor.
Einstein, Albert
One of the greatest and most famous
scientists of the 20th century, Albert
Dwight D. Eisenhower - Eisenhower (1890-1969) was born in Denison, Texas. He
graduated from West Point in
1915, became a captain during World War I, and served under General Douglas
in the 1930's.
Disney CEO Michael Eisner had such a happy corporate marriage with
co-leader Frank Wells before Wells's untimely death in a helicopter
accident in 1994. Eisner would visit Wells's nearby office dozens of times
a day, seeking his advice on virtually every decision.
Ford, Henry
Though he didn't invent automobiles or
factories, Henry Ford revolutionized
automobile production and made cars
available to the everyday person.
Frank, Anne
A young girl who hid from the Nazis
during the Holocaust, Anne Frank has
touched many who have read her
famous diary.
Benjamin Franklin - Franklin (1706-1790), born in Boston, Massachusetts, was an
American author, printer,
inventor, scientist, publisher, printer, and diplomat. He was truly a man of many talents.
Franklin was known for his wit and humor, much of which was published in Poor
Almanac, and for his proof that lightning was a form of electricity by experimenting
with a
kite in a thunderstorm.
Frank Fools Crow
Gall (Hunkpapa Sioux)
Gandhi, Mohandas
Renown for his doctrine of nonviolent
protest, Gandhi was the leader of
India's fight for independence against
British rule.
Bio for Gandhi
Geronimo/Goyathlay (Apache)
Hole-in-the-Day (Ojibway)
Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson (1743-1826), born in Goochland, Virginia, was a philosopher, architect,
and third president of the United States.
Kennedy, John F.
JFK was more than just the 35th
president of the United States. He was
a charismatic and popular leader. Find
out more about this man through
biographies, photographs, quotes,
speeches, and even information about
his death.
King, Martin Luther
A plethora of resources about Martin
Luther King Jr., the black minister who
led the Civil Rights Movement in the
United States.
Korczak, Janusz
Devoted to children, the famous
educator and writer, Janusz Korczak,
turned down opportunities to escape
the Warsaw Ghetto, thus died with his
children in the Treblinka Death Camp.
Lenin, V.I.
Vladimir Ilich Lenin was the founder of
the Communist Party in Russia and the
leader of the Russian Revolution.
Little Wolf (Lakota)
Abraham Lincoln Born in the backwoods of Kentucky in 1809, Lincoln (1809-1865)
worked as a rail splitter, boatman, postmaster, surveyor, storekeeper, lawyer, state
legislator, and congressman before gaining national attention during debates for election
to the US Senate. Statue -
Lindbergh, Charles
Charles Lindbergh became a hero
when he flew the first solo transatlantic
flight in the Spirit of St. Louis. But with
fame, came unexpected problems.
Learn more about this man, his historic
flight, and the accusations against him.
Vince Lombardi
Vincent Thomas Lombardi (1913-1970), born in New York City, exemplified the drive
determination he instilled in his players.
Golda Meir
Meir (1898-1978), born in Kiev, Russia, was a founder of the state of Israel and served
its labor minister, foreign minister, and then prime minister from 1969-1974. While in
she strove for diplomatic settlements to arab/israeli conflicts.
Joseph (Nez Perce)
Little Crow (Kaposia Sioux)
Little Turtle (Miami)
Little Wolf (Cheyenne)
Low-Dog (Lakota)
Joseph (Nez Perce)
Mandela, Nelson
A leader in the fight against South
Africa's racial policies of apartheid,
Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years
for treason and then became president
of South Africa in 1994.
George C. Marshal. Military Leader
Ohiyesa/Dr. Charles Alexander Eastman (Santee Sioux)
Nehru, Jawahalal Nehru
Norman Vincent Peale
A Methodist minister, Peal, born in Bowersville, Ohio, made effective use of radio,
and newspapers to promote his ideas and philosophy - perhaps best described in his best
known book - The Power of Positive Thinking.
Picasso, Pablo
The first artist to have a mass following
while he was still alive, Pablo Ruiz y
Picasso had an immense impact on art
in the 20th century.
Riefenstahl, Leni
Leni Riefenstahl is a famous artist who
greatly influenced the art of film, but is
best remembered for her Nazi past.
