View A&P Airframe Textbook Answer Key

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prior permission of the publisher.
Cover: Structural reconstruction of an IAI Westwind fuselage. Photo taken in cooperation with
Straight Flight, Inc., Centennial, Colorado.
Jeppesen
55 Inverness Drive East
Englewood, CO 80112-5498
Web Site: www.jeppesen.com
Email: [email protected]
Copyright © Jeppesen
All Rights Reserved. Published 2009
ANSWERS
AIRCRAFT
STRUCTURAL
ASSEMBLY AND
RIGGING
SECTION 1A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
truss
stressed-skin, monocoque
semi-monocoque
semi-monocoque
fail-safe
attack
low
ribs
behind
truss
drag
cantilever
chemical, electrochemical
stiffness
ahead of
corrugating
a. ailerons
b. rudder
c. elevator
inboard
spoiler
performance, drag,
wingtip vortices
Vortex generators
empennage
dorsal
stabilator
anti-servo
ruddervators
fuselage
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
Pratt
Warren
conventional
tricycle
parasite
pressure
fins
cowl flaps
open
a. beneath the wing
b. at the rear fuselage
SECTION 1B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
a. longitudinal, roll
b. lateral, pitch
c. vertical, yaw
longitudinal (roll)
lateral (pitch)
vertical (yaw)
rudder
a. static
b. dynamic
a. longitudinal (pitch)
b. lateral (roll)
c. vertical (yaw)
stabilizer
elevators
downward
up
rearward
down
up
balance
aileron drag
up
Frise
interconnect springs
right
trim tab
opposite
anti-servo
same
opposite
high
jackscrew
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
down
drag
increase
slotted
Fowler
slot, aileron
a. hydraulically
b. electrically
camber
root
at the wing root
vortices
high, low
Winglets
wing fence
canard
irreversible
a. ailerons
b. flight spoilers
two
yaw damper
a. Kreuger flaps
b. variable camber
leading edge flaps
Type Certificate Data
Sheets
washed-out
droop
a. 1 X 7 or 1 X 19
b. 7 X 7
c. 7 X 19
a. 75%
b. 100%
60%
a. wear
b. corrosion
may not
a. 92
b. 52
c. 70
d. 25
three
four
is not
positive
decalage
A-2
Answers
62.
63.
64.
65.
landing
lower
cycle
a. metal fatigue
b. corrosion
66. tests and inspection,
aging aircraft program
SECTION 1C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
autorotational
(autorotative)
vertical tail rotor
a. fore & aft counterrotating rotors
b. co-axial counterrotating rotors.
feather
a. gravity
b. centrifugal force
c. lift
d. drag
symmetrical
a. rigidity in space
b. precession
Precession
Coriolis effect
underslung
less than one diameter
Out of Ground Effect
In Ground Effect
advancing
forward
flap, feather
retreating
high
translational
autorotational
downward
upward
collective
correlator, governor
collective
cyclic
synchronized elevator
irreversible
pedals
fenestron
unstable
a. stabilizer bar
b. offset flapping hinges
c. stability
augmentation
beat
low
vertical
lateral
a. statically
b. dynamically
38. a. chordwise
b. spanwise
39. a. marking stick or flag
b. strobe light
c. infrared light
40. on the ground
41. in-flight
42. fan
43. collective
44. a. direct-shaft
b. free turbine
45. clutch
46. freewheeling
SHEET METAL
STRUCTURES
SECTION 2A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
aluminum
a. monocoque
b. semi-monocoque
a. strength
b. stiffness
c. shape
a. tension
b. compression
c. torsion
d. bending
e. shear
compressive
tensile
compression, tension
a. tensile (tension)
b. shear
shear
concentrate, crosssectional area
stop-drill
are
a. copper
b. copper
c. magnesium
d. zinc
1xxx
2024
pure aluminum, rolled
scratches, abrasions
solution
precipitation
softened
21. a. –F
b. –O
c. –T4
d. –T3
e. –T6
f. –H12
g. –H18
22. lighter
23. a. cracks easily
b. corrodes easily
c. burns readily
24. strength, weight
25. high
a. firewalls
b. exhaust systems
26. a. high strength
b. light weight
c. stiffness
27. a. cladding with pure
aluminum
b. covering with an
impenetrable oxide
film
c. covering with primer
and paint
28. a. An area of electrode
potential difference
b. A conductive path
between these areas.
