Midterm Review Guide

AP US History Review Guide
Semester 1: Periods 1-5
Instructions: Match the following people to their contributions/significance in American history
1. F Christopher Columbus
a. English philosopher and political thinker who believed in government based
upon the will of the governed. Locke’s republicanism influenced American
colonists in the eighteenth century
2. Q Henry David Thoreau
b. Massachusetts educator who called for publicly funded education for all
c. American writer, scientist, inventor, and diplomat who negotiated the
Treaty of Alliance with France during the American Revolution.
3. N Roger Williams
4. A John Locke
d. Revolutionary leader who played an instrumental role in the vote for
American independence. After the American Revolution he served as U.S.
minister to Great Britain, first vice-president of the United States and
second president of the United States
5. H Adam Smith
e. Chief author of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Virginia
during the American Revolution, U.S. minister to France after the
Revolution, second vice-president, and third president of the United States
6. K George Washington
7. C Benjamin Franklin
8. D John Adams
Political leader from Kentucky and leading member of the Whig Party who
worked to keep the Union together through compromise.
g. Advocate of women’s rights, including the right to vote, who organized
(with Lucretia Mott) the first women’s rights convention at Seneca Falls, NY.
h. Scottish philosopher whose ideas helped fuel the creation of the market
system in the U.S. He believed free market competition would benefit
society as a whole by keeping prices low and building in an incentive for a
wide variety of goods and services.
9. E Thomas Jefferson
10. M Alexander Hamilton
11. O John Marshall
k. Commander in chief of the Continental Army during the American
Revolution. First President of the United States under the U.S. Constitution.
12. G Elizabeth Cady Stanton
13. B Horace Mann
Former slave who became a significant leader in the abolitionist movement.
Known for his great oratorical skills.
Led a voyage to the present-day Bahamas and claimed the land he explored
for the king and queen of Spain
Radical abolitionist in Massachusetts who published The Liberator, an
antislavery newspaper.
m. First Secretary of the Treasury who funded the national debt through excise
taxes, tariffs, and the sale of western land. As Secretary of Treasury he also
used the power of the national government to assume state debts and
create a Bank of the United States.
14. L William Lloyd Garrison
n. Christian preacher whose tour of the English colonies attracted big crowds
and sparked the Great Awakening.
15. P Sojourner Truth
o. Appointed to the Supreme Court by John Adams in 1801, he served as chief
justice until 1835. His legal decisions gave the Supreme Court more power,
strengthened the federal government and protecting private property
16. I Frederick Douglas
p. Former slave (freed in 1827) who became a leading abolitionist and
q. Writer and naturalist. He became America’s best known transcendentalist.
17. F Henry Clay
Time Periods
Instructions: Match the time period to the source that best represents it
Period 1 (1491-1607): “The Age of
Period 4 (1800-1844): Building an
Exploration and Conquest”
American Identity
Period 2 (1607-1754): “We Made it!”
Period 5 (1844-1877): Civil War and
Period 3 (1754-1800): “Break Free”
18. “As I saw that they were very friendly to us, and
perceived that they could be much more easily
converted to our holy faith by gentle means than by
force… It appears to me, that the people are ingenious,
and would be good servants and I am of opinion that
they would very readily become Christians, as they
appear to have no religion.”
Period 1: Columbus
19. “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought
forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in
liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men
are created equal.”
Period 5: Lincoln
20. I think that “twixt the Negros of the South and the
women at the North, all talking about rights, the white
men will be in a fix pretty soon. But what’s all this
here talking about? Then they talk about this thing in
the head… intellect… What’s that got to do with
women’s rights or negro’s rights? If my cup won’t hold
but a pint, and yours a quart, wouldn’t you be mean
not to let me have my little half-measure full? Then
that little man in the black there, he says women can’t
have as much rights as men ‘cause Christ wasn’t a
women! Where did Christ come from?... From God and
a woman! Man had nothing to do with Him.”
Period 5: Sojourner Truth
21. “And it is now firmly settled by the decisions of the
highest court in the state that Scott and his family,
upon their return, were not free, but were, by the laws
of Missouri, the property of the defendant; and that
the Circuit Court of the United States has no
jurisdiction when by the laws of the state, the plaintiff
was a slave and not a citizen.”
Period 5: CJ Taney
22. “I have already intimated to you the danger of parties
in the State, with particular reference to the founding of
them on geographical discriminations... It agitates the
community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms,
kindles the animosity of one part against another, and
foments occasionally riot and insurrection…”
Period 3: Washington
23. "I long to hear that you have declared an
independency. And, by the way, in the new code of laws
which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I
desire you would remember the ladies and be more
generous and favorable to them than your ancestors.
Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the
husbands. Remember, all men would be tyrants if they
Period 3: Abigail Adams
24. “Small islands not capable of protecting themselves are
the proper objects for kingdoms to take under their care;
but there is something very absurd in supposing a
continent to be perpetually governed by an island. In no
instance hath nature made the satellite larger than its
primary planet; and as England and American, with respect
to each other, reverse the common order of nature, it is
evident that they belong to different systems. England to
Europe: America to itself.”
Period 3: Thomas Paine
Causes of Significant Events
Instructions: Match the causes to the event. Some events may have more than one cause. Some causes may be used
more than once.
Possible Causes:
Desire to spread Christianity
Second Great Awakening
The Enlightenment
High Taxes
Sectionalist Conflict
Invention of the Cotton Gin
Columbian Exchange
Manifest Destiny
Grievances against the King
Elastic Clause
Marbury vs. Madison
X,Y,Z Affair
25. High Taxes
Shay’s Rebellion
26. Marbury v. Madison
Set a precedent of judicial review
27. XYZ Affair
Alien and Sedition Acts
28. Mercantilism
American Colonization
29. Sectionalist conflict
Civil War
30. Invention of the Cotton Gin
Market Revolution
31. Manifest Destiny
Louisiana Purchase
32. Grievances against the King
American Revolution
33. Manifest Destiny
Trail of Tears
34. Enlightenment
Women’s Suffrage Movement
35. Columbian Exchange
Decline in Native American population
36. Invention of the Cotton Gin
Increased demand for free labor
37. Invention of the Cotton Gin
Rise of Northern factories
38. Grievances against the King
Declaration of Independence
39. Elastic Clause
Increase in power of the Federal Gov.
40. Mercantilism
French and Indian War
41. Spread of Christianity
Temperance Movement
42. Grievances against the King
Tar and feathering
43. Spread of Christianity
Encomienda System
Chronology of American History
Instructions: Put the following events into chronological order:
Discovery of America
French and Indian War
Civil War
13th, 14th, 15th Amendments War of 1812
Election of Lincoln
Republican Motherhood
Stamp Act
Northwest Ordinance
Pueblo Revolt
Settlement of Jamestown
Emancipation Proclamation
Ratification of the Constitution Washington’s Farwell Address Bill of Rights
Discovery of America
Jamestown – 1607
Pueblo Revolt – 1680
French and Indian War – 1754
Stamp Act – 1765
American Revolution – 1775
Articles of Confederation – 1777
Ratification of the Constitution – 1787
Northwest Ordinance – 1787
Republican Motherhood – 1790
Bill of Rights – 1791
Washington’s Farewell Address – 1796
War of 1812 – Hmmm
Mexican-American War – 1846
Seneca Falls Convention – 1848
Election of Lincoln – 1860
Emancipation Proclamation – 1863
13th, 14th, & 15th Amendments - 1865
American Revolution
Mexican American War
Seneca Falls Convention
Articles of Confederation