Acidosis Adventitious Breath Sounds Alkalosis Allergen Asthma

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Acidosis
Adventitious
Breath Sounds
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Alkalosis
Allergen
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Anaphylaxis
(anaphylactic shock)
Asthma
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Atelectasis
Bronchial
Breath Sounds
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Abnormal breath sounds such as wheezes,
rhonchi, and rales.
A pathologic condition that results from the
accumulation of acids in the body.
A substance that causes an allergic reaction.
The buildup of excess base (lack of acids) in the
body fluids.
An acute spasm of the smaller air passages,
called bronchioles, associated with excessive
mucus production and with swelling of the
mucous lining of the respiratory passages.
An extreme, life-threatening systemic allergic
reaction that may include shock and respiratory
failure.
Normal breath sounds made by air moving
through the bronchi.
Collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs.
Bronchiolitis
Bronchitis
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Carbon Dioxide
Retention
Carbon
Monoxide
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Chronic
Bronchitis
Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease
(COPD)
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Common Cold
Croup
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
An acute or chronic inflammation of the lung
that may damage lung tissue; usually associated
with cough and production of sputum and,
depending on its cause, sometimes fever.
Inflammation of the bronchioles that usually
occurs in children younger than 2 years and is
often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus.
An odorless, highly poisonous gas that results
from incomplete oxidation of carbon in
combustion.
A condition characterized by a chronically high
blood level of carbon dioxide in which the
respiratory center no longer responds to high
blood levels of carbon dioxide.
A slow process of dilation and disruption of the
airways and alveoli caused by chronic bronchial
obstruction.
Irritation of the major lung passageways from
infectious disease or irritants such as smoke.
An inflammatory disease of the upper
respiratory system that may cause a partial
airway obstruction and is characterized by a
barking cough; usually seen in children.
A viral infection usually associated with swollen
nasal mucous membranes and the production of
fluid from the sinuses and nose.
Diphtheria
Dyspnea
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Embolus
Emphysema
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Epidemic
Wheezing
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Epiglottis
Hay Fever
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
An infectious disease in which a membrane
forms, lining the pharynx; this lining can
severely obstruct the passage of air into the
larynx.
A disease of the lungs in which there is extreme
dilation and eventual destruction of the
pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen
and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease.
A blood clot or other substance in the circulatory
system that travels to a blood vessel where it
causes a blockage.
The production of whistling sounds during
expiration such as occurs in asthma and
bronchiolitis.
Occurs when new cases of a disease occur in a
human population and substantially exceed what
is "expected," based on recent experience.
An allergic response usually to outdoor airborne
allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor
allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; also
called allergic rhinitis.
A disease in which the epiglottis becomes
inflamed and enlarged and may cause an upper
airway obstruction.
Hyperventilation
Respiratory Emergencies
Hyperventilation
Syndrome
(Panic Attack)
Respiratory Emergencies
Hypoxia
Hypoxic Drive
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Influenza Type
Meningococcal
Meningitis
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Metered Dose
Inhaler (MDI)
Respiratory Emergencies
Methicillin-resistant
Staphylococcus aureus
(MRSA)
Respiratory Emergencies
This syndrome occurs in the absence of other
physical problems. The respirations of a person
who is experiencing hyperventilation syndrome
may be as high as 40 shallow breaths/min or as
low as only 20 very deep breaths/min.
Rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood
carbon dioxide level below normal.
A "backup system" to control respiration;
senses drops in the oxygen level in the blood.
A dangerous condition in which the body tissues
and cells do not have enough oxygen.
An inflammation of the meningeal
coverings of the brain and spinal
cord; can be highly contagious.
A Virus that has crossed the
animal/human barrier and has
infected humans, recently reaching a
pandemic level with the H1N1
strain.
A bacterium that causes infections
in different parts of the body and is
often resistant to commonly used
antibiotics; can be found on the
skin, in surgical wounds, in the
bloodstream, lungs, and urinary
tract.
A miniature spray canister used to
direct medications through the
mouth and into the lungs.
Oxygenation
Pandemic
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Pertussis
(whooping cough)
Pleural Effusion
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Pleuritic Chest
Pain
Pneumonia
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Pneumonitis
Pneumothorax
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
An outbreak that occurs on a global
scale.
The process of delivering oxygen to
the blood by diffusion from the
alveoli following inhalation into the
lungs.
A collection of fluid between the
lung and chest wall that may
compress the lung.
An airborne bacterial infection that
affects mostly children younger than
6 years. Patients will be feverish and
exhibit a "whoop" sound on
inspiration after a coughing attack;
highly contagious through droplet
infection.
An inflammation/infection of the
lung from a bacterial, viral, or
fungal cause.
Sharp, stabbing pain in the chest
that is worsened by a deep breath or
other chest wall movement; often
caused by inflammation or irritation
of the pleura.
A partial or complete accumulation
of air in the pleural space.
Inflammation of the lung.
Pulmonary
Edema
Respiratory Emergencies
Rales
Pulmonary
Embolism
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiration
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Syncytial
Virus (RSV)
Rhonchi
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Severe Acute
Respiratory Syndrome
(SARS)
Small Volume
Nebulizer
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
A blood clot that breaks off from a
large vein and travels to the blood
vessels of the lung, causing
obstruction of blood flow.
A buildup of fluid in the lungs,
usually as a result of congestive
heart failure.
The process of exchanging oxygen
and carbon dioxide.
A crackling, rattling breath sound
that signals fluid in the air spaces of
the lungs; also called crackles
Coarse, low-pitched breath sounds
heard in patients with chronic
mucus in the upper airways.
A virus that causes an infection of
the lungs and breathing passages;
can lead to other serious illnesses
that affect the lungs or heart, such
as bronchiolitis and pneumonia.
RSV is highly contagious and spread
through droplets.
A respiratory device that holds
liquid medicine that is turned into a
fine mist. The patient inhales the
medication into the airways and
lungs as a treatment for conditions
like asthma.
Potentially life-threatening viral
infection that usually starts with
flulike symptoms.
Stridor
Tuberculosis
(TB)
Respiratory Emergencies
Respiratory Emergencies
Vesicular Breath
Sounds
Respiratory Emergencies
A chronic bacterial disease, caused
by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that
usually affects the lungs but can also
affect other organs such as the brain
and kidneys.
A high-pitched noise heard
primarily on inspiration.
Normal breath sounds made by air
moving in and out of the alveoli.
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