c. An electrolyte covering
the surface
29. will not
30. a. electrolytically
b. chemically
SECTION 2B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
should not
should not, the part will
crack when it is bent
Carbon infuses into the
metal, which will cause the
part to weaken and crack.
are
transfer
pin
nibbler
a. green
b. red
c. yellow
countersunk
squaring shear
a. tip
b. body
c. shank
30
box
a. silver
b. copper
A-3
Answers
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
c. black
d. brass
hole finder
chip chaser
1/16th, 1/32nd
a. countersunk
b. universal
c. round
d. flat
countersunk, dimpled
a. 1100
b. 2117
c. 2017
d. 2024
e. 5056
a. 1100
b. 5056
c. 2117
d. 2017
e. 2024
f. 7050
B
heat treated, icebox
blind
rivnut
Dzus, Airloc, Camlock
21. a. 0.420”
b. 0.219”
c. 0.328”
d. 0.214”
e. 0.196”
22. stretched
23. may
24. flanged
25. joggling
SECTION 2D
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
SECTION 2C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
1 1/2
two
three, ten to twelve
75%
a. #40
b. #30
c. #21
d. #11
100
coin
hot
one-shot
inside
a. three
b. two
c. one
across
a. 0
b. 2-4t (.064”-.128”)
c. 4-6t (.256”-.384”)
mold
setback
BR + MT
K-value or K-factor
(K) times (R+T)
a. 0.290”
b. 0.120”
c. 0.700”
d. 0.625”
bend allowance
13.
14.
15.
burnishing
Structural Repair
data, FAA approved
Inspection Authorization
337
Provides a more gradual
change for stresses to
enter and leave the repair.
1/8th (same size)
An aircraft grade bolt and
self-locking nut.
inboard
Slip roll former.
wet
removing the damaged
area and installing a new
piece of skin.
add
location, approved
sealant
WOOD, COMPOSITE,
AND TRANSPARENT
PLASTIC
STRUCTURES
SECTION 3A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Sitka Spruce
a. cut of the wood
b. slope of the grain
c. number of growth
rings
quarter, shrinkage
1 to 15
a. Resorcinol glue
b. Epoxy resin glue
should not
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
a. pot life
b. open assembly time
c. closed assembly time
d. pressing time
Mahogany
lowest
rot-inhibiting
varnish
rotted
may not
1/10th
5:1
SECTION 3B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
a.
strength and stiffness
can be customized
b. high strength-to-weight
ratio
c. can be formed into
complex curves
a. fiber
b. matrix
c. interface or boundary
between elements
a. S-glass
b. E-glass
Aramid
high stress, vibration
compressive, galvanic
ceramic
parallel
warp
selvage
bias
uni-directional
mats
more
a. thermoplastic
b. thermosetting
little, must be
will, will not
resin, catalyst, catalyst
resin
frozen
shelf, may not
Glass microballoons
chopped fibers, flox
a. honeycomb
b. foam
c. wood
can
epoxy
Urethane
are
Pot, shelf
Material Safety Data Sheets
a. respirator
b. goggles
A-4
c. gloves
32. fire, well ventilated
33. a. Methyl-Ethyl-Ketone
b. Acetone
34. a. Compression
molding
b. Vacuum bagging
c. Filament winding
d. Wet lay-up
e. Fiberglass lay-up
35. a. Seal the surface.
b. Create a moisture an
ultra-violet light
barrier.
36. a. Aluminum wires
woven into the top
layer.
b. Aluminum screens
under the top layer.
c. Aluminum foil
bonded to the outer
layer.
d. Aluminum flame
sprayed onto the
component.
