Acidosis Adventitious Breath Sounds Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Alkalosis Allergen Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Anaphylaxis (anaphylactic shock) Asthma Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Atelectasis Bronchial Breath Sounds Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Abnormal breath sounds such as wheezes, rhonchi, and rales. A pathologic condition that results from the accumulation of acids in the body. A substance that causes an allergic reaction. The buildup of excess base (lack of acids) in the body fluids. An acute spasm of the smaller air passages, called bronchioles, associated with excessive mucus production and with swelling of the mucous lining of the respiratory passages. An extreme, life-threatening systemic allergic reaction that may include shock and respiratory failure. Normal breath sounds made by air moving through the bronchi. Collapse of the alveolar air spaces of the lungs. Bronchiolitis Bronchitis Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Carbon Dioxide Retention Carbon Monoxide Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Chronic Bronchitis Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Common Cold Croup Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies An acute or chronic inflammation of the lung that may damage lung tissue; usually associated with cough and production of sputum and, depending on its cause, sometimes fever. Inflammation of the bronchioles that usually occurs in children younger than 2 years and is often caused by the respiratory syncytial virus. An odorless, highly poisonous gas that results from incomplete oxidation of carbon in combustion. A condition characterized by a chronically high blood level of carbon dioxide in which the respiratory center no longer responds to high blood levels of carbon dioxide. A slow process of dilation and disruption of the airways and alveoli caused by chronic bronchial obstruction. Irritation of the major lung passageways from infectious disease or irritants such as smoke. An inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory system that may cause a partial airway obstruction and is characterized by a barking cough; usually seen in children. A viral infection usually associated with swollen nasal mucous membranes and the production of fluid from the sinuses and nose. Diphtheria Dyspnea Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Embolus Emphysema Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Epidemic Wheezing Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Epiglottis Hay Fever Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. An infectious disease in which a membrane forms, lining the pharynx; this lining can severely obstruct the passage of air into the larynx. A disease of the lungs in which there is extreme dilation and eventual destruction of the pulmonary alveoli with poor exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide; it is one form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A blood clot or other substance in the circulatory system that travels to a blood vessel where it causes a blockage. The production of whistling sounds during expiration such as occurs in asthma and bronchiolitis. Occurs when new cases of a disease occur in a human population and substantially exceed what is "expected," based on recent experience. An allergic response usually to outdoor airborne allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; also called allergic rhinitis. A disease in which the epiglottis becomes inflamed and enlarged and may cause an upper airway obstruction. Hyperventilation Respiratory Emergencies Hyperventilation Syndrome (Panic Attack) Respiratory Emergencies Hypoxia Hypoxic Drive Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Influenza Type Meningococcal Meningitis Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) Respiratory Emergencies Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Respiratory Emergencies This syndrome occurs in the absence of other physical problems. The respirations of a person who is experiencing hyperventilation syndrome may be as high as 40 shallow breaths/min or as low as only 20 very deep breaths/min. Rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood carbon dioxide level below normal. A "backup system" to control respiration; senses drops in the oxygen level in the blood. A dangerous condition in which the body tissues and cells do not have enough oxygen. An inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord; can be highly contagious. A Virus that has crossed the animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reaching a pandemic level with the H1N1 strain. A bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body and is often resistant to commonly used antibiotics; can be found on the skin, in surgical wounds, in the bloodstream, lungs, and urinary tract. A miniature spray canister used to direct medications through the mouth and into the lungs. Oxygenation Pandemic Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Pertussis (whooping cough) Pleural Effusion Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Pleuritic Chest Pain Pneumonia Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Pneumonitis Pneumothorax Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies An outbreak that occurs on a global scale. The process of delivering oxygen to the blood by diffusion from the alveoli following inhalation into the lungs. A collection of fluid between the lung and chest wall that may compress the lung. An airborne bacterial infection that affects mostly children younger than 6 years. Patients will be feverish and exhibit a "whoop" sound on inspiration after a coughing attack; highly contagious through droplet infection. An inflammation/infection of the lung from a bacterial, viral, or fungal cause. Sharp, stabbing pain in the chest that is worsened by a deep breath or other chest wall movement; often caused by inflammation or irritation of the pleura. A partial or complete accumulation of air in the pleural space. Inflammation of the lung. Pulmonary Edema Respiratory Emergencies Rales Pulmonary Embolism Respiratory Emergencies Respiration Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Rhonchi Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Small Volume Nebulizer Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies A blood clot that breaks off from a large vein and travels to the blood vessels of the lung, causing obstruction of blood flow. A buildup of fluid in the lungs, usually as a result of congestive heart failure. The process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide. A crackling, rattling breath sound that signals fluid in the air spaces of the lungs; also called crackles Coarse, low-pitched breath sounds heard in patients with chronic mucus in the upper airways. A virus that causes an infection of the lungs and breathing passages; can lead to other serious illnesses that affect the lungs or heart, such as bronchiolitis and pneumonia. RSV is highly contagious and spread through droplets. A respiratory device that holds liquid medicine that is turned into a fine mist. The patient inhales the medication into the airways and lungs as a treatment for conditions like asthma. Potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flulike symptoms. Stridor Tuberculosis (TB) Respiratory Emergencies Respiratory Emergencies Vesicular Breath Sounds Respiratory Emergencies A chronic bacterial disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain and kidneys. A high-pitched noise heard primarily on inspiration. Normal breath sounds made by air moving in and out of the alveoli.