Topic 02 - PM Framework - Interlabs Research Institute

Chapter 3
The Project Management Framework
 Understand the importance of the Project Management Institute and
other professional societies
 Define the five process groups and understand how they interact over
 Define the nine knowledge areas
 Define the component processes that exist within each process group
 Know the methods used in each component process and the
deliverables produced
PMI: Process Groups
and Knowledge Areas
The PMI Project Management
Body of Knowledge
framework used for the
text is structured
• 5 process groups
which are made up
• component
consisting of
tools, techniques,
and outcomes
organized within
• nine knowledge
SPM Process Groups
Initiating processes – authorizing the beginning or ending of a project or phase
Planning processes – ensuring that the objectives of the project are achieved in the
most appropriate way
Executing processes – coordinating all resources (people and material) during the
implementation of the project plan
Controlling processes – monitoring of project variances from what was planned to
actual progress
Closing processes – formal acceptance of the project or a phase and updating of the
project information base with lessons learned
Process Groups Overlap in Time
Process Groups and
PMBOK Knowledge Areas
Process groups supply a roadmap to follow,
and the knowledge areas describe the
methods (for example, car, plane, bus) of
how to get to our destination, which is
project success
9 PMBOK Knowledge Areas:
 Integration Management
 Scope Management
 Time Management
 Cost Management
 Quality Management
 Human Resources Management
 Communications Management
 Risk Management
 Procurement Management
Project Initiation
The SPM Process Machine
Project Execution
Project Monitoring &
Project Closeout
Chapter 3
The Project Management Framework:
Additional Information
The IT / Software
Project Management Profession
Number of jobs in IT Project Management continues to grow
Professional societies like the Project Management Institute (PMI) have
grown tremendously (
In 1969 the Project Management Institute (PMI) was founded for the
following reasons:
to create a forum for project managers to discuss emerging concepts and practices
to officially recognize project management as a profession in and of itself
to bring together people from all branches of project management to share and learn from each other
Information Technology Project Management as a Profession
Process Groups Interacting in a Phase (Iteration, Increment)
This figure demonstrates how process groups exist within each phase of an iterative
The initiating process group is the process that begins the project as well as each
phase. Each phase consists of all five process groups interacting over time
Each phase as well as the entire project ends with the closing process. As each
phase ends, the closing process reviews what was accomplished in the previous
phase and what needs to be done or redone in the next phase
The Software Project Management / IT Project Management Profession: Positions
available at Illinois or Chicago, IL
(987 positions open just in Illinois)
Software Project
An Example of
Open Position
(Chicago area)
Theory and
special tools
Requirements for SPM: Microsoft Project, Primavera, …
Primavera P6 Professional Project Management
Software Project
An Example of
Open Position
(Chicago area)
PMP Certificate
Project Management Professional Certification by PMI
 PMI provides certification as a Project Management Professional
 A PMP has documented sufficient project experience (3 years),
agreed to follow a code of ethics, and passed the PMP exam
 (200 questions in 4 hours)
 More on certification found in Appendix C
Growth in PMPs Certifications, 1993 – 2010