37. a. Visual inspection
b. Tap testing
c. Ultrasonic testing
38. tap test
39. ultrasonic tester
40. may
41. Thermography
42. Aramid
43. backed up
44. should not
45. Carbide
46. respirators
47. Aramid
48. should not
49. cannot
50. unairworthy
51. a. negligible
b. repairable
c. non-repairable
52. routers
53. Step sanding
54. Scarf
55. oil, grease
56. warp clock
57. a. Remove excess resin
b. Compact the fiber
layers
c. Remove trapped air
d. Maintain the original
contour
e. Prevents shifting
58. Vacuum bagging
59. a. Room temperature
curing
Answers
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
b. Heat curing.
is not
heating blankets
Step
Parting, release
Bleeder materials
should not
potting
potted
delamination
temporary, permanent
balsa wood, composite
honeycomb
SECTION 3C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
a. Cellulose acetate base
b. Acrylic
a. Lucite
b. Plexiglas
will not
C
crazed
unsatisfactory
a. stretch forming
b. using male and
female dies
c. vacuum forming
d. vacuum forming with
female dies
slowly, overheating
150
Ethylene dichloride
does
heat treating
brass safety wire, screws,
washers
mild soap
1/8th, expansion
AIRCRAFT WELDING
SECTION 4A
1.
2.
3.
4.
Fusion
Adhesion
a. gas
b. electric arc
c. electrical resistance
a. oxygen
b. acetylene
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
5,600 to 6,300
infrared, ultraviolet, burn
a. arc welding helmet
b. gloves
c. proper clothing
stick
gas metal
MIG
tungsten inert gas, TIG
tungsten
11,000
straight
a. spot
b. seam
a. current
b. pressure
c. dwell time
a. butt
b. tee
c. lap
d. corner
e. edge
a. uniform width
b. good penetration
c. adequate reinforcement
d. uniform ripples
100
capillary
b
tin, lead
silver
SECTION 4B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
does not
hydrogen
cleaner
carburizing
inert gas
oxygen, nitrogen
DC
1/10th, 1/4th
lap
scarf, fish-mouth
heat treated, difficult,
impossible
SECTION 4C
1.
15
2.
4 to 8
3.
acetone
4.
weight
5.
1/4, 1/2
6.
petroleum
7.
gasoline, alcohol,
hydraulic, steam-cleaned
8.
close
9.
right
A-5
Answers
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
red, left
acetylene
green, right
equal pressure
tip
smaller
number drill
striker, matches/lighters
copper
will not
lighter
blue
thickness
neutral
neutral
acetylene
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
a.
b.
Exposed to the sun
Finished with dark
colors
spar varnish
baseball
modified seine
a. blanket
b. envelope
distilled or demineralized
water
fungicidal
animal
loosen
250
1 4/5”, 2 2/5”
beside
splice
grounded
200
clear
much
glossy
Butyrate
12. a.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
SECTION 6B
1.
AIRCRAFT FABRIC
COVERING
SECTION 5A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
aluminum
cellulose nitrate
is
a. Manufacturer’s
service manual
b. Supplemental Type
Certificate (STC)
c. FAA field approval
80
56
Glider
a. Polyester
b. Fiberglass
Reinforcing
Surface
second
cutting
Inspection grommets
(rings)
Retarder
thinned
five
will not
plasticizers
SECTION 5B
1.
2.
70
penetrate
SECTION 5C
1.
2.
3.
4.
sprayed
baseball, apex
four, eight, ten
sew
2.
3.
4.
AIRCRAFT PAINTING
AND FINISHING
SECTION 6A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Plasticizers
Scotch-Brite
solvents, plasticizers
plasticizers
heavy
20
too much
moisture
retarder
warming
a. Excessive heat or
wind
b. Excessively atomized
spray gun air
Moving the gun too
slowly.
c. Holding the work too
close.
d. Not thinning the dope
properly.
a. Improper spraying
techniques.
b. Thinners evaporating
too quickly.
c. Air drafts over the
surface.
fisheyes
roping
a. They are designed for
metal.
b. They are more difficult
to repair.
flexative modified primer
sandpaper
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
a. chemical
b. mechanical
c. pyrolytic
a. personal injury
b. aircraft damage
Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA),
Occupational Health and
Occupational Safety and
Health Administration
(OSHA)
a. aluminum tape (or foil)
b. polyethylene sheeting
thick
hot water, steam
is not
plastic
polyurethane
conversion
a. zinc chromate
b. epoxy
wash
a. primer
b. acid
c. thinner
0.3 mil (0.0003in or
0.0076mm)
eight
moisture
low
B
polyurethane
Wash
induction
viscosity cup
5, 24
A-6
Answers
24. pot
25. white reflective,
transparent pigment,
ultraviolet absorbing
26. polyurethane
27. will not
28. Linseed
c.
