Name: ___________________________________ Per: ____ Astronomy Research Assignment (Due: Friday June 1) “Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known.” - Astronomer Carl Sagan This astronomy research assignment is meant to encourage you to study some of the mysterious and wonderful objects and concepts in the universe. You will research one topic that will be assigned to you and present your research in PowerPoint Presentation and two-page research paper. Read through credible websites, books, magazine articles, and encyclopedias to answer the following questions about your topic: What is _____? What does ____ look like? What are some examples of ______ in the universe? How does ______ work? What are the most interesting facts about ______? What do you want to teach the class about _____? As you read through different sources, do not copy sentences or paragraphs of information from any website or resource. Instead, paraphrase the information in your own words. Your grade will be lowered if material seems to be copied from any source. The greatest resource to begin with is: www.nasa.gov Your Research Assignment must include the following requirements. Please use this page as a check-list: I. Two-Page Paper (30 Points) □ Your research paper should be two full pages in length, double-spaced, 12 point Times New Roman or Arial font, and 1 inch margins. □ Describe your topic in detail. Answer questions such as these: What is _____? What does ____ look like? What are some examples of ______ in the universe? How does ______ work? What are the most interesting facts about ______? What do you want to teach the class about _____? □ If you research a topic that has been discussed in class, please find more information on the topic beyond what was taught in class. For instance, discover other interesting facts that were not shared in class about your topic (history, questions, phenomena, etc.). □ You must include a simple citation list at the end of your paper. Copy and paste the addresses for websites, book titles, encyclopedia titles, textbook titles used. You must use at least 2 outside sources other than the classroom textbook. Credible websites have addresses that usually end in “.edu or .gov” such as http://www.astro.cornell.edu/. Do not use Wikipedia as a source (you may use it as a beginning for your own understanding but do not use it as a legitimate source). II. PowerPoint (20 points) □ PowerPoint must include 4 slides. □ PowerPoint must include 4 images/pictures. □ You must cite the website used for any image next to any image/picture or on a concluding slide at the end of the PowerPoint. □ Bring PowerPoint on CD, save to U-drive, DO NOT EMAIL to teacher or save to Google docs. III. Presentation of Topic to the Class (10 points) □ Your presentation must last for 3-4 minutes. □ You will explain your topic, photos/images interesting facts, and new research found about the topic. Please do not read from your paper or slides. Topics – You choose 5 topics and will be assigned ONE of them to research. My Topic (assigned on Wed 5/23) is: ________________________________________________ 1. How are images of stars, galaxies, and planets captured? 2. Galaxies - Milky Way Galaxy, Andromeda Galaxy 3. Big Bang Theory and other scientific theories about the formation of the universe 4. Earth-like Planet, “Kepler-22b” 5. Black Holes 6. Mercury 7. Venus 8. Earth 9. Mars: Exploration of Mars - Mars Missions, Mars Rovers 10. Jupiter and its moons 11. Saturn & Cassini Spacecraft 12. Uranus 13. Neptune 14. Pluto 15. Dwarf planets in the solar system 16. The Moon (the Earth’s Moon) 17. Different Types of Stars – Red giants, brown dwarves, white dwarves, etc. 18. Astronauts – training, education, experience, astronaut food, etc. 19. International Space Station 20. Apollo 11 – Mission to the Moon 21. The Sun 22. Dark Matter and Dark Energy 23. Worm Holes and White Holes (and black holes) 24. The Hubble Space Telescope (please include some of the amazing pictures that the Hubble has taken) 25. Formation of the Solar System 26. According to scientific theory, where did life on Earth come from? 27. Alien Life - What do scientists think about life on other planets? 28. Quasars (and black holes) 29. Supernovae 30. Life Cycles of Stars 31. Voyager Space Craft 32. NASA 33. Apollo 13 Mission 34. Neutron Stars and Pulsars 35. Albert Einstein 36. Galileo Galilei 37. Edwin Hubble 38. Comets 39. Asteroids 40. Meteoroids, Meteorites, Meteors 41. Nebula (Nebulae) – The most famous nebulae 42. String Theory 43. Eclipses – lunar eclipses and solar eclipses 44. Antimatter 45. Stars closest to the Solar System, our nearest neighbors Extra Credit Opportunity: If you find answers to these questions asked in class, please include them in your research paper and presentation. Include these questions/answers ONLY IF they are relevant to your topic: - Will our solar system eventually reach the black hole (galactic center) in the middle of the Milky Way galaxy? – J.N. Will the Sun run out of energy before it reaches the black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy? – T.A. Will our galaxy eventually collide with other galaxies? If so, when would this happen? – T.L. Can galaxies combine when they collide? Do they always “rip” each other apart? – C.C. How do scientists know that there is only one universe? – T. A. Could life exist in other universes since the Big Bang “started” life in this universe? – T.A. How did life come to exist on Earth? What causes meteorite showers? How do the moons of Jupiter affect Jupiter? – R.G. Do black holes last forever? – E.N. Can black holes collide? What happens when/if they do? If we have never been outside of the Milky Way, how do we know what it looks like? – K.C., S.H. Will the Milky Way ever cease to exist? – S.H. Can all the planets in the solar system align? Will the universe eventually STOP expanding? What will happen after that? – G.Y. Why can’t we see the center of the Milky Way from Earth if it so much bigger than our Sun? – M.B. Why are some planets larger than others? – C.D.