Advanced Animal Science/ Nutrition Test 1) What mineral interacts with Calcium? A. Zinc B. Phosphorus C. Magnesium D. Sodium 2) What sources of energy yields the highest gross energy? A. Proteins B. Water C. Mineral D. Lipids 3) In non-ruminants, as fiber content of the feed goes up what happens to the digestible energy? A. Goes Down B. Goes Up C. Stays the same D. Goes Up and down 4) What makes up proteins? A. Sugars B. Vitamins C. Amino Acids D. Minerals 5) Not soluble in water, but usually soluble in non-polar organic solvents. Usually related to fatty acids? A. Sugars B. Lipid C. Proteins D. Carbohydrates 6) What are these Calcium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, Magnesium, and Sulphur? A. Macro Minerals B. Micro Minerals C. Vitamins D. Starches 7) What are some important minerals in bone formation? A. Ca, P, H B. Ca, P, Mg C. Mg, H, He D. O, Li, Na 8) What are the fat soluble vitamins? A. A, D, E, and B B. A, D, E and C C. D, E, K, and C D. A, D, E, and K 9) What is a naturally occurring pre-cursor of vitamin A? A. Starches B. Zinc C. Beta carotene D. Iron 10) Specific molecule with a precise metabolic function A. Nutrient B. Digestion C. Chemical D. All of the Above True/ False Section 11) The physical and chemical break down of food is called Digestion? A. True B. False 12) Hydrolytic breakdown of ingested food that occurs in compartments. Can be intracellular or extracellular is called Physical Digestion? A. True B. False 13) The uptake of small nutrient molecules by an organism's body. Occurs in the intestine is called absorption? A. True B. False 14) Absorption of water mainly occurs in the small intestine? A. True B. False 15) Carbohydrates are the starches and sugars present in foods? A. True B. False 16) Disaccharide is a simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate? A. True B. False 17) The nutrient that helps perform chemical reactions in the body is water? A. True B. False 18) Fats are made up of only carbon? A. True B. False 19) The nutrient that is normally the most costly part of a ration is Protein? A. True B. False 20) Extra carbohydrates are stored as Fats/Lipids? A. True B. False Fill in the Blank 21) What is the only nutrient that contains nitrogen? ____________ 22) How much more energy does fats have than carbohydrates? ________________ 23) What are organic compounds made up of amino acids? _____________ 24) What are the two types of vitamins? _____________________________ 25) There are how many known vitamins in animal nutrition? _________ 26) What are important for the formation of catalysts and enzymes that support growth and body maintenance in animals? _________________ 27) What are the water soluble vitamins? _______________ 28) What vitamin is synthesized in the skin? ____________________ 29) What vitamin is synthesized by rumen microorganisms so supplementation is not necessary? __________________ 30) What is the suggested ration mineral mix for animals with calcium to phosphorus? _____________________________ Label A. B. C. D. E. F.