4.
5.
6.
7.
SECTION 6C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
heavier
daily
engine mounts, landing
gear struts
suction, pressure
will not
air, electric
perpendicular
much
a. 2
b. 5
c. 1
d. 3
e. 4
True
1/3 to 2/3
ahead of
thinner
polypropylene
45
N
58 inches
bad
water
wet
AIRFRAME
ELECTRICAL
SYSTEMS
SECTION 7A
1.
2.
3.
relative
strength, speed
a. direction of magnetic
flux (north to south)
b. direction of induced
EMF (voltage)
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
direction conductor
moves through the
magnetic field
armature
commutator
brushes
a. field frame
b. armature
c. commutator
d. brush assembly
a. complete the
magnetic circuit
b. provide mechanical
support for the other
parts.
field, field poles, shoes
pigtail
carbon, commutator
a. series
b. shunt
c. compound
Series
flat, under, over
armature reaction
neutral
interpoles
coming-in, 1500
field
a. current limiter
b. reverse current cutout
(or relay)
c. voltage regulator
reverse current
flashing (polarizing)
growler
large, light
stationary, moving
solid-state
a. rotor
b. stator
c. solid-state rectifier
d. brush assembly
slip rings
replaced
is not
three
Y, delta
air, brushless
constant speed drive
400, 3
lead-acid, nickel-cadmium
specific gravity
1.275, 1.300
1.150
hydrometer
2.1
ampere-hours (amp-hours)
5-hour discharge
clean, tight, corrosion
45. bristle brush, sodium
bicarbonate (baking soda)
46. neutralizes
47. acid, water
48. current, voltage, voltage
49. a. carry most of the
electrical loads
b. charge the battery
50. 28, 14
51. baking soda, water
52. low
53. temperature
54. is not
55. chemically opposite,
contaminate
56. boric acid, vinegar
57. fully charge or deep cycle,
ampere-hour
SECTION 7B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
relationship
voltage spikes
contactor
a. false
b. false
c. true
d. true
coil
voltage
a. split-bus
b. parallel-bus
parallel-bus
SECTION 7C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
600
Eight
American Wire
a. 2 volts
b. .5 volt
c. 8 volts
d. 7 volts
a. 4
b. 2
c. 10
d. 2/0
12, 15
6, above
25
shielding
a. red
b. yellow
c. blue
equal to
four
3 milliohms (0.003 ohms)
co-axial
BNC
A-7
Answers
SECTION 7D
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
AC 43.13-1B
logical, consistent, up,
forward
two, one
relay
slow-blow
trip-free
a. push-to-reset
b. push-pull
c. toggle type
a. red
b. green
c. white
a. rotating beacon
b. flashing strobe
five
a. direction of the
magnetic field
b. direction of current
flow
c. direction the wire
moves
a. permanent magnet
b. electromagnet
a. series
b. shunt
c. compound
high
series
a. universal
b. induction
c. synchronous
a. the design
b. the applied AC
frequency
HYDRAULIC AND
PNEUMATIC POWER
SYSTEMS
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
incompressible
height of the column
equally, undiminished, all
pressure
F = AP (F = A x P)
V = AD (V = A x D)
a. Force can be easily
transmitted over large
distances.
b. Large gains in
mechanical advantage
are possible.
10. a. 225 pounds (approx.)
b. 2.25 inches (approx.)
c. 445 pounds (approx.)
d. 500 psi
11. a. up
b. 1,570 pounds
(approx.)
SECTION 8B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
SECTION 8A
1.
2.
a. Lighter weight
b. Ease of installation
c. Simplified inspection
d. Minimum maintenance
100
a.
Able to flow with
minimum opposition
b. Must be
incompressible
c. Have good lubricating
properties
d. Inhibit corrosion
e. Must not foam in
operation.
Viscosity
flash point
a. Vegetable based
b. Petroleum based
c. Phosphate-ester based
is not
castor, alcohol
blue
MIL-H-5606
MIL-H-5606
fire
purple
soap, water
a. alcohol
b. Stoddard solvent,
naptha or varsol
c. Trichlorethylene
a. natural rubber
b. neoprene or Buna-N
c. butyl rubber or
ethylene-propylene
elastomers
SECTION 8C
1.