Pontiac (Ottawa)
Pope (Tewa)
Colin Powell
Quanah Parker (Comanche)
Rain-in-the-Face (Sioux)
Red Cloud (Lakota)
Red Jacket (Seneca)
Roman Nose (Cheyenne)
Eleanor Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt Soldier, explorer, conservationist, writer, New York Governor, and
26th US President,
Roosevelt (1858-1919) was at the same time a realist and a romanticist.
Schindler, Oskar
The learn more about the man that
saved 1,300 Jews and the movie that
made Oskar Schindler a household
Chief Ouray ("The Arrow") (Ute)
John Ross (Cherokee)
Santana (Kiowa)
Sequoya (Cherokee)
Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa Sioux)
Spotted Tail (Brule Sioux)
Standing Bear (Lakota)
Tamahay (Sioux)
Tecumseh (Shawnee)
Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Hilda Roberts Thatcher (1925 - ), was the first woman to be elected Prime
Minister in the history of Europe. She was elected to the House of Commons in 1959,
elected leader of the Conservative Party in 1975, became Prime Minister in 1979, and
on to become the longest serving British prime minister of the 20th century.
Thorpe, Jim
Jim Thorpe was an amazing athlete
who won both the decathlon and the
pentathlon in the 1912 Olympic Games
plus, later, became a pro football
player. Thorpe was named ABC's
Wide World of Sports Athlete of the
Trotsky, one of the great leaders of
Harry S. Truman. Truman (1884-1972), born in Lamar, Missouri, was a captain in World
War I, a judge, a
senator, vice president, and, following the death of Franklin Roosevelt, the 33rd US
Two Strike/Tashunkekokipapi (Sioux)
General Hoyt S. Vandenberg. He eventually became the
U.S. Air Force’s second Chief of Staff. General Robert Danforth who was
of Cadets at West Point when General Vandenberg was a cadet told me an amazing
"General Vandenberg was not a natural leader. In fact, we almost dismissed him
from the
Academy for lack of leadership ability at the end of his first year. Instead, we
counseled him. He
took note and applied himself. He was a very competent leader by the time he
graduated. Clearly
he continued to develop himself afterwards."
Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India (1819-1901)
George Washington - Washington (1732-1799), born in Westmoreland County, Virginia,
was commander in Chief
of American forces during five harsh years of the Revolutionary War, and at times held
troops togethr with little more than his own willpower.
Wakara ("Hawk of the Mountains") (Ute)
Washakie (Shoshoni)
Wicked Chief
Wiesenthal, Simon
Learn more about Nazi hunter and
Holocaust survivor, Simon Wiesenthal
through this collection of resources.
Wolf Robe (Cheyenne)
Wovoka (Paiute)
Wright Brothers
These two brothers made history on
December 17, 1903 as they flew their
flyer at Kitty Hawk. What made these
men succeed where others had failed?
John Wooden
Considered the greatest coach in the history of US college basketball, Wooden was also
All-American as a basketball player at Purdue in 1930,31, and 32.
Quotes of Great Leaders
America’s Great Indian Leaders -
What do we look for in a Great Leader?
The results of surveys by James M. Kouzes and Barry Z. Posner between 1981 and 1993
strikingly consistent in as far as the qualities leaders must demonstrate if they want others
to enlist
voluntarily in a common cause and to commit themselves to action freely. According to
decade of research, the majority of us want leaders who are honest, forward-looking,
and competent.
Honesty is absolutely essential for trust and trust is absolutely essential to commitment.
No matter
what the country, the benefits of honesty cannot be overstated. Employees must know
where they
stand and what to expect from their leadership.
A forward-looking orientation is key to being able to see over the horizon of time and to
what might be, or could be. People want and expect their leaders to paint a picture of the
rich in detail so that they can actually see their progress towards their destination.
People admire and respect leaders who are dynamic, uplifting, enthusiastic, positive, and
optimistic. Great leaders must offer an inspiring future along with the passion, courage,
commitment to pursue their dreams.
The fourth most admired leadership attribute is competence. Great leaders must be
recognized by
others as capable and effective in their respective roles.
What Makes Great Women Leaders
Great Leaders are Made, Not Born
By William Cohen, Ph.D., Major General, USAFR (Retired), Professor of
Marketing and Leadership, California State University Los
What Do Great Leaders
Do Differently?
