Why MDCs and LDCs? • As we ask, “where have urban areas grown?” it is vital that we understand what MDCs and LDCs are. Objective • We will be able to explain what is the difference between a MDC and an LDC • We will be able to explain the social and physical characteristics of an urban settlement • We will be able to explain the difference between increasing percentage of people in cities and increasing number of people in cities Development: MDCs vs. LDCs • Take 1-2 minutes, and jot down in your notes (or on the back of your development handout) your ideas on what we mean when we say a country’s “development”? • What would you consider to be the economic and/or social indicators of a more or less developed country? Development Handout • Development: The process of improving the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology. • IYOW (In your own words) write down your own interpretation of what this definition means Why use a spectrum? LDC MDC • Why is it difficult to categorize countries as either LDC or MDC? LDCs • Average amount of schooling: • a couple of years • Literacy rate: • less than 60% • People are ________________ • healthier • Average life expectancy: • 60’s LDC Regions • Latin America • East Asia • Middle East • Southeast Asia • South Asia • Sub-Saharan Africa MDCs • Average amount of schooling: • 10 years • Literacy rate: • 98% • People are __________ (health-wise) • sicker • Average life expectancy: • 70’s MDC Regions • • • • • North-America Western Europe Eastern Europe Japan South Pacific Dependency Theory • The theory that industrialized nations continue to take resources from developing countries due to neocolonialism, widening the development gap. Core-Periphery Model • The majority of economic growth is enjoyed by a core region of wealthy countries despite being outnumbered in population by those in a periphery that are ignored. Core-Periphery Stats • _____ of the population enjoy _____ of the world’s annual income • 15% 75% • _____ of the population enjoy only _____ of the world’s annual income • 85% 25% Mapping LDCs & MDCs • Using the data on your development worksheet, plot each country on the spectrum. • In each box, circle which factors you found to be the most influential in where you placed the country on the spectrum. • Be prepared to share your answers.