2.
brakes
a. A suitable fluid
b. A fluid reservoir
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
c. A pump
d. Actuators
power pack
a. Integral
b. In-line
unpressurized
a. An aspirator in the
return line.
b. Bleed air
c. Piston type
0.000039
return
can
Double
constant
relief
constant
does not
flow
open
check
orifice check
sequence
Priority
hydraulic fuse
a. Pressure drop across
the fuse
b. Volume of fluid
passing through the
fuse
relief
pressure reducer
accumulator
air, nitrogen
a. piston type
b. bladder type
c. diaphragm type
H
linear
motor
one-way
two-way
larger
backup ring, 1500
cure
would
nicked, damaged
SECTION 8D
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
high
bleed
gyro instruments
Vane
dessicant, chemical dryer
shuttle
shuttle
A-8
Answers
3.
AIRCRAFT LANDING
GEAR SYSTEMS
SECTION 9A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
conventional
parasite
tricycle
ground loop, center of
gravity
wheel pants
bungee
air-oil, oleo
oil
air
piston tube
two
aluminum, magnesium
bead seat
brake disk
fusible plugs
make sure it is completely
deflated
deflator cap, valve, valve
core
should not
should not
intergranular
overheating
is not
Eddy current
magnetic particle
any
shimmy damper
toed-in
negative
fire, damage
lowering
a. mechanical
b. alternate hydraulic
c. compressed air
d. free-fall
squat
green, locked
retarded, any
is not, landing
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
SECTION 9C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
SECTION 9B
1.
2.
sintered
main
deboosting (pressurereducing)
lockout debooster
pneumatic
linings
0.100
Spongy
bleeding
wheel cylinder
a. drain and flush the
system
b. replace all the seals
is not
fluorescent penetrant
is not
overheating
dragging
32.
33.
III (3)
width, diameter
outside diameter, width
does not
tubeless
more
bead
rib
nose
internally
under-inflated
Under-inflations
a. under-inflated
b. over-inflated
c. correct inflation
inflation pressure
airframe
cold
is
are
O-ring
cannot
is not
is
vertically
a. holes (punctures)
b. defective valves
valve
light
anti-seize
talcum powder
heavy
slowly, safety cage
a. in special brackets
b. with a cotter pin
through holes in the rim
c. with adhesive
Taxiing
stop, check the clearance
34. Hydroplaning
POSITION AND
WARNING SYSTEMS
SECTION 10A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
blow, damage, control
zero
slip, skid
all the way
20
weight, wheels (main
wheels)
a. wheel-speed sensors
b. anti-skid computer
c. control valves
current, voltage
pressure, current
a. generate electrical
signals usable by the
control valve.
b. regulate brake pressure
to prevent a skid
during landing
c. prevent application of
the brakes prior to
touchdown.
locked-wheel
hydroplaning
test
wheel-speed sensor.
SECTION 10B
1.
2.
angle, attack
a. audible tone
b. red light
3. stagnation point
4. stick-shaker
5. slot, vane
6. synchronous
7. permanent magnet,
electromagnet
8. a. on the ground
b. advanced for takeoff
9. green, red
10. landing, down, locked
11. reducing speed
12. Ground Proximity Warning
System (GPWS)
A-9
Answers
13. Engine Indication, Crew
Alerting
14. alert, status, maintenance
AIRCRAFT
INSTRUMENT
SYSTEMS
SECTION 11A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
a. absolute
b. gauge
c. differential
29.92, 14.7
absolute
gauge
Bourdon
a. pitot
b. static
absolute
engine pressure ratio
altimeter
indicated
mean sea level
inches, mercury (Hg),
millibars
pressure
32,000
temperature
is not
position
absolute, ground level
91.411
24
indicated
true
Machmeter
0.95
vertical speed
static
Wheatstone bridge,
ratiometer
thermocouple
is not
accelerometer (G-meter)
synchroscope
tachometer
a. rigidity in space
b. precession
rigidity in space
35. a. pitch (lateral)
b. roll (longitudinal)
36. vertical
37. precession
38. inclinometer
39. variation
40. isogonic
41. agonic
42. deviation
43. deviation
44. turning, acceleration
45. slaved
46. a. susceptible to icing
b. produces no vacuum
until the airplane is
flying.
