Ancient Greece Study online at quizlet.com/_78udv 1. 2. 3. Acropolis the hill above a Greek city, on which temples were built 23. Socrates conquered land as far away as India, brilliant general a great ancient Greek philosopher who taught by asking his students thought-provoking questions Alexander the Great 24. Tyranny/Dictatorship form of government in which there is no ruler or formal laws a harsh form of government when the ruler has absolute power Anarchy 25. Zeus Ruler of the gods 4. Aristotle a great Greek philosopher; a tutor of Alexander the Great; and the author of works on logic, science and politics 5. Athena Daughter of Zeus; goddess of wisdom and war 6. Corinthian The capital (top) is intricate, with leaves and vines as part of the design Direct Democracy form of government in which people vote on the laws that will govern them 8. Doric The capital (top) is simple. It is basically just a block. 9. Drama the art of writing, acting in and producing plays 10. Golden Age time period of peace and wealth Hereditary Monarchy form of government in which there is a king (or queen) who is usually the oldest son of the last king. 12. Ionic The capital (top) is a scroll, or curlicue. 13. myth a traditional story that helps explain a culture's beliefs 14. Oligarchy form of government ruled by a few, generally wealthy and infuluential men 15. Parthenon temple built in honor of Athena during the golden age 16. Parthenon the temple built on the acropolis above Athens, honoring the goddess Athena Peloponnesian War 431 to 404 B.C.E. the war fought between Athens and Sparta that involved other citystates Pericles a great leader who developed Athen's culture, democracy and power during its Golden Age Persian Empire a vast empire in the 400s B.C.E. that ruled over lands in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia 20. Persian wars 490-479 B.C.E. the period of fighting waged between the Persian Empire and the allied Greek city-states for control of land in Greece 21. Philosophy "the love of wisdom" Representative Democracy form of government in which people elect people to make rules that will govern them 7. 11. 17. 18. 19. 22.