's the difference between leaders that are great and other leaders? That
question has fascinated me as long as I've been in the working world.
I've read all the leadership books I could find for my entire working career.
weren't all that helpful. They either told me how one leader had done it, or
talked about leadership traits.
Traits or characteristics are fine and dandy for discussion purposes. It's fun
argue about whether compassion is more important than mission focus and
like that. The problem is that those discussions don't tell you anything about
you should actually do. They don't, and can't, function as a guide to action.
The only books that I could find that were helpful were written by John
Kotter, a
professor at Harvard. I asked myself, "Why are these books different?"
answer turned out to be strikingly simple. While other folks were testing
in the best "scientific" tradition, Kotter was watching doing research in the
He was watching what leaders actually did, and then drawing conclusions
from a
number of examples.
It seems to me that Kotter started the move toward that kind of research
management and leadership with his book, The General Managers. Since
several other writers, Warren Bennis and Burt Nanus, James Kouzes and
Posner, and others have done the same thing. The movement, if that's what
it is,
was given a boost by Tom Peters, who does the same thing but talks about it
more and more loudly and more effectively than anyone else.
Anyway, I figured I could do that. Basically, I'm just a dumb preacher's kid
the Bronx, but I'm not hampered by a PhD or the kind of "physics envy"
tends to screw up research in the behavioral sciences. Besides, I wasn't after
irrefutable scientific truth that would last the ages. All I wanted to know
was how
to do what those great leaders did so I could learn to do it myself and tell
I studied thirty-six great leaders from around the country. How did I define
great? In order to qualify as a "great leader" for the study, they had to be
as such by their organization, their subordinates and their peers.
That's where I learned my first lesson. I found that lots of folks would
qualify on
one of those counts, but not all. Organizations suggested folks that
and peers simply hated to deal with. They also suggested folks who had
performance numbers way below some other leaders.
All of these folks were responsible for a group's performance. That means
had three roles to fill: supervisor, manager, and leader. The had to achieve
we defined as the twin objectives of any leader that I learned in the
accomplish the mission and care for your people.
The each had the five generic jobs to perform. They had to make sure that
today's job got done efficiently and well. They had to care for the future by
planning and by growing their subordinates. They had to handle critical
when those low frequency, high impact events occurred. The had to do
performance interviews. And, they had to create a great working
one where performance and morale were both high.
So, what did they DO different?
Great leaders show up a lot
Great leaders rehearse mentally
Great leaders manage the consequences of performance
Great leaders do lots of performance interviews
Great leaders critique their own leadership performance
To unleash energy and creativity and to minimize the stifling effects of bureaucracy,
throughout his 215,000-employee international conglomerate, CEO Percy
Barnevik of ABB
Asea Brown Boveri, Ltd., in Zurich, Switzerland, created 5,000 separate
"profit centers,"
each with its own profit sheet. Because the profit centers have, on average,
no more than 50
employees, they get the advantages of working for a small business -increased
responsibility, authority, and recognition. But, they also have the security
of working for a
very large and diversified organization, as well as all its resources.
Behind every great inspirational leader is:
A. A great PR machine.
B. A bullet-pocked wall. Only martyrs are inspirational.
C. Another great inspirational leader waiting for a turn.
Where Have All the Leaders Gone? by Howard Davis
Dragon of Change.
The Chinese believe that there are three ways to respond to this Dragon.
You can fail to sense the dragon or ignore him
hoping that he will go away. However, the Dragon will always be there,
and if you continue to ignore him, he will eat you.
You can try to control the Dragon -- try to force him onto a path of your
own choosing -- but he is very powerful and will
not go where you want him to go. You will eventually tire, and when you
stop to rest, he will eat you. However, if you ride
the Dragon of change, you can avoid its lethality. You can survive -- you
can even prosper. Dragon riders accept change -they anticipate it, adapt to it, and take advantage of the opportunities that it
brings. What I have discovered is that it's easy
to say that we are going to ride the dragon of change. But in reality it's a
lot harder to do (Draft Remarks for The Conoco's Annual Senior
Management Meeting 2 March 1998 by Gen. Charles C. Krulak)