47. carbon
48. clean
49. cannot
50. a. airspeed and/or Mach
indicator
b. altimeter
c. vertical speed
51. electric
52. static
53. resistor
54. one
55. two
56. air, fuel
57. pounds per square inch
(psi)
58. most
59. a. Electronic Flight
Instrument System
b. Cathode Ray Tube
c. Electronic Attitude
Deviation Indicator
d. Aeronautical Radio,
Inc.
e. Electronic Horizontal
Situation Indicator
60. Zulu or Z
SECTION 11B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
a. upper right
b. upper center
c. lower center
d. upper left
low frequency, high
amplitude
bonded, return
a. red radial line
b. white arc
c. yellow arc
d. blue radial line
e. green arc
removal
100
AIRCRAFT AVIONICS
SYSTEMS
SECTION 12A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
a. An electric field
b. A magnetic field
shorter
oscillations, one
cycle, cycles, Hertz (Hz)
light
carrier, one-quarter, onehalf
carrier, modulation
a. Amplitude Modulation
(AM)
b. Frequency Modulation
(FM)
sky, long-range
a. generate a signal at the
correct frequency
b. modulate the carrier
wave
c. amplify the signal
oscillator
amplifier
shorter
Hertz dipole
ground plane
vertically
tuning
oceanic
VHF
is
UHF, voice, data
SELCAL
digital data link
airborne, ground
LF/MF
a. loop
b. sense
VHF
phase
30
is
direct to a destination
VORTAC
do not
acceleration
space
four
A-10
37. 4096
38. C
39. TCAS, resolve the
potential conflict
40. 24
41. a. localizer
b. glideslope
c. marker beacons
d. approach and runway
lighting
42. UHF
43. glideslope
44. 75MHz
45. middle
46. 48, 121.5, 243.0
47. aft
48. rain
49. a. green
b. yellow
c. red
50. X-band
51. C-band
52. lightning discharges
53. transponders
SECTION 12B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
manually control
ailerons
ailerons, elevator
pilot, throttle
Flight Management
Systems
6. takeoff, landing, rollout
7. attitude, rate
8. servo
9. a. precess
b. wear out
10. a. pneumatic
b. electric
11. b.
SECTION 12C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
bonding jumper
is
above, clamped
surge, spikes
snap-action
trip-free
0.003
shielding
dischargers, wicks,
trailing, atmosphere
10. Co-axial
11. dented, kinked, distorted,
crushed, exposed
Answers
AIRFRAME ICE AND
RAIN CONTROL
CABIN ATMOSPHERE
CONTROL SYSTEMS
SECTION 13A
SECTION 14A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
known
anti-icing
deicing
spoiler
does not
bleed
bleed air
electrical heaters
alternate
electrically
heated
a. chemicals
b. thermal (hot air)
c. electrical heaters
a. carburetors
b. propellers
c. windshields
isopropyl
suction
vacuum
a. adhesives
b. Rivnuts and screws
mild soap, water
electrothermal
slip-rings, brushes
on a sequenced cycle
holdover
takeoff, holdover
may not
ethylene glycol, isopropyl
alcohol
SECTION 13B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
a.
b.
mechanical wipers
chemical rain
repellant
c. pneumatic rainremoval systems
a. electrically
b. hydraulically
is not
heavy
bleed
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
a. 14.7
b. 29.92
c. 59
d. 15
a. Nitrogen
b. Oxygen
hypoxia
performance, judgment
Carbon monoxide
10,000
SECTION 14B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
will not
Aviator’s Breathing
liquid
molecular sieve
green
a. DOT 3AA
b. DOT 3HT
five-thirds, five
a. manual type
b. automatic type
diluter-demand
continuous flow
continuous flow
(rebreather)
stainless steel
LOX
70
Sodium chlorate
does
long
cannot
opposite
50, 100
lowest
1725 p.s.i.
50
allowed to leak out
engine turbocharger
a. cabin altitude
b. cabin rate-of-climb
(vertical speed)
c. differential pressure
indicator
A-11
Answers
27. a. automatic
b. manual
28. outflow
10.
