Green and Sustainable Chemistry Green and Sustainable Chemistry is an international, peer-reviewed , open access , online journal, publishing original research, reports, reviews and commentaries on all areas about reducing the environmental impact of chemicals and fuels by developing alternative and sustainable technologies that are non-toxic to living things and the environment. For more information, please visit journal homepage: www.scirp.org/Journal/gsc . Green and Sustainable Chemistry is published by Scientific Research Publishing ( SRP ) which was established in 2007 and currently has more than 100 journals published. SRP specializes in the rapid publication of quality peer-reviewed journals across the broad spectrum of science, technology, life science and medicine. Aims & Scope Biotechnology Alternatives Chemical Aspects of Renewable Energy Design of New, Greener and Safer Chemicals and Materials Environmentally Improved Routes and Methods Improved Process Engineering Improved Production Methods, Formulation and Delivery Systems Methodologies and Tools for Measuring Environmental Impact Sustainable Resources The Use of Biotechnology Alternatives to Chemistry-based Solutions Editorial Board Editors in Chief Prof.Nour-Eddine ES-SAFI Ecole Normale Supérieure, Morocco Prof.Liang-Nian He Nankai University, China Editorial Board Prof.Pradip K. Bhowmik University of Nevada Las Vegas, USA Prof.David A. Cleary Gonzaga University, USA Dr.Monika Gupta University of Jammu, India Prof.Chang-Sik Ha Pusan National University, Korea (South) Prof.Chin-pao Huang University of Delaware, USA Prof.Mo Hunsen Kenyon College, USA Budapest University of Technology and Prof.György Keglevich Economics, Hungary Prof.Andrei I. Khlebnikov Altai State Technical University, Russia Prof.Teruyuki Kondo Kyoto University, Japan Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Prof.Roberto Fernández Lafuente Spain The Chinese Academy of Sciences (ICCAS), Prof.Zhimin Liu China Prof.Yuezhong Meng Sun Yat-Sen University, China Prof.Akbar Mobinikhaledi University of Arak, Iran Prof.Ram S. Mohan Illinois Wesleyan University, USA Prof.José Antonio Mayoral University of Zaragoza, Spain Murillo Prof.Kotohiro Nomura Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan Prof.Likun Pan East China Normal University, China Prof.Cyril Párkányi Florida Atlantic University, USA Prof.Anand V. Patwardhan Nathalal M. Parekh Marg, India Prof.Sang-Eon Park Inha University, Korea (South) Istituto di Chimica dei Composti Organometallici, Prof.Maurizio Peruzzini ICCOM CNR, Italy Prof.Yongsoon Shin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA Prof.Piotr Stepnowski University of Gdańsk, Poland Prof.Steven L. Suib University of Connecticut, USA Prof.Mahmoud Farag Mahmoud Advanced materials and Nanotechnology Group, Zawrah NRC, Egypt Prof.Silvia Licoccia University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy Institute of Materials for Photovoltaics (E-I5) Prof.Abdelkrim Chemseddine Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH, Germany Prof.Ali Ramazani Zanjan University, Iran Dr.Amany Abdel Haleim National Research Centre, Egypt El-Kheshen Prof.Andrew Tsotinis University of Athens, Greece Prof.Artur Manuel Soares Silva Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal Prof.Ashok Kumar Singh Indian Institute of Technology, India Prof.Ashraf Mostafa Kamal The German University, Egypt Hassan Abadi Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Prof.Asim Bhaumik India Prof.Ayman Ahmed El-Faham Science-Alexandria University, Egypt Prof.Bhisma Kumar Patel Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India Prof.BIRINCHI KUMAR DAS Gauhati University, India Prof.C. Sanjeeviraja Alagappa University, India Prof.Chieh-ming James Chang National Chung Hsing University, Chinese Taipei Prof.Chi-Wi ONG National Sun Yat Sen University, Chinese Taipei Prof.George Bratulescu University of Craiova, Romania East China University of Science and Technology, Prof.Gonghua Song China Prof.Gurdip Singh D.D.U Gorakhpur University, India Prof.Hiroaki Tada Kinki University, Japan Prof.Hongjie Zhang Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Faculty of Science and Technologies Marrakesh Prof.Ismael SAADOUNE Morocco, Morocco Prof.James M. Cook University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA Prof.Jie-Sheng Chen Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China Prof.JIN ZHU Nanjing University, China Prof.Jin Ming Gao Northwest A&F University, China Dr.Jo-Shu Chang National Cheng Kung University, China Prof.Józef Drabowicz Jan D?ugosz University, Poland Prof.K.K. Bhasin Panjab University, India Dr.Kailash Chandra Indian Institute of Technology, India Prof.Lijian Liu Wuhan University, China Prof.AVEROUS Luc University of Strasbourg, France Prof.Luiz Everson da Silva Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil Prof.MD. WAHAB KHAN Bangladesh Univ. of Engg. & Tech, Bangladesh Prof.Michael G. Stamatakis National University of Athens, Greece Prof.DARABANTU MIRCEA University Babes-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca, France Dr.Mohamedally Kurmoo UNIVERSITE DE STRASBOURG, Germany Prof.ANDREI I. KHLEBNIKOV Altai State Technical University, Russia Prof.SHAILENDRA KUMAR Atomic Energy Education Society, India KULSHRESHTHA Prof.Nagatoshi Nishiwaki Kochi University of Technology, Japan Prof.Zhihui Shao Yunnan University, China Prof.Zhen Fang Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Dr.Pol Vilas G. Argonne National Laboratory, USA Prof.T. C. (Mike) Chung The Pennsylvania State University, USA Vignan’s Institute of Technology & Aeronautical Prof.S V Ranga Nayakulu Engineering, India Prof.Shichun Mu Wuhan University of Technology, China Prof.Mohammed Abd El-Dayem Alexandria University, Egypt Sallam Prof.Ying-Ling Liu National Tsing Hua Univesity, Chinese Taipei Prof.Yingming Pan Guangxi Normal University, China Prof.Valeria Conte University of Roma Tor Vergata, Italy Dr.Valerian Dragutan Romanian Academy of Sciences, Romania Prof.Yoon-Bong Hahn Chonbuk National University, Korea (South) Prof.Abbas Afkhami Bu-Ali Sina University, Iran Prof.Wenfeng Shangguan Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China Prof.Xiuling Cui Huaqiao University, China Dr.Venkateswara Rao Batchu Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, India Prof.Akkal Salah University of Constantine, Algeria Prof.Nelson Belzile Laurentian University, Canada Prof.Yves Blache Université du Sud Toulon-Var, France Prof.Sarani bt. Zakaria Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia Prof.Zhong-Yong YUAN Nankai University, China Prof.Ying Yu Huazhong Normal University, China Prof.Darabantu Mircea University Babes-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca, Romania Prof.Yoon-Sik Lee Seoul National University, Korea (South) Benefit of Open Access For Authors: Gain increased visibility and ultimately a citation advantage. For Readers: Keep abreast of the professional advancement free of charge. For Institutions: Minimize the scientific investment on knowledge access For Academia: Share the knowledge faster and on a larger scale; Accelerate the development of a given field. For Society: Minimize the cost and time of information exchange; Speed up the process of converting scientific results to productive force; Enable the public to benefit more rapidly from the advance of science and technology; Narrow the gap between the developed and developing countries.