ASEAN Environmental Challenge – Climate Change

ASEAN Environmental
Challenge – Climate
Glynda Bathan-Baterina
Deputy Executive Director
The Third ASEAN Chief Justices Roundtable on Environment
“ASEAN’s Environmental Challenges and Legal Responses”
15-18 November 2013
Bangkok, Thailand
● Heat trapping air pollutants, most notably carbon
dioxide, are changing the Earth’s climate.
● The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
increased by 40% since the start of the industrial
era due to emissions from burning coal, oil, and
natural gas.
● Temperatures have risen around the world as a
Source: Natural Resources Defense Council, 2013
Source: ABN, 2013
• Southeast Asia’s 563 million people are concentrated along coastlines leaving it
exposed to rising sea levels
• Heavy reliance on agriculture for livelihood makes SEA vulnerable to droughts,
floods, tropical cyclones associated with warming
Source: ADB, 2009
Source: ABN, 2013
• Heat waves, droughts, floods and tropical cyclones have been more intense and
frequent causing damage to property and human life. Recorded floods/storms have
risen dramatically, particularly in the Philippines, rising from just under 20 in 19601969 to nearly 120 by 2000-2008
Source: ADB, 2009
Source: IBTimes, 2013
Source: IBTimes, 2013
Source: IBTimes, 2013
Photos from
Source: Rappler, 2013IBTimes, Rappler, GMANews
Economic Impacts of Climate Change in SEA
● Rice yield potential to decline by up to 50% on
average by Year 2100 compared to 1990
● Forests could be replaced by tropical savanna
and shrub with low or no carbon
sequestration potential
● Potential economic cost of inaction would
be 6.7% per year of the combined GDP of
Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and
Vietnam by 2100
Source: ADB, 2009
Decouple economic growth & GHG emissions
Legal issues and questions
● What is the current science and economics
behind climate change?
● Is the existing law applied effectively to the
problem of climate change?
● How are cases related to climate change
justiciable if at all?
● Do the courts have any role in relation to
climate change, or will they only be
adjudicating at earlier stages?
Clean Air Asia Center
Unit 3505 Robinsons Equitable Tower
ADB Avenue, Pasig City
Metro Manila 1605
Clean Air Asia China Office
Clean Air Asia India Office
901A Reignwood Building,
No. 8 YongAnDongLi
Jianguomenwai Avenue Beijing
1st Floor, Building No. 4
Thyagraj Nagar Market, Lodhi Colony
New Delhi 110003
Clean Air Asia Country Networks
Clean Air Asia
Center Members
• Asia Clean Fuels
• Corning
• Shell
. India . Indonesia . Nepal . Pakistan . Philippines . Sri Lanka .
Clean Air Asia
Partnership Members
• Cities
• Environment ministries and government
• Development agencies and foundations
• Non-government organizations
• Academic and research institutions
• Private sector companies and associations
Donors in 2012 to 2013
Asian Development Bank  Cities Development Initiative for Asia  ClimateWorks Foundation
 DHL/IKEA/UPS  Energy Foundation  Fredskorpset Norway  Fu Tak Iam Foundation 
German International Cooperation (GIZ)  Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
(IGES)  Institute for Transport Policy Studies  Institute for Transportation and Development
Policy  International Union for Conservation of Nature  L'Agence Française de
Développement (AFD)  MAHA  Pilipinas Shell  Rockefeller Brothers Fund  Shakti
Foundation  Shell Foundation  United Nations Environment Program Partnership for Clean
Fuels and Vehicles (UNEP PCFV)  USAID CEnergy  Veolia  World Bank