SECTION 14C
11.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
exhaust shroud
combustion
fuel valve
higher
fuel
C
a. ram air heat
exchangers
b. expanding air across
a turbine
after
a.air-cycle machines
vapor-cycle systems
latent
a. compressor
b. expansion valve
receiver-dryer
dessicant
evaporator
R-12
control
condenser
a. soapy water
b. electronic oscillator
sight glass
purged
vapor
AIRCRAFT FUEL
SYSTEMS
SECTION 15A
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
will
detonation, catastrophic
failure
gasoline, kerosene
more
volatility
knock
lean
a. Avgas 80
b. Avgas 100
c. Avgas 100LL
a. red
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
b. green
c. blue
a. Jet A
b. Jet A-1
c. Jet B
a. dissolved
b. free
water
a. solids
b. microorganisms
c. surfactants
d. water
e. contamination caused
by human error
is not
150
125
2
jettison
SECTION 15B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
cannot
a. Supply fuel pressure
for starting
b. Provide a backup for
the engine-driven
pump
c. Assure fuel flow
when switching tanks.
a. welded or riveted
b. integral
c. bladder
3003, 5052
sloshing
integral
chafe-resisting
engine-oil
forward
5052, stainless
sixth, third
lay
above
true
a. cone-type
b. poppet-type
detent
a. electric motors
b. solenoids
double
centrifugal
low
venturi
parallel
constant
series
a. bypass valve
b. relief valve
valve, plug
27. will not
28. capacitance
29. pressure
SECTION 15C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
steam cleaning
3.5
lead, tin
argon, carbon dioxide
one-half
30
should not
is not
ground
a. Formation of sludge or
slime.
b. Emulsification of the
fuel
c. Creation of corrosive
compounds and
offensive odors.
11. Millipore
12. parallel
13. correct grade (type)
FIRE PROTECTION
SYSTEMS
SECTION 16A
1.
2.
a.
b.
c.
Fuel
Oxygen
A source of ignition
(heat)
C
B
D
A
a.
b.
c.
d.
3. D
4. a. Spot-detection type
b. Continuous-loop type
5. spot
6. pre-set
7. parallel
8. fault, short, open
9. spot-type
10. rate of temperature rise
11. reference
12. a. sensitive relay
b. slave relay
A-12
Answers
13.
14.
15.
16.
continuous loop
Kidde
continuous loop
a. Lindberg
b. Systron-Donner
17. a. Carbon Monoxide
b. Nitrous Oxides
18. Ionization
19. a. The Light Refraction
type
b. The Ionization type
c. The Solid-State type
SECTION 16B
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
is
five digit Halon
a. Weighing the
container
b. Checking the
pressure gauge
squib
yellow
weighing
five
may not
AIRCRAFT
AIRWORTHINESS
INSPECTION
d.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
SECTION 17B
1.
SECTION 17A
1.
2.
3.
4.
airworthy
a. aircraft specifications
b. Type Certificate Data
Sheets
c. Airworthiness
Directives
d. Other FAA approved
data
cycle
43, D
a. Airworthiness
Certificate
b. Registration
Certificate
c. Weight and Balance
information
Operating
Limitations(POH &
Placards).
inoperative
12 calendar
100
midnight, May 31st
manufacturer
may not
discrepancies, unairworthy
major
special flight permit
10
1,427
may
Inspection Authorization
may not
Progressive
a. Large Airplanes (over
12,500 lbs gross
takeoff weight)
b. Turbine powered
multi-engine aircraft
conformity
337
conformity
Continuous
letter
work cards
Approved
24
special
12
conditional
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
a. weather
b. friction
c. stress overloads
d. heat
e. vibration
weather
friction
stress
indirect
pre-inspection
work order
a. pre-inspection
b. examination
c. service and repair
d. functional check
e. return to service
mandatory
examination
functional
paperwork
appropriately rated
SECTION 17C
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
will
a. 43.9
b. 43.11
a. A description of the
work performed
b. The date the work was
completed
c. The name of the person
performing the work if
different from the
person approving the
return to service.
d. The signature of the
person approving the
return to service.
e. The certificate number
of the person
approving the return to
service.
f. The type of certificate
of the person
approving the return to
service.
owner
time in service
may
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