8th Grade American History Vocabulary - POLK-FL


8th Grade American History Vocabulary

Abolition - An end to slavery American Revolution - War between U.S. colonies and Great Britain in which the colonies gained their independence Citizen - a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to the government and is entitled to protection from a government Civil War - The war between Northern and Southern states which ultimately ended slavery and solidified unification of the country Confederacy - Nation formed by the Southern States on February 4th, 1861 Declaration of Independence - Statement of the Second Continental Congress that defined the colonists rights, outlined their complaints against Great Britain and declared the colonies independence1776 Desegregation - Ending the separation of people based on race Discrimination - unfair difference in treatment based on prejudice Due process - fair application of law Emancipation Proclamation - 1862 order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the union. Took effect January 1, 1863 Imperialism - the practice of building empires by founding colonies or conquering other nations Jim Crowe laws - laws that enforce segregation in the southern states Loyalists - colonists who sided with Britain in the American Revolution Mercantilism - practice of creating and maintaining wealth by carefully controlling trade, as in countries using colonies for financial resources Participatory government - a type of government in which citizens are actively involved in choosing government officials and determining policies Patriots - American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain Prejudice - unfair treatment of someone based on race, religion, gender, or place of birth Reconstruction - period following the Civil War during which the U.S. government worked to reunite the nation and rebuild the southern states Segregation - forced separation of people of different races in public places Veto - to cancel, as in a presidential veto World power - a developed nation with substantial economic and military influence World war - a world-wide conflict spanning multiple continents