VOCABULARY REVIEW 1. Magna Carta – document which limited power of the king and protected rights of the accused. 2. Parliament – England’s lawmaking body, similar to our Congress. Parliament limited the power of the king. 3. Independent Judiciary – Courts are independent of rulers, so they are more fair. 4. Habeas Corpus – Must show proof before arresting someone. 5. Humanism – an organized movement based on the idea that each person has the potential to be successful and to pursue his/her own interests 6. Renaissance Man – someone who excels in many areas, including arts, academics, athletics, etc. 7. Individualism – belief that each person matters 8. perspective – art technique used to create depth by making objects in the foreground bigger than the background 9. fresco – style of painting done on wet plaster (usually a mural) 10.sfumato – Italian for “smoky”, technique used to blend details to look more realistic 11.chiaroscuro – means “light & dark”; use of light and shadow to make something look realistic and 3-D 12.patrons – wealthy people who sponsored artists financially 13.Medici – powerful & wealthy Italian family who supported many artist in Florence 14.Florence – Italian city with great wealth where the Renaissance began 15.Sistine Chapel – famous ceiling painted by Michelangelo, took four years 16.Michelangelo – famous Renaissance painter and sculptor 17.Leonardo Da Vinci – famous Renaissance painter and inventor 18.Johannes Gutenberg – the inventor of the printing press 19.vernacular – the local language spoken by people in a country PART I – Homework option A - Create a crossword puzzle using the words and definitions above on either puzzlemaker.com or armouredpenguin.com, or Homework option B - Make your own Quizlet using the above words. PART II – Answer the following in complete sentences. 1. How did Humanism lead to the Renaissance? 2. How was Renaissance art different from Medieval Art? 3. What were two effects of the printing press? 4. Explain two reasons why feudalism declined. 5. What were two effects of the Magna Carta? Be specific. 6. How did the Magna Carta help protect the rights of those accused of a crime? 7. Explain two effects of the Plague.