Kingdom Animalia Invertebrates Unit Seven Major Vocabulary: Kingdom Animalia, multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic, mobile, lateral, dorsal, ventral, anterior, posterior, cross-sectional view, longitudinal section view, radial symmetry, bilateral symmetry, Phylum Porifera, pores, sessile, filter-feeding, collar cells, flagella, spicule, spongin, oscullum, Phylum Cnideria, tentacles, stinging cells, medusa, polyp, coral reef, biome, Phylum Platyhelminthes, incomplete gut, complete gut, regeneration, Phylum Nematoda, parasite, Phylum Annelida, setae, clitellum, Phylum Echinodermata, tube feet, water vascular system, Phylum Mollusca, mantle, muscular foot, radula, gills, calcium carbonate, regeneration, bivalve, univalve, cephalopod, Phylum Arthropoda, exoskeleton, jointed appendages, dorsal heart, ventral nerve cord, segmented body, larvae, metamorphosis, molting, swimmerets, chitin, insecta, crustacean, chilopoda, diplopoda, arachnida. Major Concepts and Skills: 1. List the major characteristics of Kingdom Animalia (multicellular, heterotrophic, eukaryotic, mobile at some point during lifetime). 2. Identify the following anatomical terms while observing a specimen: lateral, dorsal, ventral, anterior, posterior, cross-sectional view, longitudinal section view, radial symmetry, bilateral symmetry. 3. List the 8 major phyla of invertebrate animals and differentiate between them by identifying their major characteristics (porifera, cnideria, platyhelminthes, nematode, annelida, echinodermata, mollusca, arthropoda). 4. Explain the common meanings behind the Latin names given to the 8 phyla of invertebrate animals. 5. Give examples of species belonging to the 8 phyla of invertebrates classified within Kingdom Animalia (ie: basket sponge= Phylum Porifera). 6. Explain how a sponge obtains its food through filter-feeding and identify the major structures involved in this process. 7. Compare the absorption capabilities of a natural sponge and a synthetic sponge. 8. Describe the mechanisms by which cniderians sting their prey to obtain food. 9. Differentiate between medusa and polyp forms of cniderians and give examples of species belonging to each group. 10. Observe the asexual reproductive process of “budding” in specimens of hydra. 11. Discuss the impact that humans, the environment, and other living things have on the survival of coral reef biomes. 12. Differentiate between the three phyla of worms (platyhelminthes, nematoda, annelida). 13. Observe anatomical and behavioral differences and similarities between two common species of annelids (earthworms and leeches). 14. Classify species of Mollusks by using field guides to identify various shells. 15. Differentiate between bivalve, univalve, and cephalopod mollusks and give examples of species belonging to each group. 16. Explain how a mollusk creates a pearl and identify the major structures involved in this process. 17. Describe the predator- prey relationship between echinoderms and mollusks. 18. Describe how an echinoderm goes through the process of regeneration. 19. Differentiate between the five classes classified within Phylum Arthropoda (insecta, crustacean, chilopoda, diplopoda, arachnida). 20. Explain the metamorphosis insects go through from the larval stage to adulthood. 21. Describe the geographical differences between the major biomes of the world. 22. Create an imaginative “new” species of arthropod, assign it a Latin genus and species name, describe its habitat, and describe the adaptations it uses to survive in its unique biome.