World War I Quiz 2 Study Guide Warfare, U.S. Involvement in WWI, and Outcomes of the War War and New Warfare 1. When did World War I take place? (years) 1914-1918 2. What is trench warfare? A type of fighting during World War I in which both sides dug trenches protected by mines and barbed wire. 3. List and describes the new kind of warfare and weapons used during World War I. Include the name of the warfare, and at least 3 new weapons used. – Grenades – Airplanes – Machine guns – Barbed wire – Submarines (German submarines called U-boats) – Poison gas 4. What German weapon greatly affected the war? (HINT: this weapon is used in the water) U-Boats 5. Name the 2 battlefronts from the war. Western Front and Eastern Front 6. What was the disadvantage the Central Powers faced during the war? The Central Powers were surrounded by the Allied Powers forcing them to fight on two sides. U.S. Involvement 7. Who was president of the USA during World War I? Woodrow Wilson 8. What role did the US take in the beginning of the war? Neutral (Isolationism) – The U.S. did not take sides in the beginning of the war. 9. What year did the US enter World War I? 1917 10. What 4 reasons caused the US to enter World War I. Describe all 4 in detail. United States economic and political ties to Great Britain Sinking of the Lusitania Inability to remain neutral The Zimmerman Note 11. What is propaganda? Information designed to influence opinion. 12. What character was used on US recruiting posters? Uncle Sam Outcome of the War 13. What was the name of President Wilson’s peace plan? Fourteen Points 14. What was the purpose of this plan? To prevent all future wars 15. What was the last point of Wilson’s plan called? League of Nations 16. What was the name of the treaty that ended World War I? Treaty of Versailles 17. List at 3 punishments Germany had to face after the war? Forced Germany to accept guilt for war and pay reparations (pay for damages) Limited Germany’s military – Forbidden to have aircraft and submarines Germany lost colonies and territories 18. What country rejected the treaty that ended World War I? United States 19. Why did this country reject the treaty? Many Americans did not trust the idea of a League of Nations They thought that an organization would tie America to international work (protecting other nations) forever 20. Use the cartoon below. What is the artist’s intended message of the cartoon? The U.S. (Wilson) created the League of Nations; therefore it was weak (or unsuccessful) without the United States as a member.